Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 165

Enterprise Zones
Published Tuesday, January 21, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers SN05942
There are currently 45 operational Enterprise Zones in England. Similar policies have been adopted by the devolved governments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Businesses in these small areas will benefit from tax and planning concessions and superfast broadband.
Fire Safety Bill 2019-2020
Published Wednesday, January 8, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8782
The Fire Safety Bill 2019-20 was announced in the Queen’s Speech on 19 December 2019. No date is yet available for second reading.

Topics: Housing, Planning

Building Safety Bill 2019-2020
Published Wednesday, January 8, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8781
The Building Safety Bill 2019-20 was announced in the Queen’s Speech on 19 December 2019. No date is yet available for second reading.

Topics: Housing, Planning

What is affordable housing?
Published Monday, December 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7747
This briefing paper considers how affordable housing is defined in England and looks at key trends in the affordability of different tenure types. It examines the supply of affordable housing and the role of Housing Benefit in enabling households to access and retain affordable housing. The paper has been updated to include new data on housing affordability.
Community Infrastructure Levy
Published Thursday, December 19, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN03890
This note covers the method of financing infrastructure called Community Infrastructure Levy. It applies to England and Wales only.
Gypsies and travellers: planning provisions
Published Thursday, December 19, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN07005
This briefing sets out the planning policies specific to Gypsy and Traveller site provision, along with recent policy changes and Government announcements. It applies to England only.
Implementation of the Housing and Planning Act 2016
Published Tuesday, December 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8229
The Housing and Planning Act 2016 (HPA 2016) received Royal Assent on 12 May 2016. This briefing paper outlines progress in implementing the Act's provisions. Several key measures in the Act will not be taken forward, such as 'pay to stay' and mandatory fixed-term tenancies for local authority landlords in England.
Building out extant planning permissions
Published Tuesday, October 29, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0232
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 30 October 2019 at 9.30am on building out extant planning permissions. The debate will be opened by Anne Milton MP.
Commons Library Analysis of the Environment Bill 2019
Published Thursday, October 24, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8712
The Environment Bill was announced in the Queen’s Speech on 14 October 2019. First Reading was on 15 October 2019. This briefing paper sets out the background to the Bill, reaction to it and its main provisions.
World Cities Day, 31 October 2019
Published Tuesday, October 22, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0136
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides information to mark the upcoming World Cities Day on 31 October 2019.
Net Gain
Published Monday, October 14, 2019 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0034
Under the July 2018 revision of the National Planning Policy Framework, the government requires local authorities in England to embed relevant strategies into local plans to deliver a net environmental gain over possible reductions caused by developments and infrastructure. The initial objective of this requirement will be to deliver gains in levels of biodiversity – short for biological diversity, the abundance and variety of species and their physical habitats – at the landscape level. In December 2018, Defra launched a consultation on implementing a mandatory biodiversity net gain requirement for development in England.
Queen's Speech: Debate in the House of Lords Day 4
Published Friday, October 11, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0128
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been published ahead of day 4 of the Lords debate on the Queen’s Speech, covering the following subjects: home affairs, justice, local government, devolved affairs and constitutional affairs.
Planning Obligations (Section 106 Agreements)
Published Friday, September 6, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7200
This briefing looks at recent changes to planning obligations, the appeals process surrounding them and how planning obligations interact with the Community Infrastructure Levy. The briefing looks at England only.

Topics: Housing, Planning

The UK Shared Prosperity Fund
Published Tuesday, September 3, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8527
Background and issues for consideration concerning the Government's proposed Shared Prosperity Fund, which will replace EU structural funding after Brexit.
Must planning committees follow officers' advice in reaching decisions?
Published Friday, August 30, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN01030
This briefing examines the relationship between planning officers and councillors and how published guidance deals with the considerations that might arise when planning committees overturn officers’ advice. It applies to England only.

Topic: Planning

Debate on a motion on the British house building industry
Published Monday, August 19, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0205
On 5 September 2019 there will be a debate on a motion on the British house building industry. The debate will take place in the main Chamber and will be led by Siobhain McDonagh.
High Speed Rail (West Midlands–Crewe) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, August 15, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0106
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the High Speed Rail (West Midlands–Crewe) Bill on 4 September 2019.
Local Growth Deals
Published Monday, July 29, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN07120
This note looks at the creation of the Single Local Growth Fund and the process of allocating Growth Deal funding to Local Enterprise Partnerships.
5G technology
Published Wednesday, July 24, 2019 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0032
5G is the next generation of mobile communications technology. It follows on from the previous generations of mobile technology, such as 3G and 4G. 5G is expected to improve on previous mobile technologies by providing faster, lower latency (response time) mobile broadband connections and being able to connect a greater number of devices to a mobile network in a particular area while maintaining good quality connections. 5G mobile broadband will be the first widespread application of the technology. However, in the longer term it may have applications in other sectors.
Commons Library analysis: Kew Gardens (Leases) (No. 3) Bill [HL] 2017-19
Published Tuesday, July 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8598
This Commons Library briefing deals with the Kew Gardens (Leases) (No. 3) Bill [HL] 2017-19, which would provide that the Secretary of State’s powers in relation to the management of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, include the power to grant a lease in respect of land for a period of up to 150 years.

Displaying 1-20 out of 165

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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