Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 236

Commons Library analysis of the Nuclear Safeguards Bill 2017-19
Published Friday, January 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8107
The Nuclear Safeguards Bill 2017-19 makes provision for nuclear safeguards after the UK leaves Euratom. This Briefing Paper discusses the background to and content of the Bill. The Bill passed Committee stage without amendment on 14 November 2017 and Report Stage begins on 23 January 2018.
Burma: January 2018 update
Published Tuesday, January 9, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7901
Many hoped that the November 2015 general election would be a tipping-point in Burma’s ‘democratic transition’, which began in 2011. The new National League for Democracy government took office in April 2016 in an atmosphere of hope – but the honeymoon has turned out to be brief. The limits of Aung San Suu Kyi's power have been exposed by her inability to control the actions of the security forces in Rakhine State, where they stand accused of committing serious human rights abuses against the Muslim Rohingya. Her international reputation has been damaged and there is now talk of reintroducing sanctions.
Balochistan: Pakistan's forgotten conflict
Published Tuesday, January 2, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06106
This note provides a brief background to the protracted, but all but forgotten conflict in Balochistan, a marginalised but resource-rich and strategically important province of Pakistan.
Brexit: 'sufficient progress' to move to phase 2
Published Tuesday, December 19, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8183
This paper looks at the path towards 'sufficient progress' in the first phase of Brexit negotiations and the Joint Report agreed by the UK Government and the EU. It focuses on the three priority areas: citizens' rights, the financial settlement and the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. The paper also looks at other recent developments and parliamentary consideration of Brexit.
Sudan: December 2017 update
Published Friday, December 15, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8180
The civil war may have ended but peace in Sudan remains elusive. This Commons Library briefing paper looks at recent developments in Sudan including peace efforts, UK relations and the recent easing of sanctions by the US.
Local, Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly and European Parliament elections: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02634
Local, Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly and European Parliament elections: Social Indicators page. A summary of recent election results.
Brexit: the November negotiations
Published Friday, November 24, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8159
Was progress made in the sixth round of Brexit negotiations? This paper looks at what happened in the latest round of talks in each of the priority areas and at other developments linked to Brexit in the UK and the EU.
Ukrainian Holodomor
Published Friday, November 3, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0213
A debate on the ‘Ukrainian Holodomor’ has been scheduled for Tuesday 7 November 2017 in Westminster Hall at 2.30pm. The debate has been initiated by Mrs Pauline Latham.
Bangladesh: October 2017 update
Published Wednesday, October 25, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7452
Elections are due within a year or so in Bangladesh. The main political parties continue to be at loggerheads. Some detect a growing authoritarianism and there are concerns about the threat from terrorism. In recent months the country has also faced a massive refugee influx of Muslim Rohingya from Burma.
The Centenary of the Balfour Declaration
Published Monday, October 23, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0191
A debate on the ‘Centenary of the Balfour Declaration’ has been scheduled for Wednesday 25 October in Westminster Hall at 2.30pm. The debate has been initiated by Dr Matthew Offord.
The persecution of the Rohingya by the Burmese (Myanmar) Government
Published Monday, October 16, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0185
A debate on ‘The persecution of the Rohingya by the Burmese (Myanmar) Government’ has been scheduled for Tuesday 17 October in the Main Chamber. The debate has been nominated by the Backbench Business Committee.
UK defence obligations to South Korea
Published Thursday, October 5, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8100
Is the UK obliged to defend South Korea? This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the potential implications for the UK of a 1953 Declaration amid rising tensions on the Korean peninsula.
Brexit: the August negotiations
Published Wednesday, September 6, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8082
What happened in the third round of Brexit negotiations from 28 to 31 August? Was any progress made in the contentious areas of citizens' rights for EU citizens in the UK and UK citizens in the EU after Brexit? And has the UK agreed to pay the 'divorce bill' demanded by the EU? And could the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland remain open and flexible after Brexit? The talks did not resolve these issues, but some aspects were agreed. Will this be enough to allow a move to phase two of the negotiations in October?
The legal and regulatory framework for UK arms exports
Published Monday, September 4, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02729
This briefing provides an overview of the development of the legal and regulatory framework for UK arms exports since 1997. It also describes the main changes to this regulatory framework under the 2015-17 Conservative Government. During the last parliament there was also controversy over the use of UK-manufactured arms by Saudi Arabia in Yemen. As the current parliament gets down to work, there are potential uncertainties about the implications of Brexit for this area of policy.
Political situation in Venezuela
Published Friday, September 1, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0157
A Westminster Hall debate on the ‘Political situation in Venezuela’ is scheduled for Tuesday 5 September 2017 from 9.30am to 11.00am. The debate has been initiated by Graham P Jones MP.
North Korea: August 2017 update
Published Wednesday, August 30, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8077
Tensions have risen alarmingly in the Korean peninsula during the course of 2017. North Korea appears to be making faster progress towards having a nuclear weapons system that can reach the US than many observers expected. What have been the responses of the US, China, South Korea and Japan to developments since the beginning of this year?
International Day of Democracy
Published Tuesday, August 29, 2017 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2017-0154
This page has been prepared for the debate in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 6 September 2017 from 2.30pm to 4.00pm on the ‘International Day of Democracy’. The debate has been initiated by Stuart C. McDonald MP.
Turnout at elections
Published Thursday, July 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8060
This note looks at turnout in a variety of UK elections. It provides a range of statistics on turnout at both national and local elections as well as the devolved administrations and European Parliament elections. Where possible comparisons to other countries are made.
Disputes over the British Indian Ocean Territory: July 2017 update
Published Wednesday, July 26, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06908
This briefing describes the main developments since mid-2013 in long-running disputes over the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT). In November 2016 the previous UK Government decided not to allow Chagossian resettlement. The status of the Marine Protected Area is contested. The UK and Mauritius have been holding talks on sovereignty. In June 2017, the UN General Assembly voted to ask the International Court of Justice to give an advisory opinion on the issue. The US military base on Diego Garcia is set to continue until 2036. Meanwhile, there continues to be litigation in the English courts.

Displaying 1-20 out of 236

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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