Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

Find a briefing paper
  1. Close

    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
  2. Close

    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 30

Administrative Test Briefing
Published Tuesday, February 18, 2020 | Lords In Focus LIF-2019-0001
Test (18 February 2020) Minor Update Test 5.0-5.1

Topics: Regional planning and development, Church and state, Administration of justice, Adult education, Afghanistan, Africa, Age discrimination, Agriculture, Agriculture and environment, Alcoholism, Alternatives to prison, Ambulance services, Animal diseases, Animal experiments, Animal welfare, Animals, Anti-social behaviour, Armed forces, Armed forces welfare, Arms control, Art works, Arts, Asia, Asylum, Australasia, Aviation, Ballistic missile defence, Benefits administration, Benefits policy, Bereavement benefits, Biodiversity, Broadcasting, Burial and cremation, Buses, Business support, By-elections, Census, Central government, Charities, Child care, Child support, Children and families, Children's social services, Civil law, Civil partnerships, Civil Service, Climate change, Coal, Cohabitation, Common Agricultural Policy, Communicable diseases, Community care, Companies, Competition, Constitution, Construction industry, Consumers, Coroners, Countryside, Courts, Crime, Crimes of violence, Criminal law, Crown, Cultural heritage, Cycling, Data protection, Death, Defence equipment and procurement, Defence expenditure, Defence policy, Devolution, Disability discrimination, Diseases, Divorce, Drugs crimes, Drugs misuse, Eastern Europe, Economic and monetary union, Economic policy, Economic situation, Election expenditure, Election results : international, Election results : UK, Elections, Electoral franchise, Electoral register, Electoral systems, Electricity, Emergencies and disaster management, Emergency services, Employment, Employment schemes, Empty property, Energy, Energy conservation, Environmental protection, Equality, Ethnic groups, EU budget, EU Council of Ministers, EU defence policy, EU enlargement, EU external relations, EU grants and loans, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, EU political integration, Europe, European Commission, European Council, European Parliament, Falkland Islands, Family benefits, Family law, Farmers, Financial institutions, Financial services, Fire services, Firearms, Fisheries, Flooding, Food, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Forestry, Freedom of information, Fuel poverty, Funerals, Further education, Gambling, Gender recognition, General elections, Genetics, Health education and preventive medicine, Health finance, Health services, Health staff and professions, Hedges and ditches, Higher education, Homelessness, House of Commons, House of Lords, Housing, Housing adaptations, Housing benefits, Housing standards, Housing supply, Human rights, Immigration, Incomes and poverty, Industrial health and safety, Industrial relations, Industry, Information technology, Insolvency, Intellectual property, Intelligence services, International development, International economic relations, International law, International organisations, International politics and government, International trade, Internet and cybercrime, Iran, Iraq, Land law, Latin America, Legal aid, Legal profession, Legislative process, Leisure, Libraries, Licensing, Limitation of actions, Loans, Local authorities: education, Local government, Lord Speaker, Manufacturing industries, Marine environment, Marriage, Media, Medical ethics, Medicine, Members of Parliament, Members of the Lords, Mental health, Middle East, Military operations, Ministers, Mortgages, Motorcycles, Museums and galleries, National Assembly for Wales, National insurance, National Lottery, Nationality, NATO, Nature conservation, Non-departmental public bodies, North America, Northern Ireland Assembly, Nuclear power, Obesity, Offensive weapons, Ofsted, Oil, petrol and natural gas, Older people, Organic farming, Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Overcrowding, Overseas territories, Owner occupation, Parliament, Parliamentary procedure, Patient rights and complaints, Pay, Pensions, Performing arts, Personal injury, Planning, Police, Political parties, Pollution, Population, Postal services, Powers of attorney, Pre-school education, Press, Prisons, Privacy, Private rented housing, Public administration, Public expenditure, Public inquiries, Public order offences, Racial discrimination, Railways, Regeneration, Regional assemblies, Regional development agencies, Registration of births, deaths and marriages, Regulation, Religion and faith communities, Religious discrimination, Renewable energy, Research and innovation, Roads, Russia, Schools, Science, Scottish Parliament, Security industry, Service industries, Sex discrimination, Sexual offences, Shipping, Sickness, disability and carers' benefits, Small businesses, Small claims, Smoking, Social rented housing, Speaker, Special educational needs, Sports and Olympic Games, Standards, Statistics policy, Students, Supported housing, Sustainable development, Taxation, Teachers, Telecommunications, Terrorism, Tourism, Training, Unemployment, United Nations, Utilities, Vaccination, Veterans, Voluntary organisations, Waste management, Water, Water industry, Western Europe, Western European Union, Wildlife, Wills and intestacy, Working age benefits, World economy, Zimbabwe

