Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 8725

Four Seasons Health Care Group – financial difficulties and safeguards for clients
Published Tuesday, September 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8004
This House of Commons Library briefing paper explores the latest developments concerning the financial state of the Four Seasons Health Care Group – the UK’s second largest care home provider – and (for England) the regulatory oversight of strategically important social care providers and the temporary duty of local authorities to meet people’s needs when such a provider suffers business failure. A link to the full briefing paper in pdf format can be found at the foot of this page.
Brexit: a reading list of post-EU Referendum publications by Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies
Published Tuesday, September 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7912
This reading list brings together briefings on Brexit by the Parliamentary libraries and the Devolved Assembly research services with reports by Parliamentary and Devolved Assembly committees following the result of the EU Referendum on 23 June 2016.
Demise of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty
Published Tuesday, September 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8634
On 2 August 2019 the United States formally withdrew from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. In place for over 30 years, it was considered a cornerstone of the international arms control architecture as it was the first treaty to eliminate an entire category of weapons from the nuclear arsenals of the US and Russia and ended a nuclear stand-off in Europe. What are the implications of its demise for European security and the arms control agenda more broadly?
Divisions in the House of Commons
Published Tuesday, September 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN06401
Divisions are the main form of voting in the House of Commons. This briefing paper describes how it works and how it developed.
Hong Kong in 2019
Published Tuesday, September 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8661
This Commons Library briefing paper examines the factors behind the unrest in Hong Kong in 2019 and the UK/China Joint Declaration.

Topic: Asia

MPs' changes of party allegiance in the House of Commons since 1979
Published Monday, September 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02537
This list notes when a Member has changed allegiance from one political party to another or decided to sit as an independent MP. Instances of Members losing or resigning a party whip are also noted.
Brexit: devolved legislature business
Published Monday, September 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7815
This paper is a record of Brexit-related business in the devolved legislatures. It is updated every Monday when the legislatures are in session.
Access to Critical Materials
Published Friday, September 13, 2019 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0609
Critical materials (CMs) are key to UK manufacturing, including for the aerospace, automotive, energy and chemical sectors, which rely on materials typically extracted and processed abroad. CMs are vital components of several emerging technologies, including electric vehicles, renewable energy infrastructure such as wind turbines, and digital technologies such as computers and smartphones. The UK imports most of its CMs and faces international competition for key resources. This POSTnote looks at the demand and supply of CMs in the UK and ways of improving supply security.
Undercover policing in England and Wales
Published Friday, September 13, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8660
This paper explains the regulatory framework that governs undercover policing operations in England and Wales and the oversight mechanisms intended to ensure compliance with that framework. It also looks at the 'undercover policing scandal' which followed revelations that undercover officers had in the past engaged in intimate relationships with surveillance subjects and used the identities of dead children for cover. It explains the resultant litigation and the forthcoming public Inquiry into undercover policing
Financial Indicators: Key Economic Indicators
Published Friday, September 13, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN05207
Financial Indicators: Data from FTSE100, as well as oil prices and gold prices.
Funding for healthcare students in England
Published Thursday, September 12, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8655
This House of Commons briefing paper outlines the current funding system for: healthcare students, medical and dentistry students and paramedics and discusses the impact of the 2017 reforms on entrants to healthcare degrees.
No deal Brexit: trade
Published Thursday, September 12, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8636
This briefing paper sets out the implications for UK trade with EU and non-EU countries of a no deal Brexit.
Brexit: product standards and safety marking
Published Thursday, September 12, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8583
This Commons briefing paper considers the UK’s conformity with product standards and safety marking in the lead up to Brexit.

Topic: Consumers

Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Key Economic Indicators
Published Thursday, September 12, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02802
Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Data on interest rates from the UK, eurozone and the US; a summary of the Bank of England’s and international, quantitative easing policy.
Emergency debates in the House of Commons since 1979
Published Thursday, September 12, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN04569
This list notes successful applications for emergency debates in the House of Commons and provides a link to the debate in Hansard. Applications for emergency debates made since June 2012 are noted in the Excel spreadsheet.
Income tax - cap on unlimited reliefs
Published Thursday, September 12, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN06303
In Budget 2012 the Government announced that from April 2013 it would introduce a cap on certain unlimited income tax reliefs. Initially many charities raised concerns that this could have a very serious impact on the incentives for those on higher incomes to make charitable donations. In December 2012 the Government confirmed it would proceed with the cap, though tax relief on charitable donations would be excluded from its scope. This note gives more details.

Topic: Taxation

Brexit reading list: no deal
Published Thursday, September 12, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8642
This paper provides links to a selection of 2019 publications by private sector organisations, think tanks, research institutes and other academic institutions on a no-deal exit from the EU.
World Alzheimer's Day
Published Wednesday, September 11, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0119
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides information to mark World Alzheimer's Day on 21 September 2019.
GDP - International Comparisons: Key Economic Indicators
Published Wednesday, September 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02784
GDP International Comparisons: data and forecasts for the UK and the world's largest economies.
Unemployment - International Comparisons: Key Economic Indicators
Published Wednesday, September 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02800
Unemployment: International Comparisons: Data on harmonised unemployment rates for major international economies.

Displaying 1-20 out of 8725

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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