Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 142

Economic growth in the South West
Published Friday, February 1, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0026
A Westminster Hall debate on 'Economic growth in the South West' will be held on Tuesday 5 February from 2.30pm. The Member opening the debate is Sir Gary Streeter MP.
Calling in a planning application
Published Thursday, January 31, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN00930
The Secretary of State has powers in England to "call-in" a planning application and "recover" a planning appeal, to determine it himself. This briefing examines those powers.

Topic: Planning

Building Regulations and Safety: Review and Reforms
Published Friday, January 25, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8482
This briefing contains a short overview of the building regulation and fire safety review and proposed reforms following the Grenfell Fire.

Topics: Housing, Planning

Green Belt
Published Friday, January 4, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN00934
This briefing from the House of Commons library examines some of the controversy about the Green Belt in England and how policy towards the Green Belt has been reflected in the updating of the National Planning Policy Framework in July 2018. .
Town centre Heritage Action Zones
Published Tuesday, December 18, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0279
A debate will be held in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 19 December 2018 from 2.30-4pm on town centre Heritage Action Zones. The debate will be opened by Jack Brereton MP.
Tackling the under-supply of housing in England
Published Monday, December 10, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7671
This briefing paper considers key trends in housing supply in the UK and goes on to focus on some of the key barriers and potential solutions to increasing supply in England. It summarises proposals set out in the Housing White Paper published in February 2017 and has been updated to take account of subsequent developments.
Science and Technology Committee Report: Off–site Manufacture for Construction
Published Thursday, December 6, 2018 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2018-0125
This Briefing Pack contains a selection of material relevant for the forthcoming debate on the Report from the Science and Technology Committee, Off-site Manufacture for Construction: Building for Change (2nd Report, HL Paper 169).
Wales and the Shared Prosperity Fund
Published Tuesday, November 13, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0251
There will be a debate in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 14th November at 4:30pm on Wales and the Shared Prosperity Fund. The Member in charge of the debate is Ian Lucas.
Future of the former steelworks site in Redcar constituency
Published Friday, November 9, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0247
A debate will be held in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 14 November at 9.30am on the future of the former steelworks site in Redcar. Anna Turley MP will lead the debate. This paper provides a brief overview of the subject, recent parliamentary material, press articles and further reading.
Shale gas and fracking
Published Tuesday, November 6, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06073
A House of Commons Library Briefing Paper providing an overview of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) for shale in the UK, including the UK Government support and proposals, opposition in the devolved Administrations, the regulatory regime (petroleum exploration and development licences, environmental, planning, health and safety), and wider potential implications of fracking on communities and mitigation of these.
Local Growth Deals
Published Thursday, November 1, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN07120
This note looks at the creation of the Single Local Growth Fund and the process of allocating Growth Deal funding to Local Enterprise Partnerships.
City Deals
Published Wednesday, October 31, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN07158
This note provides an overview of City Deals, with details on the 31 that have been successfully negotiated since July 2012.
Beauty and the built environment
Published Friday, October 26, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0236
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 30 October at 2.30pm on beauty and the built environment. The debate will be opened by John Hayes MP.
Affordable Housing
Published Monday, October 22, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0108
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord Shipley (Liberal Democrat), “that this House takes note on the case for building more affordable housing”. It describes why there is widely said to be a ‘housing crisis’ which affordable housing might help to solve. It then sets out what affordable housing is, and outlines the arguments for and against building more affordable homes. Finally, it looks at alternative policies for improving housing affordability.
Neighbourhood planning
Published Friday, October 12, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN05838
The Localism Act 2011 allows parish councils and groups of people from the community, called neighbourhood forums, to formulate Neighbourhood Development Plans and Orders, to guide and shape development in a particular area. This briefing examines these powers and reviews of their effectiveness and describes recent changes to relevant provisions in the National Planning Policy Framework.

Topic: Planning

What next for planning in England? The National Planning Policy Framework
Published Friday, October 5, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8260
The National Planning Policy Framework sets the direction for planning in England. Following a consultation, it has been revised, to reflect more than 80 reforms previously announced by the Government in the Housing White Paper and in its consultation on planning for the right homes in the right places.
Implementation of the Housing and Planning Act 2016
Published Thursday, September 27, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8229
The Housing and Planning Act 2016 (HPA 2016) received Royal Assent on 12 May 2016. This briefing paper outlines progress in implementing the Act's provisions. Several key measures in the Act will not be taken forward, such as 'pay to stay' and mandatory fixed-term tenancies for local authority landlords in England.
What is affordable housing?
Published Friday, September 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7747
This briefing paper considers how affordable housing is defined in England and looks at key trends in the affordability of different tenure types. It also examines the supply of affordable housing and the role of Housing Benefit in enabling households to access and retain affordable housing.
Regional and local economic growth statistics
Published Wednesday, September 5, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN05795
Statistics on the size of regional/country and local economies, recent economic growth in these areas, their contribution to total UK economic output, and rough comparisons of their living standards.
Starter Homes for First-Time Buyers (England)
Published Friday, May 18, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7643
This House of Commons Library briefing paper explains the Government's starter homes initiative. The homes will be available at a minimum 20% discount on market value to first-time buyers under the age of 40. The paper outlines legislative provisions in the Housing and Planning Act 2016 to enact the initiative, together with planning policy reforms and a £1.2 billion Starter Homes Land Fund to support starter homes delivery. The starter homes initiative only applies in England.

Displaying 1-20 out of 142

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The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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