This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.
Railways (minimum service levels) Bill 2019-20
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8796
The Railways (minimum service levels) Bill 2019-20 was announced in the Queen’s Speech on 19 December 2019
No date is yet available for second reading.
Economic Affairs Committee Report: Rethinking High Speed 2
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Lords Library notes LLN-2020-0015
This House of Lords Library Briefing contains a selection of material relevant for the forthcoming debate in the House of Lords on the report from the House of Lords Economic Affairs Committee ‘Rethinking High Speed 2’.
Pavement and on-street parking in England
Published Tuesday, January 14, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers SN01170
This paper outlines the general legal position on what is generally called ‘pavement parking’ and the measures available to the police and local authorities to tackle it.
Petrol and diesel prices
Published Monday, January 13, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers SN04712
Average mid-December prices for petrol and diesel were 124.7 and 129.8 pence per litre respectively. They have changed relatively little over the past 12 months. The UK has the 9th highest petrol and 2nd highest diesel prices in the EU
Electric vehicles and infrastructure
Published Monday, January 13, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7480
This paper explains what electric vehicles are and how successive governments have planned for infrastructure and provided vehicle grants and incentives to encourage and accommodate their growth. It also sets out how the electricity grid is preparing to accommodate any increased demand from EV charging and looks at comparative emissions from EVs and conventional vehicles.
Social security benefits for older people with mobility needs
Published Friday, January 10, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers SN07160
Both Disability Living Allowance and Personal Independence Payment (which is replacing DLA) provide help with the extra costs disabled people face when getting around. The DLA or PIP mobility component can continue to be paid indefinitely, but there is an upper age limit for new claims - now the State Pension Age. This means that some older people cannot get benefits for mobility needs and cannot access linked schemes such as Motability.
Queen's Speech: Debate in the House of Lords Day 3
Published Friday, January 3, 2020 | Lords Library notes LLN-2020-0003
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been published ahead of day 3 of the Lords debate on the December 2019 Queen’s Speech, covering the following subjects: economic affairs, business and public services
Topics: Aviation, Business support, Companies, Economic policy, Economic situation, Financial institutions, Financial services, Health finance, Health services, Health staff and professions, Housing, Industrial relations, Information technology, Media, Medicine, National insurance, Patient rights and complaints, Pay, Pensions, Public expenditure, Railways, Regulation, Roads, Schools, Small businesses, Sports and Olympic Games, Taxation
Planning for a no-deal Brexit
Published Tuesday, November 5, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8733
After Boris Johnson became Prime Minister in July 2019 the Government intensified planning for a no-deal Brexit and stressed its intention to take the UK out of the EU on 31 October with or without a deal. But the UK remained in the EU after 31 October after a further extension of the Article 50 period was agreed with the EU. A no-deal Brexit however remains the default outcome if an agreement is not ratified. This briefing paper provides an overview of Government and EU preparations for a no-deal Brexit, and of recent reports analysing the possible impact of this outcome
Topics: Agriculture, Aviation, Business support, Economic policy, Energy, Environmental protection, EU budget, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, Europe, Fisheries, Food, Immigration, Industry, International trade, Legislative process, Medicine, Parliament, Public expenditure, Railways, Roads, Shipping, Unemployment
Proposed reinstatement of the Colne to Skipton railway link
Published Saturday, October 26, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0229
A Westminster Hall debate on the 'Proposed reinstatement of the Colne to Skipton railway link’ has been scheduled for Tuesday 29 October 2019 from 9.30-11.00 am. The debate has been initiated by Graham P Jones MP.
Taxation of road fuels
Published Monday, October 21, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN00824
This note discusses the approach of Labour, Coalition and Conservative Governments since 2010 to taxing road fuels. Figures for the tax take since 1990, as well as duty rates over this period, are given in a statistical appendix.
