Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

Find a briefing paper
  1. Close


    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
  2. Close


    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 54

Brexit debates 2018
Published Monday, September 24, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8246
This paper provides links to a selection of debates that have referenced Brexit in the title or during a debate in 2018. This paper will be updated periodically.
Brexit reading list: general coverage
Published Tuesday, September 18, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7958
This paper provides links to a selection of analysis and comment on general ‘Brexit’ coverage.
What if there's no Brexit deal?
Published Monday, September 10, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8397
What could happen if the EU and UK negotiators don't agree a withdrawal agreement in time and the UK has to leave the EU on 29 March 2019 without one - and with no framework for future relations either? This paper looks at how such a situation might come about, the constitutional implications for the UK and the devolved administrations, and what the impact might be in a range of policy areas.
A guide to the EU budget
Published Friday, September 7, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06455
This note considers the EU's spending and how it is financed.

Topic: EU budget

The Brexit White Paper on future relations and alternative proposals
Published Tuesday, August 28, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8387
The Government published its White Paper on future relations between the UK and the EU on 12 July. It envisages a 'common rulebook' to facilitate 'frictionless' trade, and among other things, UK cooperation in security matters, a commitment to maintain high environmental, data and consumer protection standards, UK participation in some EU agencies and solutions to the Irish border issues - all underpinned by a new governance structure that will pay "due regard" to the EU Court. Would the White Paper proposals work and do they respect both UK sovereignty and the indivisibility of the EU Single Market? David Davis's 'alternative' white paper proposes a somewhat different future relationship. This paper looks at proposals in both documents.
Brexit: the exit bill
Published Monday, July 30, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8039
The UK and EU have reached a political agreement on how to settle their financial commitments to each other after Brexit. Broadly speaking, the obligations arose largely as a consequence of the UK participating in the EU Budget, and also commitments related to broader aspects of the UK’s membership of the EU. The media have labelled this as an ‘exit bill’ or ‘divorce bill’, the EU see it as a matter of ‘settling the accounts’.
Brexit reading list: economic, business and transport policy issues
Published Monday, July 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7830
The Commons Library has compiled, from a wide range of sources, a selection of analysis and comment relevant to the UK's forthcoming withdrawal from the European Union.
The new Italian Government
Published Friday, June 29, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8357
A new populist Italian government took office at the beginning of June 2018. International attention has focused on the government's refusal to allow migrant rescue boats to dock in Italy, and the combative approach of the new Interior Minister Matteo Salvini. The governing parties have been critical of the EU, and of the impact of the euro in particular, and the government has demanded a new approach from the EU on asylum and migration policy.
UK aid: frequently asked questions
Published Wednesday, May 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7996
What is aid? What is the UN 0.7% aid target and why has the UK adopted it? Which government departments spend UK aid? What impact does UK aid have? What will be the impact of Brexit on UK aid? These and other questions are answered in an accessible way in this briefing paper.
Brexit: new guidelines on the framework for future EU-UK relations
Published Thursday, April 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8289
Brexit negotiations have resumed and this third phase will cover issues outstanding from the last phases - the Irish border in particular - and the framework for future EU-UK relations. This paper looks at how the EU and the UK envisage their relationship after Brexit.
Brexit: the draft withdrawal agreement
Published Monday, March 26, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8269
The Commission published a draft legal text of the withdrawal agreement in February 2018 and an updated draft on 15 March. On 19 March a third text was published which showed where there is full agreement between the EU and the UK, where there is agreement in principle and where there is no agreement. This paper looks at the recent draft, making reference to earlier drafts where relevant.
The UK's contribution to the EU budget
Published Friday, March 23, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7886
This note considers how much the UK contributes to the EU budget and how much it receives back. Potential payments to the EU on or after Brexit - such as the exit bill - are also discussed.
The European Free Trade Association
Published Friday, February 2, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0031
On 8 February 2018, there will be a Westminster Hall debate at 9:30am on the European Free Trade Association. The debate is sponsored by Stephen Hammond MP.
Brexit: UK Funding from the EU
Published Wednesday, January 10, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7847
This Commons Library briefing looks at the funding received by the UK from EU institutions and considers the implications of Brexit on the EU as a source of funding for regional development, agriculture support, research and innovation and other areas.
Brexit debates: June 2016 - December 2017
Published Tuesday, December 19, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8131
This paper provides links to a selection of debates that have referenced Brexit in the title or during a debate since the EU referendum in June 2016.
Brexit: 'sufficient progress' to move to phase 2
Published Tuesday, December 19, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8183
This paper looks at the path towards 'sufficient progress' in the first phase of Brexit negotiations and the Joint Report agreed by the UK Government and the EU. It focuses on the three priority areas: citizens' rights, the financial settlement and the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. The paper also looks at other recent developments and parliamentary consideration of Brexit.
EU (Withdrawal) Bill: Financial provision and fees and charges
Published Friday, December 1, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8165
This Commons Library briefing paper has been prepared for day 5 of the Committee Stage of the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill (the EUW Bill) in the House of Commons. It discusses clause 12 and Schedule 4 of the Bill. The Library briefing 'The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: Devolution', covers clause 10 and Schedule 2, which are also due to be debated on day five.
Brexit: the November negotiations
Published Friday, November 24, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8159
Was progress made in the sixth round of Brexit negotiations? This paper looks at what happened in the latest round of talks in each of the priority areas and at other developments linked to Brexit in the UK and the EU.
Brexit: the October negotiations
Published Friday, October 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8125
What happened in round five of the Brexit negotiations - the last scheduled round in phase one? Did the EU negotiator, Michel Barnier, and the other 27 EU Member State leaders think "sufficient progress" had been made in the priority areas to move on to a discussion of the UK's future relations with the EU? And what about a transition period or the possibility of a 'no deal' scenario? Has the Government planned for this? This note looks at what happened in the October round and other Brexit issues.

Displaying 1-20 out of 54

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords In Focus
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords Library notes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTnotes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTbriefs