This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.
Legislating for Brexit: the Great Repeal Bill
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7793
The UK Government triggered Article 50 on 29 March 2017, beginning the formal process of negotiating the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union (EU). Leaving the EU will require major changes to the statute book and to the UK’s constitutional framework.
Brexit: a reading list of post-EU Referendum publications by Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7912
This reading list brings together briefings on Brexit by the Parliamentary libraries and the Devolved Assembly research services with reports by Parliamentary and Devolved Assembly committees following the result of the EU Referendum on 23 June 2016.
Topics: Administration of justice, Agriculture and environment, Animals, Armed forces, Asylum, Aviation, Central government, Civil law, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Consumers, Criminal law, Data protection, Defence equipment and procurement, Defence policy, Devolution, Economic policy, Economic situation, Energy, Environmental protection, Equality, EU budget, EU external relations, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, Europe, Farmers, Financial institutions, Financial services, Fisheries, Food, Forestry, Genetics, Health services, Higher education, Housing, Human rights, Immigration, Incomes and poverty, Industry, Information technology, International development, International economic relations, International organisations, International politics and government, International trade, Legislative process, Local government, Medicine, Middle East, North America, Overseas territories, Parliament, Pensions, Railways, Research and innovation, Roads, Russia, Science, Terrorism, Unemployment, Water
Carry-over of public bills
Published Tuesday, May 2, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03236
The carry-over of public bills from one session to the next was suggested by the Modernisation Committee as a way of reducing the fluctuations in legislative activity caused by Parliamentary sessions. After briefly summarising the Modernisation Committee’s views, this House of Commons Library briefing paper describes the different approaches to allowing bills to be carried forward in this way in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The note also reports the use of carry-over motions and provides examples of the form of words used in carry-over motions.
Scottish Independence Referendum Procedure: Section 30 Orders
Published Thursday, April 6, 2017 | Lords In Focus LIF-2017-0036
This House of Lords Library briefing provides information on the call for a second Scottish independence referendum and the section 30 order proposed by the Scottish Government as the means to hold one.
Legislating for Brexit: EU directives
Published Wednesday, April 5, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7943
What are EU directives and what will happen to them when the UK leaves the EU? This paper looks at EU directives in force and how they are implemented in the UK. This will give some idea of the task ahead for UK legislators.
Topics: Administration of justice, Agriculture, Animals, Asylum, Aviation, Benefits policy, Business support, Central government, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Competition, Consumers, Countryside, Crime, Criminal law, Cultural heritage, Devolution, Diseases, Employment, Energy, Environmental protection, Equality, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, Europe, Financial services, Firearms, Fisheries, Food, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Forestry, Health education and preventive medicine, Health finance, Health services, Health staff and professions, Higher education, Human rights, Immigration, Industrial health and safety, Industrial relations, Industry, Insolvency, Intellectual property, International economic relations, International law, International organisations, International trade, Legislative process, Medicine, Parliament, Patient rights and complaints, Pensions, Pollution, Postal services, Privacy, Railways, Regulation, Research and innovation, Roads, Security industry, Shipping, Small businesses, Standards, Students, Taxation, Terrorism, Training, Utilities, Waste management, Water
European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Monday, February 20, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0009
This Lords Library briefing provides information on the European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill ahead of its second reading on 20 and 21 February 2017. The Bill would give the Prime Minister power to notify the European Council of the UK’s intention to withdraw from the European Union, under the procedure set out in Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union.
Topics: Constitution, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, Immigration, International trade, Legislative process, Ministers, National Assembly for Wales, Northern Ireland Assembly, Nuclear power, Parliament, Scottish Parliament, Taxation
European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill
Published Monday, January 30, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7884
This Library briefing analyses the short Bill that offers Parliament its first opportunity to give legal effect to the result of the EU referendum by providing the UK Government with authority to trigger Article 50 on leaving the EU.
European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill
Published Monday, January 30, 2017 | Lords In Focus LIF-2017-0007
This House of Lords Library briefing provides information on the European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill which was introduced in the House of Commons on 26 January 2017, following the Supreme Court judgment that legislation was required to authorise the triggering of Article 50.
Treaty negotiations: when has the Government published its position?
Published Thursday, January 19, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7823
How much information does the Government give Parliament about its position in advance of treaty negotiations? Is it bound to provide Parliament with information on its 'red lines' and strategies? This note looks at some past examples of White and Green Papers ahead of treaty negotiations.
Topics: Arms control, Central government, Common Agricultural Policy, Constitution, Crown, Defence equipment and procurement, Defence policy, Economic and monetary union, EU budget, EU defence policy, EU enlargement, EU external relations, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, EU political integration, Europe, Human rights, International economic relations, International law, International organisations, International politics and government, Legislative process, Parliament
Brexit: how does the Article 50 process work?
Published Monday, January 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7551
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the process of withdrawing from the EU under Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. There could be a complex and difficult negotiation lasting two years or more, or the UK could leave without settling its exit terms or its future relationship with the EU.
Legislating for Brexit: Statutory Instruments implementing EU law
Published Monday, January 16, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7867
How does the UK implement EU law and how many UK laws are there which implement EU law? This paper looks at how the majority of EU directives are implemented in the UK and lists EU-related UK Statutory Instruments.
Draft Public Service Ombudsman Bill
Published Friday, January 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7864
This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper looks at the Draft Public Service Ombudsman Bill, published by the Cabinet Office on 5 December 2016, which would create a Public Service Ombudsman for UK reserved matters and public services delivered solely in England.
Legislating for Brexit: directly applicable EU law
Published Thursday, January 12, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7863
Some 5,000 EU regulations apply in the UK, They largely concern technical details required by other EU legislation and are 'directly applicable' in all EU Member States - they don't (generally) need further implementation. What are these laws and what will Brexit mean for them? This Briefing Paper explains what ‘directly applicable’ EU law is, how it applies in the UK, and estimates how many EU regulations are in force. It is one of a series of Library briefings on different elements of the EU acquis and Brexit, and will be updated periodically.
Legislating for Brexit: EU external agreements
Published Thursday, January 5, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7850
The EU has over 1,000 external agreements with other countries or organisations, many of which the individual Member States, as well as the EU, have ratified. Many of them concern trade but they cover a range of policy areas and it is not clear what Brexit will mean for the UK's participation in these agreements.
Topics: Climate change, EU external relations, EU law and treaties, International law, International organisations, International politics and government, Latin America, Legislative process, Middle East, North America, Overseas territories
House of Commons Background Paper: Statutory Instruments
Published Thursday, December 15, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers SN06509
This Briefing Paper discusses statutory instruments (SIs). In particular, it describes what they are and also the parliamentary procedures related to them.