Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 163

The UK's EU Withdrawal Agreement
Published Thursday, April 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8453
This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister has promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. The Agreement has been debated at length in Parliament on several occasions and, with the Political Declaration on the future EU-UK relationship, has been put to the so-called 'meaningful vote' twice - in January and March 2019. But the House of Commons has not yet endorsed it and time is running out for UK approval before the default exit date of 29 March 2019.
European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 5) Bill: Summary of Commons Stages
Published Thursday, April 4, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0042
This House of Lords Library Briefing covers the House of Commons stages of the European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 5) Bill. It may be of assistance to Members in the event that the bill is considered in the House of Lords on 4 April 2019.
E-petitions relating to leaving the European Union
Published Thursday, March 28, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0077
A debate will be held in Westminster Hall on Monday 1 April 2019 at 4.30pm on e-petitions 241584, 235138 and 243319 relating to leaving the European Union. The Member leading the debate is Catherine McKinnell MP.
Extending Article 50: European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 (Exit Day) (Amendment) Regulations 2019
Published Tuesday, March 26, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0038
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the Lords’ consideration of the statutory instrument to change the date of ‘exit day’ in domestic law, following the UK’s agreement with the EU to extend the article 50 period beyond 29 March 2019.
Government Defeats in the House of Lords on Delegated Legislation
Published Thursday, March 21, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0035
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides lists of government defeats in the House of Lords on delegated legislation by parliamentary session (from 1997–98 to 2017–19) and calendar year (from 1950 to 2019), as well as listing the five defeats on ‘fatal’ motions.
Confidence motions
Published Thursday, March 14, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02873
On 16 January 2019, the House debated a motion of no confidence in Her Majesty's Government, tabled by the Leader of the Opposition, in accordance with the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011. Provision was made for a full day's debate on the motion of no confidence. The motion was defeated.
Northern Ireland (Anticipation and Adjustments) (No 2) Bill (Money Bill)
Published Thursday, March 7, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0022
This House of Lords Briefing pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming debate on the Northern Ireland (Anticipation and Adjustments) (No 2) Bill.
Northern Ireland (Regional Rates and Energy) (No 2) Bill
Published Thursday, March 7, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0021
This House of Lords Briefing pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming debate on the Northern Ireland (Regional Rates and Energy) (No 2) Bill.
Hereditary By-elections: Results
Published Wednesday, February 27, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0129
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides a list of hereditary peers’ by-election results since the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999, including information on turn out and the number of candidates.
House of Lords: Largest Votes Recorded
Published Tuesday, February 12, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0048
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides information about the largest votes that have taken place in the House of Lords.
Proxy voting in divisions in the House
Published Tuesday, February 12, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8359
On 28 January 2019, the House agreed a Temporary Standing Order in order to pilot the use of proxy voting in divisions of the House for parental absence (baby leave). On 13 September 2018, there was a general debate on proxy voting. This followed recommendations from the Procedure Committee on how a proxy voting system could be introduced for Members who had babies or adopted.
The Liaison Committee: taking evidence from the Prime Minister
Published Monday, February 4, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8182
Prime Minister Theresa May made her fourth appearance before the Liaison Committee on 18 July 2018. These sessions with the Prime Minister have occurred since 2002 and have now become an established part of the scrutiny mechanisms available to Parliament. This briefing sets out the background to the evidence sessions.
Government motion to provide additional Fridays to debate private Members’ bills
Published Wednesday, January 30, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0012
The Government has scheduled a debate today (30 January 2019) to provide additional sitting Fridays to consider private Members’ bills. Extra debating time is to be provided because the current session is expected to run for two years.
European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 3) Bill 2017-19
Published Wednesday, January 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8480
Yvette Cooper presented a Private Member's bill, the European Union (No. 3) Bill 2017-19, on Monday 21 January 2019. The Bill would create a legal mechanism whereby the House of Commons can instruct the Prime Minister to ask the European Council for an extension to Article 50 in the absence of an approval resolution for an exit deal from the EU.
European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 2) Bill 2017-19
Published Friday, January 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8476
Nick Boles MP presented a Private Members Bill on Tuesday 15 January 2019 to require the Government to request an extension to the Article 50 Brexit process in certain circumstances. This paper explains how this Bill proposes to give Parliament greater control over the Government's negotiations with the European Union. This Bill is expected to be superseded on Monday 21 January 2019 by another Bill in the name of Yvette Cooper, but which does not provide a statutory role for the Liaison Committee.
Emergency debates in the House of Commons since 1979
Published Monday, January 14, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN04569
This list notes successful applications for emergency debates in the House of Commons and provides a link to the debate in Hansard. Applications for emergency debates made since June 2012 are noted in the Excel spreadsheet.
MPs who have withdrawn from the Commons Chamber or who have been suspended
Published Tuesday, January 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02430
MPs who have left the Chamber voluntarily, been asked to withdraw or who have been suspended.
Withdrawal Agreement: Section 13(1)(c) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018
Published Friday, January 4, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0002
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on 9, 10 and, provisionally, 14 January 2019 on "Further debate, for the purposes of section 13(1)(c) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, taking note of the negotiated withdrawal agreement and the framework for the future relationship".
Expedited legislation: Public bills receiving their Second and Third Reading on the same day in the House of Commons
Published Friday, December 14, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN04974
This briefing notes public bills that have received their Second and Third Reading on the same day.
Adjournment of the House of Lords Debate on the Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration
Published Tuesday, December 11, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0139
On 10 December 2018, the House of Lords adjourned the debate it was holding on the withdrawal agreement and political declaration agreed by the Government and the EU during the Brexit negotiations. This Lords Library briefing summarises recent developments which may influence when the Lords has the opportunity to debate this matter again.

Displaying 1-20 out of 163

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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