Improved Early Years Interventions
Published Thursday, February 13, 2020 | Lords Library notes LLN-2020-0060
Evidence suggests early years interventions can be effective in improving children's life chances but there remain calls for a national strategy. This House of Lords Library briefing provides background information on this issue ahead of a debate on the subject scheduled to take place on 27 February 2020.
Child maintenance: enforcing payment of arrears (GB)
Published Tuesday, October 1, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7774
This House of Commons Library briefing paper looks at what steps can be taken by the Child Support Agency (CSA) and the Child Maintenance Service (CMS) when a non-resident parent (also referred to as a “paying parent”) fails to pay child maintenance on time and in full, and that as a consequence arrears build up. A link to the full report in pdf format can be found at the foot of this page.
Child maintenance: how it is calculated under the 2012 CMS scheme (UK excluding NI)
Published Monday, September 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7770
This House of Commons Library briefing note sets out how the Child Maintenance Service (CMS) calculates the amount of child maintenance payable under the 2012 statutory child maintenance scheme. A link to the full report in pdf format can be found at the bottom of this page.
Effectiveness of the child maintenance service
Published Monday, July 22, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0200
At 2.30 pm on 23 July 2019 there will be a Westminster Hall debate on the effectiveness of the child maintenance service. This debate will be led by Martyn Day MP
Funding of Public Services for Young Adults
Published Thursday, July 11, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0090
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 18 July 2019 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Baroness Massey of Darwen (Labour) to move “that this House takes note of the impact of, and response to, the funding levels of public services that interact with young adults”.
Child maintenance: draft Child Support (Miscellaneous Amendments) Regulations 2019 (GB)
Published Tuesday, June 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8588
This House of Commons Library briefing paper considers the draft Child Support (Miscellaneous Amendments) Regulations 2019, which are due to be considered on the Floor of the House on 11 June 2019.

Topic: Child support

Progress and outcomes of selected social care and child support policy changes and consultations
Published Monday, April 29, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8303
This House of Commons Library briefing paper considers the progress and also the recent outcomes of Government consultations and policy changes related to social care and child support. It provides summary information, including the original rationale for the consultation, the original date and (if applicable) revised date of publication, action etc., and the latest position; for some topics, links to separate Library briefing papers providing further information are included. A link to the full pdf version of the paper can be found at the foot of this page.
Child maintenance: variations, including the new notional income criterion (GB)
Published Friday, March 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7773
This House of Commons Library briefing note sets out the rules on variations under the “2012 scheme” administered by the Child Maintenance Service (CMS). From a policy standpoint, it compares the current variation rules to those for the legacy “2003 scheme”, and notes criticism of the changes and parliamentary debate of them. A link to the full report in pdf format can be found at the bottom of this page.
Child maintenance: the multi-billion pound write-off of arrears on Child Support Agency cases (GB)
Published Wednesday, March 6, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7776
This House of Commons Library briefing paper provides information on the new Government policy that brings some £3.7 billion of child maintenance arrears within scope of a new large scale write-off programme. A link to the full pdf copy of the note can be found at the foot of this page.

Topic: Child support

Child maintenance: income in the CMS formula (including why gross income is used, and annual reviews)
Published Wednesday, December 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7771
This House of Commons Library briefing paper sets out how the Child Maintenance Service (CMS) uses, collects and reviews the income of the non-resident parent under the 2012 statutory child maintenance scheme. A link to the full report in pdf format can be found at the bottom of this page.

Topic: Child support

Child maintenance: new steps to improve compliance and to allow arrears to be written off (UK excluding NI)
Published Thursday, August 9, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7778
This House of Commons Library briefing paper considers new measures confirmed in July 2018 to improve compliance and allow arrears to be written off for the statutory child maintenance scheme.
Child support: when a non-resident parent lives abroad - withdrawn
Published Wednesday, January 31, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN03405
Please note that this briefing paper has been withdrawn, and replaced by CBP7775, Child maintenance: cases when someone lives overseas (England & Wales).
Child maintenance: cases when someone lives overseas (England & Wales)
Published Wednesday, January 31, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7775
This House of Commons Library briefing paper considers child maintenance cases where a non-resident parent or person with care lives overseas. A link to the full report in pdf format can be found at the bottom of this page.
Sure Start (England)
Published Friday, June 9, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7257
The development and impact of the Sure Start early years programme since 1998, from the initial targeted, local partnership-run programmes through to universal local authority-run children's centres, to reforms introduced by the Coalition Government.
Child maintenance: inclusion of earnings from "special occupations" in the 2012 CMS scheme
Published Tuesday, March 14, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7772
This Commons Library research briefing provides information about changes to the treatment of earnings (for child maintenance purposes) from certain "special occupations", including reserve or territorial force members and local authority councillors.

Topic: Child support

Child maintenance: fees (UK excluding NI)
Published Tuesday, January 10, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7777
Fees are payable in respect of application, collection (if using "Collect and Pay") and enforcement under the current statutory child maintenance scheme administered by the CMS. This note sets out information on the fees and the policy background.

Topic: Child support

Children in care
Published Wednesday, January 6, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0002
There will be a Backbench Business Committee debate entitled, Children in care, in the Commons chamber on Thursday 7 January 2016, to be opened by Lucy Allan MP. This debate pack contains a background brief, press and parliamentary coverage and further reading.
Childcare Payments Bill (HL Bill 56 of 2014–15)
Published Wednesday, December 3, 2014 | Lords Library notes LLN-2014-042
This note provides an overview of the Childcare Payments Bill, and its passage through the House of Commons earlier this year, ahead of its second reading in the House of Lords on 9 December 2014.
Childcare Payments Bill
Published Thursday, November 6, 2014 | Commons Briefing papers RP14-59
This is a report of the House of Commons Committee Stage of the Childcare Payments Bill. The Bill would introduce a new tax-free childcare scheme to support eligible parents with childcare costs. Under the scheme, the Government would provide 20 per cent support on costs up to £10,000 per year for each child via an online account. The Government would top up any payments made into the account, capped at a maximum Government contribution of £2,000 a year for each child.

Displaying 1-20 out of 30

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords In Focus
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords Library notes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTnotes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTbriefs