Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 44

Persistent Chemical Pollutants
Published Wednesday, July 4, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0579
A legacy of persistent pollutants is widely distributed in the environment, increasing the potential for exposure of wildlife and humans. This POSTnote sets out the challenge this posed for regulators, current regulatory approaches and some of the emerging issues.
The Ivory Bill
Published Thursday, June 28, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7875
This Commons Briefing Paper on the Ivory Bill covers the Government proposal to ban the commercial use of elephant ivory, with some exceptions. It also include background information on the ivory trade, its impact on wild elephant populations and international efforts to address this. The Bill has its Report Stage in the House of Commons on 4 July 2018.
Bat Habitats Regulation Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Tuesday, April 17, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0039
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Bat Habitats Regulation Bill [HL] on 27 April 2018.

Topic: Wildlife

Badger Culling in England
Published Thursday, April 12, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06837
The Government is committed to eradicating bovine TB and sees badger culling as central to this. Badger culling has taken place in England since 2011, firstly as pilots and then as a part of a wider bovine TB eradication strategy. Controlled shooting of badgers was trialed in Gloucestershire and Somerset in 2013 and 2014. In 2015, a badger cull continued in these two areas and was extended to a third area in Dorset. In 2016 the cull was extended to 7new areas, and 11 more were added in 2017.
Anti-corruption strategy and the illegal wildlife trade
Published Monday, February 26, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0048
A Westminster Hall debate on the 'Anti-corruption strategy and the illegal wildlife trade' is scheduled for Wednesday 28 February 2018 from 2.30-4.00pm. The Member initiating the debate is Dr Rupa Huq MP.
Bovine Tuberculosis Statistics: Great Britain
Published Monday, October 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06081
In 2016 there were 4,505 new herd incidents of bovine tuberculosis (TB) in Great Britain, and 39,364 animals were slaughtered due to bovine TB. This briefing paper presents statistics on the incidence of bovine TB in Great Britain.
Urban Green Infrastructure and Ecosystem Services
Published Tuesday, July 18, 2017 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0026
This brief provides an overview of the ecosystem service contributions of urban biodiversity and green infrastructure and the challenges for improving their provision - complementing POSTnote 538 on Green Space and Health.
E-petition 165672 relating to badger culling
Published Wednesday, March 22, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0075
This House of Commons Library Debate Pack has been prepared ahead of the Westminster Hall debate on E-petition 165672 on badger culling to be held on Monday 27 March at 4.30pm.
Dog Fouling
Published Friday, March 10, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0081
This Commons Library debate pack has been prepared ahead of the Westminster Hall debate, scheduled for Tuesday 14 March 2017 at 430-530pm. It provides background information on the legislation, guidance and attempts to tackle the issue of dog fouling in the UK.
Trophy Hunting: UK and international policy
Published Thursday, February 23, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7908
This Commons Library Briefing Paper looks at the issues surrounding trophy hunting, particularly the sport of hunting lions. It examines the impacts of this industry on biodiversity and asks whether it can contribute positively to conservation.
Seagulls in coastal towns and cities
Published Friday, February 3, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0044
This Commons Library debate pack has been produced ahead of the debate on seagulls in coastal towns and cities. The debate will be in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 7 February 2017, 2.30-4pm. The Member in charge is Oliver Colvile MP. Debate packs are intended to provide useful information for Members, including press and parliamentary material, on issues relating to the debate.
Environmental Crime
Published Tuesday, January 31, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0547
Environmental crime is generally used to describe any illegal activity that harms the environment. It can also have serious human health and social impacts. This POSTnote outlines the different types of environmental crime and options for tackling them.
Global Biodiversity
Published Friday, October 28, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0198
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate on global biodiversity, to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 1 November 2016 at 2.30pm. The Member in charge of this debate is Dame Caroline Spelman MP.
Driven grouse shooting
Published Thursday, October 27, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0191
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Monday 31 October 2016 to consider e-petitions 125003 (Ban driven grouse shooting) and 164851 (Protect grouse moors and grouse shooting) relating to driven grouse shooting. The subject for the debate has been selected by the Petitions Committee.
Grouse shooting
Published Thursday, October 27, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7709
Grouse shooting takes place on moorlands managed for the birds. The Government believes that grouse shooting makes a significant economic, social and environmental contribution. However, others are concerned that grouse moor management is leading to environmental damage and the illegal killing of birds of prey. Two public petitions have been launched on this matter, on both sides of the argument. The Petitions Committee took evidence from witnesses on 18 October 2016, and a debate is scheduled for 31 October 2016.
Rewilding and Ecosystem Services
Published Thursday, September 29, 2016 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0537
This POSTnote explores the consequences of increasing the role of natural processes within landscapes. Evidence from the UK and abroad suggests that rewilding can benefit both wildlife and local people, but animal reintroductions could adversely affect some land-users.
Queen's Speech 2016 Day 4: Economic Affairs, Energy, Environment, Local Government and Transport
Published Thursday, May 12, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0025
The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over four days between 19 and 25 May 2016. This briefing is one of four prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
Marine Conservation Zones in England
Published Friday, July 17, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06129
Marine Conservation Zones are being introduced to protect nationally important marine environments. 127 sites were put forward by regional stakeholder groups, and the Government designated 27 sites in 2013. The Government consulted on a second tranche of MCZs early in 2015. It is expected that the Government will announce a third tranche of candidate MCZ sites in 2016.
Amending The Hunting Act 2004
Published Monday, July 13, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers SN06853
Hunting with dogs was banned in England in 2004 under The Hunting Act. In July 2015 the Government announced that it intended to amend the legislation to amend the legislation.
Biodiversity Auditing
Published Thursday, March 26, 2015 | POSTnotes POST-PN-490
Biodiversity supports the ecosystem services humans rely on for well-being and economic resources. Areas that have had an audit can make more effective use of ecological data to meet planning and conservation objectives for biodiversity. This POSTnote summarises the data sources used and the advantages of the audit approach for addressing biodiversity loss.

Displaying 1-20 out of 44

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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