Revisions to the Political Declaration on the framework for future EU-UK relations
Published Friday, October 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8714
The UK and EU agreed a revised Political Declaration on the framework for the future UK-EU relationship on 17 October. This Briefing provides an outline of the contents of the Declaration and the key changes in the revised text
Topics: Agriculture, Armed forces, Aviation, Central government, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Competition, Defence policy, Economic policy, Employment, Energy, Environmental protection, EU defence policy, EU external relations, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, EU political integration, Europe, Human rights, Intellectual property, International law, International trade, Military operations, Parliament, Regulation, Science, Shipping, Standards
No-deal Brexit: A guide to Commons Library research
Published Friday, October 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8682
The No-deal Brexit: A guide to Commons Library research is an annotated bibliography of sources published by the House of Commons Library on a potential no-deal Brexit. It will be updated regularly. Links to the papers included in the resource are available on this page, the downloadable version includes additional comment on some of the selected papers.
Topics: Administration of justice, Agriculture, Animals, Armed forces, Asylum, Aviation, Benefits administration, Benefits policy, Business support, Central government, Children and families, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Consumers, Defence policy, Devolution, Divorce, Economic and monetary union, Economic policy, Economic situation, Energy, Environmental protection, EU budget, EU defence policy, EU enlargement, EU external relations, EU grants and loans, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, EU political integration, Family law, Financial services, Fisheries, Food, Health services, Higher education, Immigration, Industry, Information technology, Intelligence services, International development, International economic relations, International law, International trade, Nationality, Parliament, Pensions, Regulation, Research and innovation, Science, Security industry, Shipping, Small businesses, Standards, Utilities
Queen's Speech: Debate in the House of Lords Day 3
Published Thursday, October 10, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0127
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been published ahead of day 3 of the Lords debate on the Queen’s Speech, covering the following subjects: economic affairs, business, agriculture, environment, energy and transport.
Topics: Agriculture and environment, Animal welfare, Aviation, Biodiversity, Buses, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Construction industry, Consumers, Countryside, Economic policy, Farmers, Fisheries, Food, Forestry, Manufacturing industries, Marine environment, National insurance, Nature conservation, Organic farming, Pay, Pollution, Public expenditure, Railways, Regulation, Service industries, Small businesses, Tourism, Unemployment, Utilities, World economy
Suicide Prevention: Policy and Strategy
Published Thursday, October 10, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8221
This House of Commons Library briefing paper examines suicide prevention policies and strategies throughout the UK. It outlines national and local approaches to prevention policy in England, as well as Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It does so by considering the strategies of the UK Government, as well as the devolved administrations, from various policy perspectives.
Topics: Armed forces, Benefits policy, Civil law, Criminal law, Employment, Employment schemes, Further education, Health services, Higher education, Local government, Media, Mental health, Prisons, Railways, Schools, Sickness, disability and carers' benefits, Students, Working age benefits
Naval shipbuilding: September 2019 update
Published Thursday, September 19, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8665
The Government has selected its preferred bidder to build the Royal Navy's new frigates. This Commons Library update examines progress on the shipbuilding strategy and the main surface ship programmes: frigates, support ships and offshore patrol vessels.
Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) for new motorhomes
Published Friday, September 6, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8639
Several industry groups have expressed their concern that Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) for newly registered motorhomes increased on 1 September 2019. This Commons Library Briefing Paper provides an overview of how and why these changes will take effect.
Concessionary bus fares
Published Tuesday, August 20, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN01499
This note explains the legislation covering concessionary bus fares in England. It briefly summarises the positions in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
High Speed Rail (West Midlands–Crewe) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, August 15, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0106
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the High Speed Rail (West Midlands–Crewe) Bill on 4 September 2019.
Topics: Regional planning and development, Agriculture and environment, Biodiversity, Climate change, Countryside, Farmers, Forestry, Hedges and ditches, Nature conservation, Pollution, Public expenditure, Railways, Roads, Wildlife