Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 341

High Speed 2: the business case, costs and spending
Published Thursday, June 20, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8601
This paper shows that while HS2 will deliver significant capacity and connectivity improvements, there are alternatives available that deal with the capacity constraints on the West Coast Main Line at a much lower cost. This paper also reveals that concerns remain around the costs of HS2. The estimates at the time of the 2015 Spending Review put the cost at around £65 billion (in 2015 prices). The ambitions of HS2 Ltd are to reduce the costs of the infrastructure for Phase 2b by around 40% from the 2015 Spending Review estimate.

Topic: Railways

Active travel and local walking and cycling infrastructure plans
Published Thursday, June 20, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0159
A Westminster Hall debate on ‘Active travel and local walking and cycling infrastructure plans’ has been scheduled for Tuesday 9 July 2019 from 9.30-11.00am. The debate has been initiated by Robert Courts MP and Stephen Morgan MP.

Topics: Cycling, Roads

Dangerous driving (e-petition 236952)
Published Thursday, June 13, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0155
The House of Commons Petitions Committee has scheduled a debate in Westminster Hall on the motion “That this House has considered e-petition 236952 relating to "Violet-Grace’s Law - Life sentences for Death by Dangerous Driving” on Monday 8 July at 4.30pm. Helen Jones MP, the Chair of the Committee, will open the debate.

Topics: Criminal law, Roads

Debate on an e-petition relating to the identification of pets
Published Thursday, June 13, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0153
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Monday 17 June 2019 on an e-petition relating to the identification of pets. The subject for the debate has been chosen by the Petitions Committee and the debate will be opened by Martyn Day MP.
Free Public Transport and TV Licences for Older People
Published Thursday, June 6, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0069
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate on of the case for the provision of free public transport and TV licences for older persons as a means to alleviate loneliness and isolation and the broader need to maintain well-funded public services to support care for the elderly which is due to take place in the House of Lords on 13 June 2019.
EU preparations for a no-deal Brexit
Published Thursday, May 30, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8547
The EU and the other 27 Member States have been preparing for a possible no-deal Brexit. The European Commission has had a no-deal preparedness plan which is now complete, and the EU27 have also been implementing their own preparations which will take effect if the UK leaves the EU without a withdrawal agreement at the end of October. This paper looks at the EU programme and at some of the EU27 measures, particularly in the area of citizens' rights.
Brexit: parliamentary scrutiny of UK replacement treaties
Published Friday, May 24, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8509
The UK is party to hundreds of international treaties with third states or organisations, many of them on trade, by virtue of its EU membership. To continue to benefit from the advantages of these agreements, the Government has been seeking to replace them in a UK bilateral context. The Government has prioritised trade agreements, but has also agreed replacement agreements covering aviation services and safety, and road transport, for example. But Parliament is not happy about the way the Government is carrying out this 'treaty continuity programme' and Committees in both Houses have called for a greater scrutiny role for Parliament in treaty-making processes. This paper looks at what has been going on and what Parliamentary Committees in both Houses have asked for. It includes a table showing where we are with these treaties so far and what sort of scrutiny they have undergone in their original form as EU treaties and currently as replacement treaties.
Young People and Heritage Railways
Published Thursday, May 23, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0060
This House of Lords Library Briefing Pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming House of Lords debate on the report from the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Heritage Rail on ‘Engaging the Next Generation: Young People and Heritage Railways’.

Topic: Railways

Rail passenger rights, compensation & complaints
Published Monday, May 20, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8572
Both the standard and enhanced Delay Repay compensation schemes have regularly been touted as being more generous to passengers. This is true for many, but there is evidence in this paper to suggest that the shift to Delay Repay from the Passenger’s Charter has left many season ticket holders worse off.

Topic: Railways

British Transport Police (BTP)
Published Tuesday, May 14, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN03119
This paper discusses the British Transport Police (BTP): its operations, how it is overseen and current plans for its reform.

