Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

Find a briefing paper
  1. Close


    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
  2. Close


    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 41

Climate Change and Fisheries
Published Thursday, June 27, 2019 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0604
Fishing is dependent on marine food webs that are sensitive to overexploitation and climate change. This POSTnote focuses on marine fisheries, including wild capture and farming (aquaculture) of fin- and shellfish, and their processing. It summarises impacts on oceans and fisheries of changes including ocean warming, acidification, deoxygenation and storms, and explores how fisheries may adapt.
Developments in Wind Power
Published Thursday, May 23, 2019 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0602
UK power generation from wind has increased in recent years due to sharp reductions in the costs of constructing and operating wind power facilities. Onshore wind power provides the cheapest electricity of any form of new generation built, and offshore is expected to continue to reduce in cost. Generating wind power does not emit greenhouse gases, hence future growth will help the UK meet its GHG emissions reduction targets. This POSTnote examines the innovations that have enabled wind power cost reductions, associated policy considerations and challenges for future deployment.
Wild Salmon Stocks in the United Kingdom
Published Tuesday, May 7, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0048
This House of Lords Library Briefing Pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming debate on what assessment Her Majesty's Government have made of wild salmon stocks in the UK, in particular in Scotland, in the light of the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organisation year of the salmon.
The Fisheries Bill 2017-19
Published Thursday, April 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8442
Committee stage of the Fisheries Bill 2017-19 in the House of Commons was completed on 17 December 2018. The Bill will allow the UK to manage fisheries within its territorial waters once it has left the Commons Fisheries Policy. There is no date set for Report.
Fisheries and Brexit
Published Wednesday, March 6, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8396
Following Brexit, the UK will no longer be part of the EU Common Fisheries Policy. It will become an independent coastal state and be fully responsible for managing fisheries in the UK’s Exclusive Economic Zone of 200 miles.
Limiting Global Warming to 1.5°C
Published Monday, February 11, 2019 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0594
Under the Paris Agreement, almost all governments worldwide have agreed to collectively limit global warming to 'well below' 2°C above pre-industrial temperatures, and to 'pursue efforts' to limit this warming to 1.5°C. However, there has been 1°C of warming to date, and current international pledges could result in 3°C or more. A 2018 UN Special Report examined how peak global warming could be limited to 1.5°C above pre-industrial temperatures, and the implications of doing so. This POSTnote outlines key messages from the UN Special Report, and UK responses to preventing and adapting to climate change.
Fisheries Management in the UK
Published Wednesday, December 5, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8457
The UK is in the process of negotiating its exit from the EU, and as part of that the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). This paper provides an overview of how fisheries are currently managed in the UK within the CFP.
Plastic Pollution and Recycling
Published Thursday, November 8, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0116
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 19 December 2018 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Baroness Neville-Rolfe (Conservative), “that this House takes note of the threat of plastic to the environment and the case for improved recycling”.
Tidal lagoons
Published Tuesday, June 26, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7940
This Commons Library briefing provides an overview of the potential UK wave and tidal resource and the Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon project.
Government policy on reducing plastic waste in the maritime environment
Published Tuesday, May 1, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0107
MPs will debate Government policy on reducing plastic waste in the maritime environment on Wednesday 2 May 2018 in Westminster Hall between 2.30 and 4pm. The debate will be led by Mr Alistair Carmichael MP
UK Fisheries Management
Published Wednesday, February 21, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0572
Following EU withdrawal the UK will have full responsibility for fisheries policy and management within its waters. This POSTnote summarises the science used to inform management, current approaches to EU fisheries, and challenges and opportunities for future UK fisheries management
Environmental Earth Observation
Published Wednesday, November 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0566
Earth observation (EO) is the process of gathering information about the Earth from a range of sensors to provide monitoring data at a range of scales. This POSTnote outlines some of the environmental uses and benefits of EO data, the potential opportunities from advances in relevant technologies and challenges facing the effective use of EO data.
UK's role in degradation of the marine environment
Published Tuesday, November 14, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0225
MPs will debate the UK's role in degradation of the marine environment from 2.30 to 4pm on Tuesday 14 November 2017. The debate will take place in Westminster Hall and be led by Barry Sheerman MP.
Impact of Air and Water Pollution on the Environment and Public Health
Published Monday, October 23, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0073
This Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 26 October 2017 on the impact of air and water pollution on the environment and public health.
UK offshore oil and gas industry
Published Wednesday, March 29, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7268
This Commons Library briefing paper provides a summary of the state of the UK offshore oil and gas industries and outlines the industry, the regulatory framework and key challenges for the industry.
Seagulls in coastal towns and cities
Published Friday, February 3, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0044
This Commons Library debate pack has been produced ahead of the debate on seagulls in coastal towns and cities. The debate will be in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 7 February 2017, 2.30-4pm. The Member in charge is Oliver Colvile MP. Debate packs are intended to provide useful information for Members, including press and parliamentary material, on issues relating to the debate.
Microbeads and microplastics in cosmetic and personal care products
Published Wednesday, January 4, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7510
This Commons Library briefing paper examines the use of microplastics and microbeads and plans to ban their use in the UK. It also discusses their possible impacts on the environment and human health.
Global Biodiversity
Published Friday, October 28, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0198
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on global biodiversity, to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 1 November 2016 at 2.30pm. The Member in charge of this debate is Dame Caroline Spelman MP.
Marine Microplastic Pollution
Published Sunday, June 5, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0528
Plastic pollution is accumulating rapidly in the world’s oceans. The potential effects of microplastics on the environment and human health are an area of active research. This POSTnote summarises their sources and spread, the evidence that they present a risk and possible strategies to reduce plastic pollution.
Debate Pack: Conservation of sea bass
Published Wednesday, February 10, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0042
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on Conservation of sea bass and the effect of related EU measures on the UK recreational fishing industry to take place in the Commons Chamber on Thursday 11 February 2016. The subject for the debate has been chosen by the Backbench Business Committee and will be on the motion 'That this House believes that the recent EU restrictions on recreational sea bass fishing are unfair and fail to address the real threat to the future viability of UK sea bass stocks; and calls on the Government to make representations within the Council of the EU on the reconsideration of the imposition of those restrictions.'

Displaying 1-20 out of 41

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords In Focus
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords Library notes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTnotes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTbriefs