Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 439

Developments in Wind Power
Published Thursday, May 23, 2019 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0602
UK power generation from wind has increased in recent years due to sharp reductions in the costs of constructing and operating wind power facilities. Onshore wind power provides the cheapest electricity of any form of new generation built, and offshore is expected to continue to reduce in cost. Generating wind power does not emit greenhouse gases, hence future growth will help the UK meet its GHG emissions reduction targets. This POSTnote examines the innovations that have enabled wind power cost reductions, associated policy considerations and challenges for future deployment.
House prices (UK): Social Indicators page
Published Thursday, May 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02645
Trends in house prices and affordability in the UK.
Housing Market: Key Economic Indicators
Published Wednesday, May 22, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02820
Housing market: Data on house prices, mortgage approvals and house-building.
Building Regulations and Safety: Review and Reforms
Published Wednesday, May 22, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8482
This briefing contains a short overview of the building regulation and fire safety review and proposed reforms following the Grenfell Fire.

Topics: Housing, Planning

Universal Credit and Debt
Published Tuesday, May 21, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0131
On 5 June 2019 there will be a Westminster Hall debate regarding universal credit and debt. The debate will be led by Ruth George MP.
What is affordable housing?
Published Monday, May 20, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7747
This briefing paper considers how affordable housing is defined in England and looks at key trends in the affordability of different tenure types. It examines the supply of affordable housing and the role of Housing Benefit in enabling households to access and retain affordable housing.
Permitted Development Rights
Published Friday, May 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN00485
Permitted development rights allow changes to be made to buildings and use of land without needing planning permission. This briefing outlines changes to PDRs already made and others that have recently been announced. It applies to England only.

Topic: Planning

Stimulating housing supply - Government initiatives (England)
Published Wednesday, May 15, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN06416
This briefing paper summarises key Government initiatives aimed at increasing housing supply in England since 2015. The paper makes reference to planning measures but does not cover them in any detail.
Leasehold high-rise flats: who pays for fire safety work?
Published Tuesday, May 14, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8244
This paper considers the debate about who is responsible for paying for fire safety works on blocks of flats in the wake of the Grenfell Tower fire. It has been updated to include information on the Government decision to fund remediation work for affected blocks with ACM cladding in the social and private sectors.
Equality of Opportunity and Quality of Life for Young People
Published Thursday, May 9, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0056
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate on equality of opportunity and beneficial quality of life for young people which is due to take place in the House of Lords on 16 May 2019.
Planning: change of use
Published Thursday, May 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN01301
Certain changes of use can be done without planning permission, using what are known as permitted development rights (PDRs). This briefing explains use classes and PDRs, examines recent changes and proposals for further change and looks in depth at the controversy surrounding the PDR for change of use from office to residential accommodation.

Topic: Planning

Gypsies and Travellers
Published Thursday, May 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8083
This House of Commons Library briefing paper provides an overview of the key issues and policies relating to Gypsy and Traveller communities in England. The paper examines a range of issues including: inequalities, racial discrimination, accommodation needs, illegal encampments, health and education outcomes, employment rates, welfare reform and evidence of over-representation in the criminal justice system.
Housing costs in Universal Credit
Published Wednesday, May 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN06547
This briefing paper explains the key differences between assistance with housing costs under the Housing Benefit regime and under Universal Credit. The paper considers evidence of the impact of claiming housing costs under UC to date and the Government response.
Covenants on freehold land
Published Wednesday, May 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8560
This Library briefing paper provides general information about the freehold covenants. Specifically, detecting, enforcing, modifying or releasing a covenant.
Comparing private rented sector policies in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland
Published Thursday, May 2, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7624
This briefing paper provides a summary of the different approaches adopted by the Governments in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland in regard to some key areas of private rented sector policy. It has been updated to include the announcement on 15 April 2019 on 'no fault' evictions.
Infrastructure Needs of London Stansted Cambridge 'Innovation Corridor'
Published Thursday, April 25, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0039
This House of Lords briefing pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming debate on the Government’s assessment of the transport infrastructure needs of the United Kingdom’s Innovation Corridor (London, Stansted, Cambridge); and to what extent the current infrastructure limits that region’s potential to contribute to the nation’s wealth.
Housing options for serving and ex-military personnel
Published Wednesday, April 24, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN04244
This Briefing Paper outlines the housing options open to serving and ex-military personnel, it does not cover service accommodation provided by the Ministry of Defence.
Can private landlords refuse to let to Housing Benefit claimants?
Published Tuesday, April 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN07008
This briefing paper considers evidence of private landlords' reluctance to let to prospective tenants in receipt of Housing Benefit/Universal Credit. The paper looks at the reasons behind this reluctance and action being taken to challenge landlords/agents who operate a "no DSS" policy.
Leasehold and commonhold reform
Published Friday, April 12, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8047
This briefing paper considers trends in leasehold ownership and ongoing problems associated with the sector. The Government has committed to legislation; on 20 September 2018 the Law Commission published detailed proposals on leasehold enfranchisement and lease extensions. Responses could be submitted up to 7 January 2019. An additional consultation exercise on commonhold was launched on 10 December; consultation on the Right to Manage was opened at the end of January 2019.
Construction Sector: Modernisation and Sustainable Housing Supply
Published Thursday, April 4, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0036
This House of Lords briefing pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming debate on the residential construction sector, modern methods of construction, and the steps being taken to boost the housing supply in a sustainable way.

Displaying 1-20 out of 439

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House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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