House of Commons Library

City Deals

Published Wednesday, November 22, 2017

This note provides an overview of City Deals, with details on the 31 that have been successfully negotiated since July 2012.

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City deals are bespoke packages of funding and decision-making powers negotiated between central government and local authorities and/or Local Enterprise Partnerships and other local bodies.

Between July 2012 and August 2014, 26 City Deals were agreed. The first wave, completed in July 2012 covered the 8 largest English cities outside London; the second wave, completed in July 2014 covered the next 14 largest English cities and their wider areas, as well as the next 6 English cities and areas with the highest population growth between 2001 and 2010.

In a one-off deal in August 2014, Glasgow and the Clyde Valley became the first area outside England to agree a deal. In 2016, deals were agreed with Aberdeen, Cardiff and Inverness.

The 2016 Budget included proposals to begin negotiations with Swansea and Edinburgh.

The 2016 Autumn Statement confirmed that the government was working towards deals with Tayside and Stirling and was making progress on deals with Edinburgh and Swansea.

In July 2017, it was confirmed that the UK and Scottish Governments had agreed the terms of the Edinburgh and South East Scotland deal.

Commons Briefing papers SN07158

Author: Matthew Ward

Topics: Regional planning and development, Economic policy

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