Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 214

The French Presidential election 2017 (second round)
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7962
What are the implications of the 2017 French Presidential Election? What are the prospects for a Marine Le Pen or Emmanuel Macron victory? This paper looks at the candidates, their policies and the future challenges they might face should they win.
Leaving the European Union: Status of Gibraltar
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | Lords In Focus LIF-2017-0041
This House of Lords Library briefing provides background on the government, economy and society of Gibraltar, its historical status, and information on recent debates concerning its sovereignty following the result of the 2016 EU referendum.
South Sudan: April 2017 update
Published Monday, April 10, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7944
South Sudan was born in 2011. Since the moment of its birth, its people have been embroiled in turmoil, conflict and suffering. Although the civil war which has raged since 2013 has complex roots, observers attribute much of the blame to its leaders, President Salva Kiir Mayardit and former First Vice-President Riek Machar, who head up opposing political and armed factions of the ruling party.
The Occupied Palestinian Territories: recent developments
Published Monday, March 20, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7689
This House of Commons Library briefing paper looks at recent developments in The Occupied Palestinian Territories (March 2017).
Somalia: February 2017 update
Published Thursday, February 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7298
Somalia has just completed a long and much-delayed (s)electoral process to create a new parliament and elect a new president. Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (known as Farmajo) was elected the country’s president by parliament on 8 February 2017. President Farmajo faces many daunting challenges.
Burma: February 2017 update
Published Thursday, February 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7901
Many hoped that the November 2015 general election would be a tipping-point in Burma’s ‘democratic transition’, which began in 2011. While there have been many positive developments since then, the limits of Aung San Suu Kyi's power are arguably being exposed by her inability to control the actions of the security forces in Rakhine State, where they stand accused by the UN and international human rights groups of committing further serious human rights abuses against the Muslim Rohingya over the past three months or so.
Kashmir: February 2017 update
Published Wednesday, February 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7356
This briefing covers events in Indian-administered Kashmir since 8 July 2016, which have been characterised by a dramatic upsurge in protest and violence on the ground – what some are calling the “worst crisis in a generation”.
Nigeria: February 2017 update
Published Wednesday, February 8, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7897
This briefing reviews the current political and economic situation in Nigeria under President Muhammadu Buhari.
Japan: February 2017 update
Published Wednesday, February 8, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7895
Politically dominant at home despite the continuing sluggishness of the Japanese economy, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe faces serious challenges in charting a positive way forward on relations with the US under the new Trump Administration and with China, where their territorial dispute over the East China Sea continues to cast a deep shadow. This briefing surveys the outlook for Japan during 2017 both at home and abroad.
Domestic Ivory Market in the UK
Published Tuesday, January 31, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0034
The Petitions Committee have scheduled a debate in Westminster Hall on Monday 6 February 2017 at 4.30pm on the motion “That this House has considered e-petition 165905 relating to the domestic ivory market in the UK”. Luke Hall MP, a member of the Petitions Committee, will lead the debate. Petition to Parliament and Government Response from DEFRA (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs): https://petition.parliament.uk/petitions/165905
Treaty negotiations: when has the Government published its position?
Published Thursday, January 19, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7823
How much information does the Government give Parliament about its position in advance of treaty negotiations? Is it bound to provide Parliament with information on its 'red lines' and strategies? This note looks at some past examples of White and Green Papers ahead of treaty negotiations.
China's domestic politics and foreign policy: January 2017 analysis
Published Thursday, January 19, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7870
This briefing is an exploratory analysis of trends – drawing on the views of selected experts – in the domestic politics and foreign policy of the People’s Republic of China.
Populism and Nationalism: Implications for the International Order
Published Thursday, January 12, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0002
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of a debate on 19 January about the challenges to the liberal international order posed by the development of populism and nationalism around the world.
Legislating for Brexit: EU external agreements
Published Thursday, January 5, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7850
The EU has over 1,000 external agreements with other countries or organisations, many of which the individual Member States, as well as the EU, have ratified. Many of them concern trade but they cover a range of policy areas and it is not clear what Brexit will mean for the UK's participation in these agreements.
The 2016 Bilateral and Multilateral Development Reviews
Published Thursday, December 8, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7828
After several delays, the 2016 Bilateral Development Review (BDR) and Multilateral Development Review (MDR) were published by the Government on 1 December 2016, superseding the 2011 Reviews published by the previous Coalition Government. While the 2016 MDR performs a broadly comparable role to that performed by its predecessor, the 2016 BDR does not -- important country-level information has not been provided this time around.
Humanitarian situation in South Sudan
Published Thursday, December 1, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0240
The House of Commons Library prepares a briefing in hard copy and/or online for most non-legislative debates in the Chamber and Westminster Hall other than half-hour debates. Debate Packs are produced after the announcement of parliamentary business. They are intended to provide a summary or overview of the issue being debated and identify relevant briefings and useful documents, including press and parliamentary material. More detailed briefing can be prepared for Members on request to the Library.
Disputes over the British Indian Ocean Territory: December 2016 update
Published Thursday, December 1, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06908
This briefing describes the main developments since mid-2013 in long-running disputes over the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT). In November 2016 the UK Government decided not to allow Chagossian resettlement. The status of the Marine Protected Area is contested. The UK and Mauritius are holding talks on sovereignty. Mauritius says it may seek an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice. The US military base on Diego Garcia is set to continue until 2036. Meanwhile, there continues to be litigation in the English courts.
The legal and regulatory framework for UK arms exports
Published Friday, September 30, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN02729
This briefing provides an overview of the development of the legal and regulatory framework for UK arms exports since 1997. There have been two important changes to this regulatory framework since the Conservative Government took office in May 2015. The Government has announced the creation of a cross-government ‘Export Controls Joint Unit’ and responsibility for export controls has moved to the new Department for International Trade. Meanwhile, there has been mounting controversy over the use of UK-manufactured arms by Saudi Arabia in Yemen. This has led to some to question whether the current licensing system is fit-for-purpose.
Georgia 2016
Published Wednesday, September 28, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06938
Georgia has signed its Association Agreement with the EU and Georgian leaders have described this as a historic chance to return to Georgia’s natural European environment

Displaying 1-20 out of 214

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The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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