Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 304

Four Seasons Health Care Group – financial difficulties and safeguards for clients
Published Tuesday, September 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8004
This House of Commons Library briefing paper explores the latest developments concerning the financial state of the Four Seasons Health Care Group – the UK’s second largest care home provider – and (for England) the regulatory oversight of strategically important social care providers and the temporary duty of local authorities to meet people’s needs when such a provider suffers business failure. A link to the full briefing paper in pdf format can be found at the foot of this page.
Income tax allowances for married couples
Published Monday, September 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN00870
In general married couples are taxed as individuals, though a minority of older couples & civil partners may still claim a 'married couple's allowance'. Since 6 April 2015 individuals have been entitled to transfer part of their personal tax allowance to their spouse or civil partner, if neither they nor their partner are higher rate taxpayers.

Topics: Marriage, Taxation

Unemployment by ethnic background
Published Thursday, September 5, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN06385
The unemployment rate is higher for people from a BAME background than from a White background, although the rate varies considerably by ethnic group. This short paper summarises trends in unemployment rates and looks at how rates vary by ethnicity, age and gender.
Poverty in the UK: statistics
Published Thursday, September 5, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN07096
This note sets out information on the levels and rates of poverty in the UK, including historical trends and forecasts for future years.
Household Debt: Key Economic Indicators
Published Monday, September 2, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02885
Household debt: Data on the latest household debt statistics, including net lending, mortgage interest rates and insolvencies.
Labour market statistics: UK regions and countries
Published Tuesday, August 20, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7950
This paper gives an overview of labour market statistics across the UK’s regions and countries. The spreadsheet published alongside this paper includes a ‘profile tool’ where you can select a region and see all data for that region presented in tables and charts.
Marriage of same sex couples: Northern Ireland
Published Thursday, August 15, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8646
This Commons Library briefing paper considers the current law relating to marriage of same sex couples in Northern Ireland and provisions in the Northern Ireland (Executive Formation etc) Act 2019
Adult social care: the Government’s ongoing policy review and anticipated Green Paper (England)
Published Wednesday, August 14, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8002
This House of Commons Library briefing paper considers the Government’s ongoing review of social care policy, in particular how it is funded by individuals and the public sector in England. The Government said in March 2017 it would publish a consultative Green Paper on this topic, but in July 2019 the Financial Times reported that the new Prime Minister may decide that a White Paper setting out the Government’s new policies should be published instead. A link to the full report in pdf format can be found at the bottom of this page.
"Common law marriage" and cohabitation
Published Tuesday, August 13, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN03372
This Commons Library briefing paper provides general information about how the law applies to cohabitants, the number of cohabiting couples, and about the Law Commission’s proposals for reform.
Food Banks in the UK
Published Tuesday, July 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8585
General debate on the role and sufficiency of youth services
Published Tuesday, July 23, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0201
In the Floor of the House on 24 July 2019 there will be a general debate on the role and sufficiency of youth services.
Pensions: civil partnerships and same sex marriages
Published Wednesday, July 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN03035
This note looks at the way in which forming a civil partnership affects rights to state, occupational and personal pensions and at the relevant provisions in the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013
Humanist marriage ceremonies
Published Tuesday, July 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN05864
This Commons Library briefing paper considers the status of humanist marriage ceremonies across the United Kingdom and calls for the law to be changed to allow humanist celebrants to conduct legal marriages
Bishop of Truro's Review on Persecution of Christians Overseas
Published Tuesday, July 16, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0198
A Backbench Business debate on the ‘Bishop of Truro's Review on Persecution of Christians Overseas’ has been scheduled for Thursday 18 July 2019 in the Main Chamber. The debate has been nominated by the Backbench Business Committee after a representation from Chris Philp MP, Fiona Bruce MP, Jim Shannon MP and David Linden MP.
Courts and Tribunals (Online Procedure) Bill 2017-19 [HL]
Published Friday, July 12, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8621
In early July the Courts and Tribunals (Online Procedure) Bill completed its passage through the House of Lords. The Bill provides a legislative framework for more court proceedings to be conducted by electronic means. The Bill's second reading is expected in the House of Commons on Tuesday 16 July.
Civil partnership for opposite sex couples
Published Thursday, July 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8609
This Commons Library briefing paper deals with the extension of eligibility to register a civil partnership to opposite sex couples
Commons Library analysis: Divorce, Dissolution and Separation Bill 2017-19
Published Wednesday, July 10, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8594
This Commons Library briefing paper deals with the Divorce, Dissolution and Separation Bill 2017-19 which would remove the legal requirement to make allegations about spousal conduct or to have lived separately for up to five years in order to divorce or dissolve a civil partnership

Topics: Divorce, Family law

Divorce, Dissolution and Separation Bill 2017-19: Committee Stage Report
Published Wednesday, July 10, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8618
This Commons Library briefing paper provides background information for Commons Report stage of the Divorce, Dissolution and Separation Bill 2017-19
Social care: paying for care home places and domiciliary care (England)
Published Monday, July 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN01911
This House of Commons Library briefing paper sets out how individuals are assessed for local authority funding support towards the costs of their social care for 2019/20. A link to the full report in pdf format can be found at the bottom of this page.
People of Faith: Persecution in the 21st Century
Published Thursday, July 4, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0087
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of a debate on the extent of persecution of people of faith due to take place in the House of Lords on 11 July 2019.

Displaying 1-20 out of 304

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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