Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus. The publication of all research briefings is suspended during the pre-election period. Publication will resume on 13 December.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 146

Planning for a no-deal Brexit
Published Tuesday, November 5, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8733
After Boris Johnson became Prime Minister in July 2019 the Government intensified planning for a no-deal Brexit and stressed its intention to take the UK out of the EU on 31 October with or without a deal. But the UK remained in the EU after 31 October after a further extension of the Article 50 period was agreed with the EU. A no-deal Brexit however remains the default outcome if an agreement is not ratified. This briefing paper provides an overview of Government and EU preparations for a no-deal Brexit, and of recent reports analysing the possible impact of this outcome
Proposed reinstatement of the Colne to Skipton railway link
Published Saturday, October 26, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0229
A Westminster Hall debate on the 'Proposed reinstatement of the Colne to Skipton railway link’ has been scheduled for Tuesday 29 October 2019 from 9.30-11.00 am. The debate has been initiated by Graham P Jones MP.

Topic: Railways

Queen's Speech: Debate in the House of Lords Day 3
Published Thursday, October 10, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0127
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been published ahead of day 3 of the Lords debate on the Queen’s Speech, covering the following subjects: economic affairs, business, agriculture, environment, energy and transport.
Suicide Prevention: Policy and Strategy
Published Thursday, October 10, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8221
This House of Commons Library briefing paper examines suicide prevention policies and strategies throughout the UK. It outlines national and local approaches to prevention policy in England, as well as Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It does so by considering the strategies of the UK Government, as well as the devolved administrations, from various policy perspectives.
High Speed Rail (West Midlands–Crewe) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, August 15, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0106
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the High Speed Rail (West Midlands–Crewe) Bill on 4 September 2019.
EU preparations for a no-deal Brexit
Published Tuesday, July 30, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8547
The EU and the other 27 Member States have been preparing for a possible no-deal, or 'disorderly', Brexit. The European Commission has had a no-deal preparedness plan which is now complete, and the EU27 have also been implementing their own preparations which will take effect if the UK leaves the EU without a withdrawal agreement at the end of October 2019. This paper looks at the EU preparedness programme and at some of the EU27 measures, particularly in the area of citizens' rights.
Brexit: parliamentary scrutiny of UK replacement treaties
Published Wednesday, July 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8509
The UK is party to hundreds of international treaties with third states or organisations, many of them on trade, by virtue of its EU membership. To continue to benefit from the advantages of these agreements, the Government has been seeking to replace them in a UK bilateral context. The Government has prioritised trade agreements, but has also agreed replacement agreements covering aviation services and safety, and road transport, for example. But Parliament is not happy about the way the Government is carrying out this 'treaty continuity programme' and Committees in both Houses have called for a greater scrutiny role for Parliament in treaty-making processes. This paper looks at what has been going on and what Parliamentary Committees in both Houses have asked for. It includes a table showing where we are with scrutiny of these treaties and what sort of scrutiny they have undergone, both in their precursor form as EU treaties and currently as replacement treaties.
High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 2a
Published Thursday, July 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN07082
This paper provides general information on the proposed high-speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the Bill which would give statutory and planning authority for the construction of Phase 2a of the scheme between the West Midlands and Crewe.

Topic: Railways

The UK's EU Withdrawal Agreement
Published Monday, July 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8453
This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November 2018. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. The Agreement was debated at length in Parliament on several occasions and has been voted on three times. But the House of Commons has not endorsed it. A second extension of Article 50 took exit day to 31 October 2019, but once again the UK is faced with the possibility of leaving the EU without an agreement if this agreement or another one is not ratified by the UK and the EU.
High Speed 2: the business case, costs and spending
Published Thursday, June 27, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8601
This paper shows that while HS2 will deliver significant capacity and connectivity improvements, there are alternatives available that could deal with the capacity constraints on the West Coast Main Line at a lower cost. This paper also shows that there is still uncertainty around the costs of HS2. The estimates at the time of the 2015 Spending Review put the cost at around £65 billion (in 2015 prices). The ambitions of HS2 Ltd are to reduce the costs of the infrastructure for Phase 2b by around 40% from the 2015 Spending Review estimate.

