Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 551

EU assurances to the UK on Brexit
Published Wednesday, January 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8474
The EU and UK negotiators agreed the texts of a Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration on a framework for a future EU-UK relationship, and the time came for the UK Parliament to vote on it. But on 15 January Parliament rejected the two documents by 230 votes. The EU has said there will be no renegotiating the texts but has offered assurances on the intention that the backstop arrangement to prevent a hard Irish border would be temporary if it had to be introduced. This paper looks at what the EU has offered by way of 'clarifications' and 'assurances' on the backstop and whether the EU would offer an extension to Article. 50 might .
Brexit timeline: events leading to the UK’s exit from the European Union
Published Wednesday, January 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7960
This paper provides a timeline of the major events leading up to the EU referendum and subsequent dates of note, looking ahead to expected events as the UK and EU negotiate the UK's exit.
Legislation to Enable a Further Referendum on Brexit
Published Friday, January 11, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0006
This Briefing Pack contains a selection of material relevant for the forthcoming question for short debate on what legislation is necessary to enable a further referendum on the United Kingdom’s membership of the European Union to take place in 2019.
E-petitions 229963, 221747 and 235185, relating to leaving the EU without a withdrawal agreement, 232984 and 241361 relating to holding a further referendum on leaving the EU, and 226509 and 236261 relating to not leaving the EU
Published Thursday, January 10, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0002
A debate will be held in Westminster Hall on Monday 14 January at 4.30pm on e-petitions 229963, 221747 and 235185, relating to leaving the EU without a withdrawal agreement, 232984 and 241361 relating to holding a further referendum on leaving the EU, and 226509 and 236261 relating to not leaving the EU. Paul Scully MP will open the debate.
European Union Committee Report: Brexit: Will Consumers Be Protected?
Published Wednesday, January 9, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0004
This House of Lords Library briefing pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming debate on the report from the European Union Committee, Brexit: Will Consumers Be Protected?
European Union Committee Report: Brexit: The Proposed UK-EU Security Treaty
Published Wednesday, January 9, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0003
This House of Lords Library briefing pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming debate on the report from the European Union Committee, Brexit: The Proposed UK-EU Security Treaty.
Brexit statements
Published Tuesday, January 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8467
This paper provides links to a selection of statements both written and oral that have referenced Brexit in the title or in the statement since the EU referendum. This paper will be updated periodically.
Brexit reading list: general coverage
Published Tuesday, January 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7958
This paper provides links to a selection of analysis and comment on general ‘Brexit’ coverage.
Brexit debates 2018
Published Monday, January 7, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8246
This paper provides links to a selection of debates that have referenced Brexit in the title or during a debate in 2018. This paper will be updated periodically.
The Western Balkans
Published Monday, January 7, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0002
This House of Lords Briefing pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming debate on developments in the Western Balkans and the threat posed by instability and insecurity in that region.
Withdrawal Agreement: Section 13(1)(c) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018
Published Friday, January 4, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0002
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on 9, 10 and, provisionally, 14 January 2019 on "Further debate, for the purposes of section 13(1)(c) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, taking note of the negotiated withdrawal agreement and the framework for the future relationship".
What if there's no Brexit deal?
Published Friday, December 28, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8397
What could happen if the EU and UK negotiators don't agree a withdrawal agreement in time and the UK has to leave the EU on 29 March 2019 without one - and with no framework for future relations either? This paper looks at how such a situation might come about, the constitutional implications for the UK and the devolved administrations, and what the impact might be in a range of policy areas.
UK aid: frequently asked questions
Published Friday, December 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7996
What is aid? What is the UN 0.7% aid target and why has the UK adopted it? Which government departments spend UK aid? What impact does UK aid have? What will be the impact of Brexit on UK aid? These and other questions are answered in an accessible way in this briefing paper.
The European Economic Area
Published Friday, December 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8129
This briefing paper outlines the institutional structure of the EEA, its pros and cons and the debate over withdrawal from the EEA.
Could the Withdrawal Agreement be terminated under international law?
Published Friday, December 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8463
Could the UK unilaterally terminate the Withdrawal Agreement under international law if the Irish backstop, which the Agreement says is intended to be temporary, became permanent? An amendment from Sir Edward Leigh to the Government’s motion on approving the Withdrawal Agreement called for an assurance from the Government that it would terminate the Withdrawal Agreement if the EU refused to agree to removing the backstop at the end of 2021. This note looks at provisions in the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties for terminating and denouncing treaties and arguments about whether these might apply in this particular case.
Brexit: devolved legislature business
Published Wednesday, December 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7815
This paper is a record of Brexit-related business in the devolved legislatures. It is updated every Monday when the legislatures are in session.
EU Defence: the realisation of Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO)
Published Tuesday, December 18, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8149
In November 2017, 23 EU Member States submitted a Joint Notification to the EU Council of Ministers setting out their intention to utilise the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) mechanism to further European defence (CSDP). Ireland and Portugal subsequently joined in early December and a Decision formally launching PESCO was adopted on 11 December 2017. The first 17 capability projects were formally launched in March 2018, with a second tranche agreed in November 2018. The UK did not sign the Joint Notification and will, therefore, remain outside of PESCO. In doing so, the UK will have no decision making rights over its governance or veto over its future strategic direction.
World Trade in 2018: the US and the WTO
Published Thursday, December 13, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8465
What is happening in the World Trade Organization in 2018, and how does this relate to the current US administration's trade policy? This briefing paper explores these two issues, and considers what consequences they might have for a post-Brexit UK.
Adjournment of the House of Lords Debate on the Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration
Published Tuesday, December 11, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0139
On 10 December 2018, the House of Lords adjourned the debate it was holding on the withdrawal agreement and political declaration agreed by the Government and the EU during the Brexit negotiations. This Lords Library briefing summarises recent developments which may influence when the Lords has the opportunity to debate this matter again.

Displaying 1-20 out of 551

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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