Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 138

The UK's EU Withdrawal Agreement
Published Friday, December 7, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8453
This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister has promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. But it will be debated at length in Parliament over the coming days before being put to the so-called 'meaningful vote' on 11 December.
A Quick Guide to the Railways
Published Tuesday, December 4, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN04128
This paper provides a brief outline of the GB rail industry, including the bodies responsible for delivering services, how new schemes are chosen and financed.

Topic: Railways

Railways: fares statistics
Published Friday, November 30, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06384
Rail fares are greater now, in real terms, than they were near the end of the 20th Century. In January 2018 fares across all operators were 20% higher in real terms than they were in January 1995; the average annual real increase has been 0.8%. Fares have increased fastest amongst long distance operators. On 30 November 2018 the rail industry, under the auspices of the Rail Delivery Group (RDG), announced that the average fares increase for 2019 would be 3.1%.

Topic: Railways

Brexit and transport
Published Thursday, November 8, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7633
This paper discusses some of the pertinent issues in the four main transport policy areas: aviation, railways, roads and road-based transport, and ports and maritime. It explains what preparations are being made for exit in the form of secondary legislation and what the Government has said about the implications of a possible ‘no deal’ in the technical notices it began to publish in August 2018.
Access to transport for disabled people
Published Thursday, October 18, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN00601
This paper explains the legislative frameworks and policies that apply to public transport users with disabilities or reduced mobility.
Parliamentary debate 17/10/18: East Coast Main Line investment
Published Tuesday, October 16, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0215

Topic: Railways

What if there's no Brexit deal?
Published Friday, October 12, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8397
What could happen if the EU and UK negotiators don't agree a withdrawal agreement in time and the UK has to leave the EU on 29 March 2019 without one - and with no framework for future relations either? This paper looks at how such a situation might come about, the constitutional implications for the UK and the devolved administrations, and what the impact might be in a range of policy areas.
UK Youth Parliament 2018
Published Friday, October 5, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8411
High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 2b and beyond
Published Tuesday, September 11, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8071
This paper provides general information on the proposed high-speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and development of the Phase 2b scheme to the North of England. It also discusses Northern Powerhouse Rail, which is planned to integrate with HS2 in the North, and the development of high speed rail to and within Scotland.

Topic: Railways

High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 2a
Published Tuesday, September 11, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN07082
This paper provides general information on the proposed high-speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the Bill which would give statutory and planning authority for the construction of Phase 2a of the scheme between the West Midlands and Crewe.

Topic: Railways

High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 1
Published Tuesday, September 11, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN00316
This paper provides general information on the proposed high-speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the Act which gives statutory and planning authority for the construction of Phase 1 of the scheme between London and the West Midlands. Construction is planned to begin soon; contracts have been let. The Government is in the process of finding an operator for the first HS2 services on the route.

Topic: Railways

Suicide Prevention: Policy and Strategy
Published Monday, September 10, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8221
This House of Commons Library briefing paper examines suicide prevention policies and strategies throughout the UK. It outlines national and local approaches to prevention policy in England, as well as Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It does so by considering the strategies of the UK Government, as well as the devolved administrations, from various policy perspectives.
The Brexit White Paper on future relations and alternative proposals
Published Tuesday, August 28, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8387
The Government published its White Paper on future relations between the UK and the EU on 12 July. It envisages a 'common rulebook' to facilitate 'frictionless' trade, and among other things, UK cooperation in security matters, a commitment to maintain high environmental, data and consumer protection standards, UK participation in some EU agencies and solutions to the Irish border issues - all underpinned by a new governance structure that will pay "due regard" to the EU Court. Would the White Paper proposals work and do they respect both UK sovereignty and the indivisibility of the EU Single Market? David Davis's 'alternative' white paper proposes a somewhat different future relationship. This paper looks at proposals in both documents.
May 2018 rail timetabling issues
Published Monday, June 18, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0154

Topic: Railways

Parliamentary debate 6/6/18: Northern Rail services in Greater Manchester
Published Tuesday, June 5, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0136

Topic: Railways

Public ownership of industries and services
Published Thursday, May 31, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8325
Utilities, industries and services can be owned by the public or the private sector. Various models have existed in the UK, including full nationalisation, privatisation with regulation and municipalisation.
Railway passenger franchises
Published Wednesday, May 23, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN01343
This is one of two briefing papers on rail passenger franchising. This paper sets out the terms of the various rail franchises in England, Wales and Scotland. A second paper, CBP 6521, sets out in more detail how franchising works and the franchising policy of successive governments.

Topic: Railways

Parliamentary debate 25/4/18 - Transport for the South East
Published Tuesday, April 24, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0100
This debate will take place between 2.30 and 4.00 pm on 25 April in Westminster Hall. The Member who secured the debate is Huw Merriman MP (Con., Bexhill and Battle).

Topics: Aviation, Railways, Roads

Displaying 1-20 out of 138

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House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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