Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 260

Brexit: parliamentary scrutiny of UK replacement treaties
Published Friday, May 24, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8509
The UK is party to hundreds of international treaties with third states or organisations, many of them on trade, by virtue of its EU membership. To continue to benefit from the advantages of these agreements, the Government has been seeking to replace them in a UK bilateral context. The Government has prioritised trade agreements, but has also agreed replacement agreements covering aviation services and safety, and road transport, for example. But Parliament is not happy about the way the Government is carrying out this 'treaty continuity programme' and Committees in both Houses have called for a greater scrutiny role for Parliament in treaty-making processes. This paper looks at what has been going on and what Parliamentary Committees in both Houses have asked for. It includes a table showing where we are with these treaties so far and what sort of scrutiny they have undergone in their original form as EU treaties and currently as replacement treaties.
Sustaining the Soil Microbiome
Published Tuesday, May 21, 2019 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0601
The soil microbiome, communities of microorganisms in soils, underpin natural processes in soil habitats and are affected by environmental and land use change. This POSTnote gives an overview of the benefits provided by the soil microbiome, ways of assessing the soil microbiome, and measures to improve its condition.
Brexit statements
Published Tuesday, May 21, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8467
This paper provides links to a selection of statements both written and oral that have referenced Brexit in the title or in the statement since the EU referendum. This paper will be updated periodically.
Brexit debates 2019
Published Tuesday, May 21, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8489
This paper provides links to a selection of debates that have referenced Brexit in the title or during a debate in 2019. This paper will be updated periodically.
Brexit: a reading list of post-EU Referendum publications by Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies
Published Monday, May 20, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7912
This reading list brings together briefings on Brexit by the Parliamentary libraries and the Devolved Assembly research services with reports by Parliamentary and Devolved Assembly committees following the result of the EU Referendum on 23 June 2016.
Trophy Hunting
Published Tuesday, May 14, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7908
There is ongoing debate about trophy hunting, its contribution to wildlife conservation and links to wildlife trafficking. Those opposed to trophy hunting are calling for a ban on imports of hunting trophies into the UK.
Climate Change and Agriculture
Published Tuesday, May 7, 2019 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0600
Agriculture is highly vulnerable to climate change impacts, which has implications for food security. This POSTnote examines measures to reduce the impacts of food production and agricultural land use on climate change (mitigation) and to adapt agricultural land use to that change (adaptation).
Wild Salmon Stocks in the United Kingdom
Published Tuesday, May 7, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0048
This House of Lords Library Briefing Pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming debate on what assessment Her Majesty's Government have made of wild salmon stocks in the UK, in particular in Scotland, in the light of the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organisation year of the salmon.
The Wild Animals in Circuses (No 2) Bill
Published Friday, May 3, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN05992
There has been a long running campaign to ban the use of wild animals in travelling circuses. The Wild Animals in Circuses (No2) Bill will introduce a ban in England and will have its second reading on 7 May 2019. A ban already exists in Scotland and there are proposals for a ban in Wales.
Hedgerow Netting Petition
Published Thursday, May 2, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8558
A parliamentary petition calling on the Government to make 'netting' hedgerows to prevent birds from nesting a criminal offence had over 350,000 signatures by 2 May 2019.
Animal Experiment Statistics
Published Thursday, April 25, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02720
In 2017, there were 3.79 million procedures completed involving regulated living animals, which was the lowest annual number since 2010. This note summarises and analyses trends in data, including the growth of universities as the dominant seat of research on animals, the use of different species, and the decline of research for toxicological purposes.
Brexit: Proposals for the future UK-EU relationship
Published Thursday, April 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8483
The House of Commons has voted on various options for the future UK-EU relationship in the hope that an agreed UK position may help to break the impasse following the Commons' rejection of the UK-EU Withdrawal Agreement. The Government says it may hold a further Commons vote on future relationship options. What options have been proposed?
Brexit reading list: general coverage
Published Tuesday, April 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7958
This paper provides links to a selection of analysis and comment on general ‘Brexit’ coverage.
Party Policies on Europe at General Elections Since 1970
Published Monday, April 15, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0046
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides extracts from political party manifestos since 1970 charting the various positions taken on Europe over the last five decades.
The UK's EU Withdrawal Agreement
Published Thursday, April 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8453
This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister has promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. The Agreement has been debated at length in Parliament on several occasions and, with the Political Declaration on the future EU-UK relationship, has been put to the so-called 'meaningful vote' twice - in January and March 2019. But the House of Commons has not yet endorsed it and time is running out for UK approval before the default exit date of 29 March 2019.
Puppy Smuggling
Published Friday, March 29, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8539
There are ongoing animal health and welfare concerns about puppy smuggling into the UK using the EU Pets Travel Scheme as a cover for importing puppies of desirable breeds, often underage and bred in poor conditions.
European Union Committee Report: Brexit: Food Prices and Availability
Published Thursday, March 28, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0033
This House of Lords Library Briefing Pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming debate in the House of Lords on the report from the European Union Committee 'Brexit: food prices and availability'.
E-petitions relating to leaving the European Union
Published Thursday, March 28, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0077
A debate will be held in Westminster Hall on Monday 1 April 2019 at 4.30pm on e-petitions 241584, 235138 and 243319 relating to leaving the European Union. The Member leading the debate is Catherine McKinnell MP.
Tariffs: Theory and Practice
Published Wednesday, March 27, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0039
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides information on the use of tariffs in international trade.
Wildlife crime
Published Tuesday, March 19, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0070
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 20 March 2019 from 2.30-4pm on wildlife crime. The debate will be opened by Christian Matheson MP.

Displaying 1-20 out of 260

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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