Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 130

Carers
Published Wednesday, June 12, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7756
This House of Commons Library briefing paper provides information about the number of carers in the UK and the issues they face. It also explains the rights, benefits and support available to carers as well as current an previous Government policy on caring.
Universal Credit and Debt
Published Monday, June 3, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0131
On 5 June 2019 there will be a Westminster Hall debate regarding universal credit and debt. The debate will be led by Ruth George MP.
Disability Living Allowance mobility component for younger children
Published Friday, May 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7977
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the lower age limits for the Disability Living Allowance (DLA) mobility components, the rationale for them, and at the position of successive governments. It also gives information on the “Family Fund Mobility Support” pilot scheme.
ESA and PIP reassessments
Published Friday, May 10, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7820
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the rules on reassessing Employment and Support Allowance, Universal Credit and Personal Independence Payment claimants. Starting from 29 September 2017, some ESA and UC claimants with the most severe conditions will not have to face reassessment. PIP claimants receiving the highest level of support and whose needs are unlikely to improve may only have a "light touch" review every ten years. The Government also intends to exempt from reassessment PIP claimants over State Pension age, unless they report a change in their needs, from late spring 2019.
Housing costs in Universal Credit
Published Wednesday, May 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN06547
This briefing paper explains the key differences between assistance with housing costs under the Housing Benefit regime and under Universal Credit. The paper considers evidence of the impact of claiming housing costs under UC to date and the Government response.
Autism – overview of UK policy and services
Published Monday, April 1, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7172
This briefing provides an overview of policies and services for people with autism, primarily in England. 2019 marks ten years since the Autism Act 2009 was passed.
Administration of personal independence payments on Merseyside
Published Monday, March 25, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0071
This House of Commons Library landing page has been published in advance of a debate entitled “Administration of Personal Independence Payments on Merseyside”. This debate is sponsored by Maria Eagle MP and will take place in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 26th March, starting 2.30pm.
Universal Credit and the Severe Disability Premium
Published Friday, March 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8494
This Commons Library briefing looks at how Universal Credit will affect benefit claimants who are, or were, getting the Severe Disability Premium. It covers measures which came into force in January 2019 to prevent people getting SDP from moving onto UC until they can receive transitional protection, and proposed "transitional payments" for those who have already moved to UC and lost SDP.
2019 Benefits Uprating
Published Friday, March 1, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8458
2019/20 is the final year of the four-year freeze, which keeps most working-age benefits and tax credits at their 2015/16 cash values. Non-frozen benefits, mainly those aimed at disabled people and carers, rise in line with CPI inflation (+2.4%). The triple lock delivers a 2.6% increase to the new State Pension (£168.60 in 2019/20) and the Basic State Pension (£129.20).
What if there's no Brexit deal?
Published Friday, February 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8397
What could happen if the EU and UK negotiators don't agree a withdrawal agreement in time and the UK has to leave the EU on 29 March 2019 without one - and with no framework for future relations either? This paper looks at how such a situation might come about, the constitutional implications for the UK and in some cases for the devolved administrations, and what the impact might be in a range of policy areas.

Topics: Administration of justice, Agriculture, Animals, Aviation, Benefits administration, Benefits policy, Business support, Central government, Children and families, Civil law, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Competition, Constitution, Consumers, Crime, Criminal law, Defence equipment and procurement, Defence policy, Devolution, Divorce, Economic policy, Economic situation, Electricity, Employment, Energy, Environmental protection, EU budget, EU defence policy, EU external relations, EU grants and loans, EU law and treaties, Europe, European Commission, European Council, European Parliament, Family benefits, Family law, Financial institutions, Financial services, Fisheries, Food, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Freedom of information, Health finance, Health services, Health staff and professions, Higher education, Housing benefits, Human rights, Immigration, Industrial health and safety, Industry, Information technology, Intellectual property, International development, International economic relations, International law, International organisations, International politics and government, International trade, Legislative process, Medicine, Military operations, Nuclear power, Overseas territories, Parliament, Pensions, Pollution, Privacy, Public expenditure, Railways, Regulation, Renewable energy, Research and innovation, Roads, Science, Shipping, Sickness, disability and carers' benefits, Small businesses, Standards, Students, Taxation, Teachers, Terrorism, Utilities, Waste management, Water, Working age benefits

The Immigration and Social Security Co-ordination (EU Withdrawal) Bill 2017-19
Published Friday, January 25, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8473
The Immigration and Social Security Co-ordination (EU Withdrawal) Bill 2017-19 was published on 20 December 2018 and its First Reading in the House of Commons took place that day. MPs will next consider the Bill at Second Reading, which will take place on Wednesday 16 January 2019.
Mental health and the benefits assessment process
Published Monday, January 21, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0005
This House of Commons Library debate pack briefing has been published in advance of a debate entitled “Mental health and the benefits assessment process”. This will be led by Angela Crawley MP and will take place on 22 January 2019 in Westminster Hall, starting at 2.30pm.
Recognition of fibromyalgia as a disability
Published Monday, January 14, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0003
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 15 January 2019 from 9.30-11am on recognition of fibromyalgia as a disability. The debate will be opened by Toby Perkins MP.
Backbench Business Debate: Impact of Changes to Disability Support
Published Tuesday, December 18, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0278
This House of Commons debate pack briefing has been prepared in advance of a Backbench Business Debate entitled “Cumulative impact assessment of changes to disability support.” This will be led by Debbie Abrahams MP and will take place in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 19 December 2018.
Overpayments of carer's allowance
Published Monday, November 26, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0262
This House of Commons landing page briefing has been prepared in advance of a debate entitled "Overpayments of carer's allowance". This will be led by Ruth George MP and will take place in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 27th November, starting at 11am and lasting for 30 minutes.
Learning Disability
Published Tuesday, September 18, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN07058
House of Commons Library briefing on policies and services for people with a learning disability in England.
Suicide Prevention: Policy and Strategy
Published Monday, September 10, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8221
This House of Commons Library briefing paper examines suicide prevention policies and strategies throughout the UK. It outlines national and local approaches to prevention policy in England, as well as Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It does so by considering the strategies of the UK Government, as well as the devolved administrations, from various policy perspectives.
Carer's Allowance
Published Thursday, July 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN00846
This Commons Library briefing looks at Carer's Allowance - a non-contributory, non-means-tested benefit paid to people who care full-time for someone who is severely disabled. It covers the background to the benefit and issues frequently raised by people claiming it, including the level of the benefit, its interaction with other benefits including the Retirement Pension, and the difficulties recipients face when seeking to combine their caring duties with paid work or studying. Reforms to Carer's Allowance have been discussed, but there have been no significant changes to the benefit in recent years, and Carer's Allowance will remain a separate benefit under the Universal Credit system. Responsibility for Carer's Allowance and related disability benefits is devolved to the Scottish Parliament. The Scottish Government is committed to increasing Carer's Allowance to the level of Jobseeker's Allowance.
NHS and Integrated Healthcare Services
Published Friday, June 29, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0075
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord Darzi of Denham (Labour) “that this House takes note of the creation of the National Health Service in 1948, and the case for integration of health, mental health, social and community care to equip the National Health Service for the next 70 years”. It provides a short history of the National Health Service (NHS), and summarises recent debates surrounding the integration of healthcare in England.

Displaying 1-20 out of 130

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The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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