Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 132

May 2018 rail timetabling issues
Published Monday, June 18, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0154

Topic: Railways

Parliamentary debate 6/6/18: Northern Rail services in Greater Manchester
Published Tuesday, June 5, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0136

Topic: Railways

Railways: fares statistics
Published Monday, June 4, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06384
Rail fares are greater now, in real terms, than they were near the end of the 20th Century. In January 2018 fares across all operators were 20% higher in real terms than they were in January 1995; the average annual real increase has been 0.8%. Fares have increased fastest amongst long distance operators. On 5 December 2017 the rail industry, under the auspices of the Rail Delivery Group (RDG), announced that the average fares increase for 2018 would be 3.4%.

Topic: Railways

Public ownership of industries and services
Published Thursday, May 31, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8325
Utilities, industries and services can be owned by the public or the private sector. Various models have existed in the UK, including full nationalisation, privatisation with regulation and municipalisation.
Railway passenger franchises
Published Wednesday, May 23, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN01343
This is one of two briefing papers on rail passenger franchising. This paper sets out the terms of the various rail franchises in England, Wales and Scotland. A second paper, CBP 6521, sets out in more detail how franchising works and the franchising policy of successive governments.

Topic: Railways

Parliamentary debate 25/4/18 - Transport for the South East
Published Tuesday, April 24, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0100
This debate will take place between 2.30 and 4.00 pm on 25 April in Westminster Hall. The Member who secured the debate is Huw Merriman MP (Con., Bexhill and Battle).

Topics: Aviation, Railways, Roads

Brexit: new guidelines on the framework for future EU-UK relations
Published Thursday, April 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8289
Brexit negotiations have resumed and this third phase will cover issues outstanding from the last phases - the Irish border in particular - and the framework for future EU-UK relations. This paper looks at how the EU and the UK envisage their relationship after Brexit.
Brexit and transport
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7633
This Commons Library briefing paper discusses some of the pertinent issues in the four main transport policy areas: aviation, railways, roads and road-based public transport, and maritime. It will be updated and expanded as more information is published and new issues emerge.
Merger of British Transport Police Scottish division with Police Scotland
Published Monday, March 5, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0058
A Westminster Hall debate on the Merger of British Transport Police Scottish division with Police Scotland is scheduled for Tuesday 6 March 2018 at 9.30am. The Member leading the debate is Douglas Ross MP.

Topics: Police, Railways

Access to transport for disabled people
Published Monday, March 5, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN00601
This paper explains the legislative frameworks and policies that apply to public transport users with disabilities or reduced mobility.
Estimates - Spending of the Department of Transport
Published Friday, February 23, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0050
The new-style Estimates day debates provides the House with an opportunity to explore and scrutinise in more detail the DfT’s spending plans and priorities.
Transport Spending by Region
Published Friday, February 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8130
Tables-based paper, outlining levels of public spending on transport by region and nation of the UK

Topics: Buses, Railways, Roads

Suicide Prevention: Policy and Strategy
Published Monday, February 5, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8221
This House of Commons Library briefing paper examines suicide prevention policies and strategies throughout the UK. It outlines national and local approaches to prevention policy in England, as well as Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It does so by considering the strategies of the UK Government, as well as the devolved administrations, through the lens of various policy perspectives.
High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 2a
Published Friday, January 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN07082
This paper summarises Phase 2a of the proposed new high speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the Bill which will give statutory and planning authority for the construction of the scheme.

Topic: Railways

Transport 2018: FAQ for MPs
Published Thursday, January 11, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7954
This paper sets out answers to commonly asked questions by Members of Parliament about various aspects of transport policy, usually related to constituency issues.
Passenger rail services in England
Published Tuesday, January 9, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06521
This paper explains how passenger rail services are provided in England and the policies of successive governments towards rail franchising. It also looks at those proposals which have been put forward for further reform – specifically more partnership working, competition, public ownership and devolution.

Topic: Railways

Topics of Interest 2018
Published Monday, January 8, 2018 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0027
This list sets out the topic areas identified of possible parliamentary interest under the 9 different category headings (Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry, Crime, Defence, Education and Skills, Energy, Environment, Health, ICT and Robotics and Transport and Infrastructure).
Laser Misuse (Vehicles) Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, December 21, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0103
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Laser Misuse (Vehicles) Bill [HL] on 9 January 2018.

Displaying 1-20 out of 132

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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