Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

Find a briefing paper
  1. Close


    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
  2. Close


    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 110

Brexit: a reading list of post-EU Referendum publications by Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies
Published Friday, January 24, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7912
This reading list brings together briefings on Brexit by the Parliamentary libraries and the Devolved Assembly research services with reports by Parliamentary and Devolved Assembly committees following the result of the EU Referendum on 23 June 2016.
Air Traffic Management and Unmanned Aircraft Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Monday, January 20, 2020 | Lords Library notes LLN-2020-0019
This House of Lords Library briefing provides background information on the Air Traffic Management and Unmanned Aircraft Bill [HL], ahead of its second reading in the House of Lords on 27 January 2020.

Topic: Aviation

Misuse of Civilian Drones
Published Friday, January 17, 2020 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0610
Drones (also known as unmanned aircraft) are flying systems that do not carry a pilot. As the technology has become cheaper and more sophisticated, the use of drones for recreational and commercial purposes has grown, with the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) reporting a significant increase in the number of permissions obtained for operating commercial drones in the UK. Despite their potential to reduce costs, improve efficiency and provide new services, drones may be misused accidentally or for malicious purposes. For example, reports of drone sightings at Gatwick Airport in December 2018 grounded around 1,000 flights for almost 36 hours, affecting more than 140,000 passengers. In 2018, the Government introduced new limits on where drones can be flown and new registration and education requirements for drone operators and pilots. In January 2020, the new Government introduced an Air Traffic Management and Unmanned Aircraft Bill to Parliament that included new police powers for enforcing aviation laws (such as the power to issue a fixed penalty notice for certain drone offences). This POSTnote looks at civilian drones and their applications, focusing on potential misuse and possible responses.
Airline Insolvency Review
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8722
This Commons briefing paper provides a summary of the background to the Airline Insolvency Review and its key recommendations.

Topics: Aviation, Insolvency

Aviation: FAQs for 2020
Published Monday, January 13, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8739

Topic: Aviation

Queen's Speech: Debate in the House of Lords Day 3
Published Friday, January 3, 2020 | Lords Library notes LLN-2020-0003
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been published ahead of day 3 of the Lords debate on the December 2019 Queen’s Speech, covering the following subjects: economic affairs, business and public services
Air Traffic Management and Unmanned Aircraft Bill 2019-20
Published Thursday, January 2, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8717
The Air Traffic Management and Unmanned Aircraft Bill [HL] 2019-20 was announced in the Queen’s Speech on 19 December 2019 and introduced in the House of Lords on 9 January 2020. No date is yet available for second reading. A Lords Library Briefing on the Bill will be available in due course

Topic: Aviation

Planning for a no-deal Brexit
Published Tuesday, November 5, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8733
After Boris Johnson became Prime Minister in July 2019 the Government intensified planning for a no-deal Brexit and stressed its intention to take the UK out of the EU on 31 October with or without a deal. But the UK remained in the EU after 31 October after a further extension of the Article 50 period was agreed with the EU. A no-deal Brexit however remains the default outcome if an agreement is not ratified. This briefing paper provides an overview of Government and EU preparations for a no-deal Brexit, and of recent reports analysing the possible impact of this outcome
Taxing aviation fuel
Published Tuesday, October 22, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN00523
At present, although road fuel is charged excise duty, which represents a substantial proportion of the pump price paid by motorists, aviation kerosene (AVTUR) which is used in jet engines is exempt from tax. 

Topics: Aviation, Taxation

Revisions to the Political Declaration on the framework for future EU-UK relations
Published Friday, October 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8714
The UK and EU agreed a revised Political Declaration on the framework for the future UK-EU relationship on 17 October. This Briefing provides an outline of the contents of the Declaration and the key changes in the revised text
Queen's Speech: Debate in the House of Lords Day 3
Published Thursday, October 10, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0127
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been published ahead of day 3 of the Lords debate on the Queen’s Speech, covering the following subjects: economic affairs, business, agriculture, environment, energy and transport.
UK replacement of the EU's external agreements after Brexit
Published Thursday, September 19, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8370
The EU has over a thousand international agreements with non-EU countries, covering trade, aviation, nuclear co-operation and other issues. These will cease to apply to the UK when it leaves the EU. The Government has identified 157 agreements with non-EU countries that it is seeking in order to replace these arrangements in the event of a no deal Brexit. Some agreements have already been concluded, but engagement is ongoing for most of these and some will not be in place by the scheduled Brexit day of 31 October.
EU preparations for a no-deal Brexit
Published Tuesday, July 30, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8547
The EU and the other 27 Member States have been preparing for a possible no-deal, or 'disorderly', Brexit. The European Commission has had a no-deal preparedness plan which is now complete, and the EU27 have also been implementing their own preparations which will take effect if the UK leaves the EU without a withdrawal agreement at the end of October 2019. This paper looks at the EU preparedness programme and at some of the EU27 measures, particularly in the area of citizens' rights.
Brexit: parliamentary scrutiny of UK replacement treaties
Published Wednesday, July 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8509
The UK is party to hundreds of international treaties with third states or organisations, many of them on trade, by virtue of its EU membership. To continue to benefit from the advantages of these agreements, the Government has been seeking to replace them in a UK bilateral context. The Government has prioritised trade agreements, but has also agreed replacement agreements covering aviation services and safety, and road transport, for example. But Parliament is not happy about the way the Government is carrying out this 'treaty continuity programme' and Committees in both Houses have called for a greater scrutiny role for Parliament in treaty-making processes. This paper looks at what has been going on and what Parliamentary Committees in both Houses have asked for. It includes a table showing where we are with scrutiny of these treaties and what sort of scrutiny they have undergone, both in their precursor form as EU treaties and currently as replacement treaties.
Brexit: Owning a Second Home in the EU27
Published Tuesday, July 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8614
This paper compiles responses to a variety of frequently asked questions by MPs on behalf of their constituents who own property in another Member State but do not live there full-time, and wish to know what will change for them after Brexit.
The UK's EU Withdrawal Agreement
Published Monday, July 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8453
This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November 2018. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. The Agreement was debated at length in Parliament on several occasions and has been voted on three times. But the House of Commons has not endorsed it. A second extension of Article 50 took exit day to 31 October 2019, but once again the UK is faced with the possibility of leaving the EU without an agreement if this agreement or another one is not ratified by the UK and the EU.
Information on Major Infrastructure Projects
Published Wednesday, June 26, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0074
This House of Lords Library Briefing Pack contains a selection of material relevant for the forthcoming question for short debate on the Government’s provision of information on major infrastructure projects to Parliament.

Topics: Aviation, Railways, Roads

Air passenger rights, compensation & complaints
Published Thursday, May 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8576
Passengers rights are guaranteed through a combination of EU regulation, international conventions and resolutions, as well as voluntary commitments of airlines. The applicability of these rights depends on the airline a person is travelling with and where they are departing from.

Topic: Aviation

Brexit reading list: economic, business and transport policy issues
Published Tuesday, April 30, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7830
The Commons Library has compiled, from a wide range of sources, a selection of analysis and comment relevant to the UK's forthcoming withdrawal from the European Union.

Displaying 1-20 out of 110

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords In Focus
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords Library notes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTnotes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTbriefs