Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 7421

Global Effects of Climate Change on Health
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0099
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate on 21 December 2017 on the following motion tabled by Baroness Walmsley (Liberal Democrat): "to move that this House takes note of the global effects of climate change on health".
Animal Sentience and Brexit
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8155
An overview of animal sentience and the Government proposal to transfer recognition of animal sentience into UK legislation after Brexit
Sport participation in England
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8181
This briefing provides statistics about participation in sport by intensity, type, and socio-economic characteristics in England.
Motion to approve European documents relating to the Schengen information system
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0263
A debate on a Motion to approve European documents relating to the Schengen information system is scheduled for Tuesday 19 December 2017.
Autumn Budget & Finance (No.2) Bill 2017
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0244
The Chancellor, Philip Hammond, presented the Government's first Autumn Budget on 22 November 2017. The Government published the Finance Bill, to implement the tax measures contained in the Budget, on Friday 1 December, and the Bill's Second Reading is scheduled to be on Monday 11 December.

Topic: Taxation

Tax avoidance: recent developments
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7948
In recent years concerns as to the scale of mass marketed tax avoidance schemes have led to three major initiatives to undermine this market, and encourage a sea change in attitudes, both in the accountancy industry and its customers: the Disclosure of Tax Avoidance Schemes regime (DOTAS); the General Anti-Abuse Rule (GAAR); and the system of follower notices & accelerated payments. Following these initiatives the Government has continued to introduce provisions to tackle both tax avoidance and tax evasion, including measures in both the Spring & Autumn Budgets this year. This note provides an introduction to the issue of tax avoidance, looking in detail at the development of follower notices and accelerated payments, before discussing the current Government’s approach.

Topic: Taxation

Social mobility in Wales
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0261
This debate pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on Social Mobility in Wales, to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 19 December at 2.30PM. This debate will be led by Chris Elmore MP.
Postal services
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06763
This note gives an overview of postal services in the UK. It discusses current regulation, market trends and consumer problems.
Taxi and private hire vehicle licensing in England
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02005
This paper sets out the licensing arrangements for taxis and private hire vehicles (PHVs), drivers and operators in England and the enforcement of those licences. It also looks at some of the most significant reports into the future of the taxi and PHV industries in recent years and issues currently of concern to the industry and licensing authorities such as capping licence numbers, cross-border working, accessibility and disruptive technology.

Topic: Roads

Small claims for personal injuries including whiplash
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN04141
This Commons Library briefing paper considers the Government's proposals to reform the whiplash claims process and to increase the small claims track limit for personal injury claims
Statistics on the Size and Composition of the House of Lords: December 2017
Published Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0098
This briefing provides summary data on the size and composition of the House of Lords. The information is taken from the House of Lords registry database and is correct as at 11 December 2017.
Unemployment - International Comparisons: Key Economic Indicators
Published Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02800
Unemployment: International Comparisons: Data on harmonised unemployment rates for major international economies.
Air Pollution: Meeting Nitrogen Dioxide Targets
Published Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8179
Despite falling UK emissions of air pollutants, concerns remain about pollutants in urban areas in particular; their impacts on lifelong health; and the UK Government’s failure to meet legally binding EU air quality targets

Topics: Pollution, Roads

Average Earnings: Key Economic Indicators
Published Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02795
Average Earnings: Regularly updated data on average weekly earnings, including breakdowns by public and private sectors.
Employment - National: Key Economic Indicators
Published Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02796
A summary of the latest data on employment in the UK.
Unemployment - National: Key Economic Indicators
Published Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02797
Unemployment - national: data on International Labour Organisation unemployment, the headline measure of unemployment in the UK.

Topic: Unemployment

People claiming unemployment benefits by constituency, November 2017
Published Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8177
This paper provides figures for the number of people claiming unemployment benefits (the “claimant count”) by parliamentary constituency, as well as a summary of the latest labour market statistics for the UK as a whole.
Pre-pack administrations
Published Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN05035
This Commons briefing paper explains how pre-pack administrations work in practice under revised SIP 16; the recommendations of the Graham Review; and provides a summary of the measures introduced by the Small Business Enterprise and Employment Act 2015.

Topic: Insolvency

Regional and National Economic Indicators
Published Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06924
Data summarising the economic situation in the regions and countries of the UK

Displaying 1-20 out of 7421

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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