Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

Find a briefing paper
  1. Close


    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
  2. Close


    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 73

Fly-tipping - the illegal dumping of waste
Published Monday, June 25, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN05672
This Commons Library briefing paper gives a general overview of the extent of the problem of fly-tipping in England and the powers and responsibilities of the Environment Agency, local authorities and landowners to deal with it. It also sets out recent Government actions to tackle it and proposals for reform.
Badger Culling in England
Published Thursday, April 12, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06837
The Government is committed to eradicating bovine TB and sees badger culling as central to this. Badger culling has taken place in England since 2011, firstly as pilots and then as a part of a wider bovine TB eradication strategy. Controlled shooting of badgers was trialed in Gloucestershire and Somerset in 2013 and 2014. In 2015, a badger cull continued in these two areas and was extended to a third area in Dorset. In 2016 the cull was extended to 7new areas, and 11 more were added in 2017.
Live Animal Exports
Published Wednesday, February 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8031
Live animals are exported to EU countries from the UK for breeding, fattening, and slaughter. EU rules to protect the welfare of live animals during transport and related operations were agreed in 2004, and implemented in the UK in 2007. However, there are a number of ongoing campaigns calling for a ban on live exports for slaughter, on welfare grounds. The UK vote to leave the EU has prompted renewed calls for such a ban.
25-year environment plan
Published Wednesday, January 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8196
The Government published its 25-year plan to improve the environment on 11 January 2018. This briefing paper provides an overview and background to the plan, picks out key themes and commitments, and provides a summary of stakeholder reaction.
Bovine TB and badger culling: devolved administrations
Published Wednesday, December 20, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8188
A summary of the approach to the control of bovine TB (bTB), including badger culling, in the devolved administrations.
Natural Environment and Animal Welfare
Published Thursday, November 30, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0088
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been written ahead of the debate in the House of Lords on 7 December 2017, that: “this House takes note of Her Majesty’s Government’s plans to improve the natural environment and animal welfare”.
Cornwall's dark sky status
Published Tuesday, November 28, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0241
This pack has been produced ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 29 November 2017 from 4.30-5.30 on Cornwall's dark sky status. The debate will be opened by Sheryll Murray MP.
Flood risk management and funding
Published Wednesday, November 22, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7514
This is a House of Commons Library Briefing Paper providing an overview of national flood defence spending; how flood defence funding works; and who manages flood risk in England. The possible impact of Brexit is also discussed.
Bovine Tuberculosis Statistics: Great Britain
Published Monday, October 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06081
In 2016 there were 4,505 new herd incidents of bovine tuberculosis (TB) in Great Britain, and 39,364 animals were slaughtered due to bovine TB. This briefing paper presents statistics on the incidence of bovine TB in Great Britain.
Glyphosate: Controversy surrounding the EU's re-approval of the pesticide
Published Wednesday, August 2, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8066
Glyphosate was re-approved for use in the EU in November 2017 and the legal act enabling this was adopted in December 2017. This approval was subject to delay as a range of scientific evidence was considered regarding potential health risks with fierce debate over a number of years.
Commons Library analysis: Bees and neonicotinoids
Published Thursday, July 20, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06656
This briefing concentrates on the interaction between bees and a group of insecticides - known as neonicotinoids - which have been in the spotlight after a number of studies yielded evidence (although much of that evidence is contested) of sub-lethal, harmful effects on bees. In July 2015, the UK Government granted an emergency authorisation for the use of restricted neonicotinoids on oil seed rape seeds in four English counties. Similar application for emergency authorisations for 2016 and 2017 were rejected.
Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture
Published Tuesday, July 4, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0557
Agricultural practices can reduce water quality, degrade soils and cause biodiversity loss. This in turn can disrupt natural processes that support food production. Environmentally sustainable agriculture seeks to reduce environmental damage and restore such processes. This POSTnote summarises associated land management options, agricultural policies and the constraints imposed by a new trading environment.
Security of UK Food Supply
Published Tuesday, July 4, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0556
This note outlines current UK trade in food and animal feed, examines the challenges raised to the security of UK food supply by withdrawal from the EU and analyses the policy options available for improving UK food security
Brexit: Agriculture and trade
Published Thursday, June 29, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7974
This paper looks at some the agricultural trade issues raised by Brexit.
Queen's Speech 2017 Day 2: Business, Economic Affairs, Transport, Energy, Environment and Agriculture
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0024
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming Queen’s Speech, which is due to take place on 21 June 2017. The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over five days between 22 and 29 June 2017. This briefing is one of five prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
Employment opportunities in food and farming
Published Monday, April 24, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0124
A debate, entitled "Employment opportunities in food and farming" and sponsored by Derek Thomas MP, will take place on Tuesday 25 April 2017 at 2.30pm in Westminster Hall.
E-petition 165672 relating to badger culling
Published Wednesday, March 22, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0075
This House of Commons Library Debate Pack has been prepared ahead of the Westminster Hall debate on E-petition 165672 on badger culling to be held on Monday 27 March at 4.30pm.
Commons Library analysis: Controversy around the EU's re-approval of the pesticide glyphosate
Published Friday, March 17, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7928
The House of Commons Library has published a briefing paper examining the recent history of the EU authorisation for glyphosate.

Displaying 1-20 out of 73

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords In Focus
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords Library notes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTnotes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTbriefs