Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 143

Transgender Prisoners
Published Wednesday, September 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7420
The Government published new guidelines on the treatment of transgender prisoners in England and Wales in 2016. This note looks at these, and at the position in Scotland and Northern Ireland.
Learning Disability
Published Tuesday, September 18, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN07058
House of Commons Library briefing on policies and services for people with a learning disability in England.
Blue Badges and parking for disabled people in England
Published Thursday, August 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN01360
This paper is chiefly concerned with the Blue Badge scheme; it also includes information on the provision of parking bays and on off-street parking for disabled people. The Blue Badge scheme is a devolved matter so this paper deals largely with England.

Topics: Equality, Roads

The Equality Act 2010: caste discrimination
Published Friday, August 3, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06862
This note provides an overview of the concept of caste, explains the existing law and sets out the background to the order-making power in the Equality Act 2010.
Disabled facilities grants for home adaptations
Published Sunday, July 22, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN03011
This briefing paper provides an overview of Disabled Facilities Grants (DFGs) and other help aimed at securing essential home adaptations.
Women in Parliament and Government
Published Friday, July 20, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN01250
A record 208 women MPs were elected to the House of Commons at General Election 2017, a record high of 32%. As of January 2018 there are 206 female peers, making up 26% of Members of the House of Lords. There are currently six women in Cabinet including the Prime Ministers, 26% of the total 23 permanent Cabinet posts.
An early history of British race relations legislation
Published Monday, July 9, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8360
This Library paper has been written to support the House of Commons ‘artist in residence’ project First Waves: Exploring the impact of race relations legislation in the UK. Scarlett Crawford has been commissioned by the Speaker’s Advisory Committee on Works of Art in the House of Commons to explore the impact of the 1965, 1968 and 1976 Race Relations Acts. This paper provides information on all three of these Acts. It explains their main provisions and looks at how they attempted to address racial discrimination in the UK.
Contracting out of probation services
Published Wednesday, July 4, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06894
This briefing paper charts the implementation of controversial reforms to the probation service. Most offenders are now supervised by Community Rehabilitation Companies, which are primarily led by private companies. A new public sector National Probation Service manages high risk offenders. So what's the verdict so far?
Biometric Technologies
Published Friday, June 29, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0578
Biometric technologies identify individuals based on their distinguishing physical and behavioural attributes, such as fingerprints, face, and voice. Unlike passwords or traditional identity documents, biometric attributes are inherently linked to a person and cannot usually be lost or forgotten, potentially providing greater security and convenience. This briefing focuses on how these technologies work, their applications, and the policy challenges raised by their use.
Age of Criminal Responsibility
Published Wednesday, June 27, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0577
A POSTnote that discusses the age of criminal responsibility and explores issues arising from international legal standards, the scientific research on children's mental and moral development, and alternative approaches to dealing with children in conflict with the law.
Disability in the UK: Rights and Policy
Published Thursday, June 21, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0071
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Baroness Thomas of Winchester (Liberal Democrat) on 28 June 2018 “that this House takes note of the different challenges facing disabled people in the United Kingdom in 2018”. It provides an overview of the legal framework governing disabled people’s rights in the UK both in domestic law, in the Equality Act 2010, and in international law, in the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities. It also examines some possible implications for disabled people of the UK’s exit from the European Union.
UN Committee report on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: debate on the Government's response
Published Thursday, June 14, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0148
There will be a Westminster Hall debate on the Government response to the report on the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities on 20 June 2018 at 9:30. The debate is will be opened by Rosie Duffield MP. This landing page provides background information in preparation for the debate.
European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: Summary of Lords Amendments
Published Friday, May 18, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0056
This House of Lords Library Briefing summarises amendments made to the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill in the House of Lords.
International Day against homophobia, transphobia and biphobia
Published Tuesday, May 15, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0122
A debate on the ‘International Day against homophobia, transphobia and biphobia’ has been scheduled for Thursday 17 May 2018 in the Main Chamber. The debate has been nominated by the Backbench Business Committee after a representation from Peter Kyle MP and Angela Eagle MP.
European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: Lords Report Stage
Published Monday, May 14, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0053
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of third reading in the House of Lords of the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill, on 16 May 2018. The Briefing summarises amendments made to the Bill at report stage.
Pensions: civil partnerships and same sex marriages
Published Friday, April 27, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN03035
This note looks at the way in which forming a civil partnership affects rights to state, occupational and personal pensions and at the relevant provisions in the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013
Work of the Ad Hoc Committees in 2015–16: House of Lords Equality Act 2010 and Disability Committee
Published Friday, April 20, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0042
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides information about the work of the House of Lords Equality Act 2010 and Disability Committee; its recommendations; the Government’s response; a summary of the debate held in the House of Lords; and subsequent developments.
Brexit: new guidelines on the framework for future EU-UK relations
Published Thursday, April 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8289
Brexit negotiations have resumed and this third phase will cover issues outstanding from the last phases - the Irish border in particular - and the framework for future EU-UK relations. This paper looks at how the EU and the UK envisage their relationship after Brexit.
Antisemitism
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0095
General debate on antisemitism
European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: Lords Committee Stage
Published Thursday, April 12, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0038
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of report stage in the House of Lords of the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill, which starts on 18 April 2018. It summarises areas of the Bill at which the Government indicated during committee proceedings it would look again.

Displaying 1-20 out of 143

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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