Topics: Police, Railways

General debate on Local Bus Drivers’ Working Hours
Published Tuesday, May 14, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0116
A Westminster Hall debate on ‘Local Bus Drivers’ Working Hours’ has been scheduled for Thursday 16 May 2019 at 3pm. The debate has been initiated by Matt Western MP.

Topic: Buses

Railways pension scheme (RPS)
Published Wednesday, May 1, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN03109
This note looks at the development of the Railways Pension Scheme set up in 1994 following the privatisation of British Rail

Topics: Pensions, Railways

Infrastructure Needs of London Stansted Cambridge 'Innovation Corridor'
Published Thursday, April 25, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0039
This House of Lords briefing pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming debate on the Government’s assessment of the transport infrastructure needs of the United Kingdom’s Innovation Corridor (London, Stansted, Cambridge); and to what extent the current infrastructure limits that region’s potential to contribute to the nation’s wealth.
Rail fares, ticketing & prospects for reform
Published Wednesday, April 24, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8552
Rail fares have been a sore point for passengers for some time. This is exacerbated at the turn of the year when the annual regulated fare changes are brought into effect. The fare increases, which arguably cause the most dissatisfaction for passengers, raise questions around who determines fare changes and whether there is any prospect of them being frozen or even reduced?

Topic: Railways

The UK's EU Withdrawal Agreement
Published Thursday, April 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8453
This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister has promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. The Agreement has been debated at length in Parliament on several occasions and, with the Political Declaration on the future EU-UK relationship, has been put to the so-called 'meaningful vote' twice - in January and March 2019. But the House of Commons has not yet endorsed it and time is running out for UK approval before the default exit date of 29 March 2019.
Investment in regional transport infrastructure
Published Friday, March 1, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0060
A Westminster Hall debate on Investment in regional transport infrastructure is scheduled for Tuesday 5 March 2019. The Member leading the debate is Dan Jarvis MP

Topics: Railways, Roads

Street works in England
Published Tuesday, February 19, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8500
This paper sets out the rights of utility companies and others to undertake street works and the powers available to street authorities to manage and mitigate those works.

Topic: Roads

Local road maintenance in England
Published Tuesday, February 19, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8383
This paper describes the governance and funding framework in which local authorities in England maintain and repair the local road network.

Topic: Roads

What if there's no Brexit deal?
Published Friday, February 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8397
What could happen if the EU and UK negotiators don't agree a withdrawal agreement in time and the UK has to leave the EU on 29 March 2019 without one - and with no framework for future relations either? This paper looks at how such a situation might come about, the constitutional implications for the UK and in some cases for the devolved administrations, and what the impact might be in a range of policy areas.

Topics: Administration of justice, Agriculture, Animals, Aviation, Benefits administration, Benefits policy, Business support, Central government, Children and families, Civil law, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Competition, Constitution, Consumers, Crime, Criminal law, Defence equipment and procurement, Defence policy, Devolution, Divorce, Economic policy, Economic situation, Electricity, Employment, Energy, Environmental protection, EU budget, EU defence policy, EU external relations, EU grants and loans, EU law and treaties, Europe, European Commission, European Council, European Parliament, Family benefits, Family law, Financial institutions, Financial services, Fisheries, Food, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Freedom of information, Health finance, Health services, Health staff and professions, Higher education, Housing benefits, Human rights, Immigration, Industrial health and safety, Industry, Information technology, Intellectual property, International development, International economic relations, International law, International organisations, International politics and government, International trade, Legislative process, Medicine, Military operations, Nuclear power, Overseas territories, Parliament, Pensions, Pollution, Privacy, Public expenditure, Railways, Regulation, Renewable energy, Research and innovation, Roads, Science, Shipping, Sickness, disability and carers' benefits, Small businesses, Standards, Students, Taxation, Teachers, Terrorism, Utilities, Waste management, Water, Working age benefits

Great Western (GWR) delays and performance across the network
Published Friday, February 1, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0023
This is a Westminster Hall debate for one and a half hours, initiated by Stephen Doughty MP, on Great Western Rail delays and performance across the network that will take place on Tuesday 5 February 2019 at 9.30am.

Topic: Railways

Displaying 1-20 out of 341

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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