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The gender pay gap

Published Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Average pay for female employees working full-time is lower than that for men. This note looks at the gender pay gap among different groups, including differences by age, region, occupation and industry sector.

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Average pay for female employees working full-time is lower than that for men. The difference in men and women’s median full-time hourly earnings (excluding overtime) was 9.4% in April 2015. However, median hourly earnings for part-time employees were 6.5% higher for women than for men.

The gender pay gap for all employees (full-time and part-time) was 19.2%. This is higher than the 9.4% pay gap for full-time employees, since more women than men work part-time and part-time workers tend to earn less than full-time workers.

There is little difference in median hourly pay for men and women aged 18-39. However there is a large gap between men and women aged 40 and over working full-time.

Broadly speaking there has been a downwards trend in the full-time pay gap since 1997 and the overall pay gap has also decreased over the period. The part-time pay gap has widened since the early 2000s, with women earning more than men.

This note looks at the gender pay gap among different groups, including by age, region, occupation and industry sector.

The data underlying the charts in this note are published in the accompanying tables.

Commons Briefing papers SN07068

Author: Feargal McGuinness

Topics: Employment, Pay

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