Topic: Railways

Information on Major Infrastructure Projects
Published Wednesday, June 26, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0074
This House of Lords Library Briefing Pack contains a selection of material relevant for the forthcoming question for short debate on the Government’s provision of information on major infrastructure projects to Parliament.

Topics: Aviation, Railways, Roads

Regenerating Seaside Towns and Communities Committee Report: The Future of Seaside Towns
Published Tuesday, June 25, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0071
This House of Lords Library Briefing Pack contains a selection of material relevant for the forthcoming debate on the report from the Select Committee on Regenerating Seaside Towns and Communities 'The Future of Seaside Towns'.
Young People and Heritage Railways
Published Thursday, May 23, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0060
This House of Lords Library Briefing Pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming House of Lords debate on the report from the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Heritage Rail on ‘Engaging the Next Generation: Young People and Heritage Railways’.

Topic: Railways

Rail passenger rights, compensation & complaints
Published Monday, May 20, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8572
Both the standard and enhanced Delay Repay compensation schemes have regularly been touted as being more generous to passengers. This is true for many, but there is evidence in this paper to suggest that the shift to Delay Repay from the Passenger’s Charter has left many season ticket holders worse off.

Topic: Railways

British Transport Police (BTP)
Published Tuesday, May 14, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN03119
This paper discusses the British Transport Police (BTP): its operations, how it is overseen and current plans for its reform.

Topics: Police, Railways

Railways pension scheme (RPS)
Published Wednesday, May 1, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN03109
This note looks at the development of the Railways Pension Scheme set up in 1994 following the privatisation of British Rail

Topics: Pensions, Railways

Infrastructure Needs of London Stansted Cambridge 'Innovation Corridor'
Published Thursday, April 25, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0039
This House of Lords briefing pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming debate on the Government’s assessment of the transport infrastructure needs of the United Kingdom’s Innovation Corridor (London, Stansted, Cambridge); and to what extent the current infrastructure limits that region’s potential to contribute to the nation’s wealth.
Rail fares, ticketing & prospects for reform
Published Wednesday, April 24, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8552
Rail fares have been a sore point for passengers for some time. This is exacerbated at the turn of the year when the annual regulated fare changes are brought into effect. The fare increases, which arguably cause the most dissatisfaction for passengers, raise questions around who determines fare changes and whether there is any prospect of them being frozen or even reduced?

Topic: Railways

Investment in regional transport infrastructure
Published Friday, March 1, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0060
A Westminster Hall debate on Investment in regional transport infrastructure is scheduled for Tuesday 5 March 2019. The Member leading the debate is Dan Jarvis MP

Topics: Railways, Roads

What if there's no Brexit deal?
Published Friday, February 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8397
What could happen if the EU and UK negotiators don't agree a withdrawal agreement in time and the UK has to leave the EU on 29 March 2019 without one - and with no framework for future relations either? This paper looks at how such a situation might come about, the constitutional implications for the UK and in some cases for the devolved administrations, and what the impact might be in a range of policy areas.

Topics: Administration of justice, Agriculture, Animals, Aviation, Benefits administration, Benefits policy, Business support, Central government, Children and families, Civil law, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Competition, Constitution, Consumers, Crime, Criminal law, Defence equipment and procurement, Defence policy, Devolution, Divorce, Economic policy, Economic situation, Electricity, Employment, Energy, Environmental protection, EU budget, EU defence policy, EU external relations, EU grants and loans, EU law and treaties, Europe, European Commission, European Council, European Parliament, Family benefits, Family law, Financial institutions, Financial services, Fisheries, Food, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Freedom of information, Health finance, Health services, Health staff and professions, Higher education, Housing benefits, Human rights, Immigration, Industrial health and safety, Industry, Information technology, Intellectual property, International development, International economic relations, International law, International organisations, International politics and government, International trade, Legislative process, Medicine, Military operations, Nuclear power, Overseas territories, Parliament, Pensions, Pollution, Privacy, Public expenditure, Railways, Regulation, Renewable energy, Research and innovation, Roads, Science, Shipping, Sickness, disability and carers' benefits, Small businesses, Standards, Students, Taxation, Teachers, Terrorism, Utilities, Waste management, Water, Working age benefits

Displaying 1-20 out of 146

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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