Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 27

Developing Non-Academic Skills
Published Wednesday, August 22, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0583
Non-academic skills exist alongside academic knowledge and abilities, and can include empathy, communication, and resilience. They have also been called 'life', 'non-cognitive' or 'essential' skills. Non-academic skills are associated with a range of positive outcomes across education, work, health and wellbeing, such as higher academic attainment, improved employability, and better physical and mental health. This POSTnote reviews evidence on the outcomes associated with non-academic skills and effective educational approaches to developing these skills in and out of the school environment.
Sexual harassment in education
Published Thursday, August 2, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8117
Concerns have been raised about sexual harassment in all stages of education. This paper provides information on the requirements on schools, colleges and universities, and relevant recent developments.
Debate on spending of the Department for Education
Published Friday, June 29, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0167
This Debate Pack provides background on Department for Education spending. It covers spending on schools, further and higher education.
Part-time and Continuing Education
Published Thursday, June 28, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0074
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on the motion scheduled to be moved by Baroness Bakewell (Labour) on 5 July 2018 “that this House takes note of part-time and continuing education, and in particular the future of the Open University".
Review of Post-18 Education and Funding
Published Wednesday, June 27, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8239
On 19 February 2018, the Prime Minister, Theresa May, announced in a speech that there would be a “wide-ranging review into post-18 education” led by Philip Augar. The review is to look at how future students will contribute to the cost of their studies, including “the level, terms and duration of their contribution.” The Prime Minister discounted the idea of moving back to a fully taxpayer funded system. It is expected that the review will report in early 2019.
Adult further education funding in England since 2010
Published Wednesday, June 13, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7708
This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper provides a summary of how funding for adult further education (including apprenticeships) in England has changed since 2010.
T Levels: Reforms to Technical Education
Published Wednesday, May 30, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7951
This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper provides an overview of proposals to reform the system of technical education in England, including the introduction of T Levels.
Further Education: Post-16 Area Reviews
Published Monday, May 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7357
This House of Commons Library briefing provides information on the area reviews of post-16 education and training which were conducted between September 2015 and March 2017.
Adult ESOL in England
Published Wednesday, April 25, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7905
This briefing provides information on English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) for learners aged 19 and over in England, including current current provision and funding, past funding changes, and recent reports. It also provides information on the Government's community-based English language programmes.
English language teaching for refugees
Published Monday, October 23, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0195
This House of Commons Library Debate Pack briefing has been prepared in anticipation of the debate entitled "English language teaching for refugees". This debate is sponsored by Dame Caroline Spelman MP and will take place at Westminster Hall on Tuesday 24th October at 4.30pm, lasting for 90 minutes.
Globalisation, Technology and Demographic Change and the Future of Work
Published Friday, October 6, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0066
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of globalisation, technology and demography and some of the ways in which they affect work and employment in the UK. It then summarises some relevant public policy proposals and suggests material for further reading.
Digital Skills in the United Kingdom
Published Thursday, August 10, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0051
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of a debate scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 7 September 2017 about the importance of digital understanding at all levels of society. It provides an overview of what is meant by ‘digital skills’ and surveys recent literature on access to, and use of, the internet across society. It then considers digital skills in relation to the economy and sets out key proposals contained in the Government’s UK Digital Strategy 2017. It concludes with an exploration of the term ‘digital understanding’ and highlights recent Ofcom findings on adults’ media use and attitudes.
Online Information and Fake News
Published Wednesday, July 12, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0559
Internet search engines and social media platforms are an increasingly popular way of accessing news and information. In 2017, the proportion of UK adults consuming news online exceeded those who watched news on TV (74% versus 69%). This note considers how people access news online, how algorithms (sequences of instructions) and social networks influence the content that users see, and options for mitigating any negative impact.
Global Education Before the G20 Summit
Published Wednesday, July 5, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0132
This Debate Pack has been prepared for the Westminster Hall debate on ‘Global education before the G20 Summit', to be held in Westminster Hall on Thursday 6 July 2017, from 1.30pm to 3.00pm, initiated by Stephen Twigg MP.
Technical and Further Education Bill: Committee Stage Report
Published Tuesday, December 20, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7782
This Briefing Paper provides information on the Technical and Further Education Bill's progress in Public Bill Committee. It summarises Government amendments to the Bill and discussion on the Opposition's attempts to amend the Bill.
Technical and Further Education Bill [Bill No 82 of 2016-17]
Published Wednesday, November 9, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7752
The Technical and Further Education Bill 2016-17 sets out provisions to improve the quality of technical education (TE), address skill shortages and support the Government’s social mobility agenda. The Bill's proposals will: rename the Institute for Apprenticeships the "Institute for Apprenticeships and Technical Education" and extend its remit to cover technical education, create an insolvency framework for FE corporations and sixth form colleges and extend the statutory duty to provide information on FE to cover providers of FE who receive funding from the combined authorities. The Bill implements recommendations from the Government's Post-16 Skills Plan and the consultation on developing new insolvency regime for the FE sector.
Immigration Bill 2015-16: Lords amendments and ping-pong stages
Published Wednesday, May 4, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7558
The Immigration Bill 2015-16 is currently in ping-pong stage. This Commons Library briefing paper gives an overview of the latest developments with the Bill.
Constituency Casework: Training
Published Monday, March 7, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN05444
This note provides Members of Parliament and their staff with information related to frequently asked questions from constituents about training.
Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015: a summary
Published Monday, November 30, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7401
Updated analysis of the Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015.
Trends in ICT
Published Monday, October 19, 2015 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0510
This note looks at developments in information and communication technology (ICT) and their relevance for UK policy in the next five years. It examines the capability, use and economic impact of ICT; technical barriers; and implications for cybersecurity, privacy and internet governance.

Displaying 1-20 out of 27

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House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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