Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 344

High Speed Rail (West Midlands–Crewe) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, August 15, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0106
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the High Speed Rail (West Midlands–Crewe) Bill on 4 September 2019.
Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) for new motorhomes
Published Thursday, August 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8639
Several industry groups have expressed their concern that Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) for newly registered motorhomes will increase on 1 September 2019. This Commons Library Briefing Paper provides an overview of how and why these changes will take effect.

Topics: Roads, Taxation

EU preparations for a no-deal Brexit
Published Tuesday, July 30, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8547
The EU and the other 27 Member States have been preparing for a possible no-deal, or 'disorderly', Brexit. The European Commission has had a no-deal preparedness plan which is now complete, and the EU27 have also been implementing their own preparations which will take effect if the UK leaves the EU without a withdrawal agreement at the end of October 2019. This paper looks at the EU preparedness programme and at some of the EU27 measures, particularly in the area of citizens' rights.
Brexit: parliamentary scrutiny of UK replacement treaties
Published Wednesday, July 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8509
The UK is party to hundreds of international treaties with third states or organisations, many of them on trade, by virtue of its EU membership. To continue to benefit from the advantages of these agreements, the Government has been seeking to replace them in a UK bilateral context. The Government has prioritised trade agreements, but has also agreed replacement agreements covering aviation services and safety, and road transport, for example. But Parliament is not happy about the way the Government is carrying out this 'treaty continuity programme' and Committees in both Houses have called for a greater scrutiny role for Parliament in treaty-making processes. This paper looks at what has been going on and what Parliamentary Committees in both Houses have asked for. It includes a table showing where we are with scrutiny of these treaties and what sort of scrutiny they have undergone, both in their precursor form as EU treaties and currently as replacement treaties.
High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 2a
Published Thursday, July 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN07082
This paper provides general information on the proposed high-speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the Bill which would give statutory and planning authority for the construction of Phase 2a of the scheme between the West Midlands and Crewe.

Topic: Railways

Brexit: Owning a Second Home in the EU27
Published Tuesday, July 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8614
This paper compiles responses to a variety of frequently asked questions by MPs on behalf of their constituents who own property in another Member State but do not live there full-time, and wish to know what will change for them after Brexit.
The UK's EU Withdrawal Agreement
Published Monday, July 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8453
This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November 2018. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. The Agreement was debated at length in Parliament on several occasions and has been voted on three times. But the House of Commons has not endorsed it. A second extension of Article 50 took exit day to 31 October 2019, but once again the UK is faced with the possibility of leaving the EU without an agreement if this agreement or another one is not ratified by the UK and the EU.
Active travel and local walking and cycling infrastructure plans: Debate Pack
Published Friday, July 5, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0159
A Westminster Hall debate on ‘Active travel and local walking and cycling infrastructure plans’ has been scheduled for Tuesday 9 July 2019 from 9.30-11.00am. The debate has been initiated by Robert Courts MP and Stephen Morgan MP.

Topics: Cycling, Roads

Active travel: Trends, policy and funding
Published Friday, July 5, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8615
Active travel means making journeys by physically active means, like walking or cycling. Given active travel is a devolved policy area, this briefing relates primarily to active travel policies in England.

Topic: Cycling

Dangerous driving (e-petition 236952)
Published Thursday, July 4, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0155
The House of Commons Petitions Committee has scheduled a debate in Westminster Hall on the motion “That this House has considered e-petition 236952 relating to "Violet-Grace’s Law - Life sentences for Death by Dangerous Driving” on Monday 8 July at 4.30pm. Helen Jones MP, the Chair of the Committee, will open the debate.

Topics: Criminal law, Roads

Debate on a Motion on Ending the Sale of New Petrol and Diesel Cars and Vans
Published Tuesday, July 2, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0172
A debate on a motion to end the sale of new petrol and diesel cars and vans will be held in the Commons Chamber on 4 July 2019. This debate is sponsored by the Backbench Business Committee.

Topic: Roads

Electric vehicles and infrastructure
Published Friday, June 28, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7480
This paper explains what electric vehicles are and how successive governments have planned for infrastructure and provided vehicle grants and incentives to encourage and accommodate their growth. It also sets out how the electricity grid is preparing to accommodate any increased demand from EV charging and looks at comparative emissions from EVs and conventional vehicles.
High Speed 2: the business case, costs and spending
Published Thursday, June 27, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8601
This paper shows that while HS2 will deliver significant capacity and connectivity improvements, there are alternatives available that could deal with the capacity constraints on the West Coast Main Line at a lower cost. This paper also shows that there is still uncertainty around the costs of HS2. The estimates at the time of the 2015 Spending Review put the cost at around £65 billion (in 2015 prices). The ambitions of HS2 Ltd are to reduce the costs of the infrastructure for Phase 2b by around 40% from the 2015 Spending Review estimate.

Topic: Railways

Information on Major Infrastructure Projects
Published Wednesday, June 26, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0074
This House of Lords Library Briefing Pack contains a selection of material relevant for the forthcoming question for short debate on the Government’s provision of information on major infrastructure projects to Parliament.

Topics: Aviation, Railways, Roads

Regenerating Seaside Towns and Communities Committee Report: The Future of Seaside Towns
Published Tuesday, June 25, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0071
This House of Lords Library Briefing Pack contains a selection of material relevant for the forthcoming debate on the report from the Select Committee on Regenerating Seaside Towns and Communities 'The Future of Seaside Towns'.
Debate on an e-petition relating to the identification of pets
Published Thursday, June 13, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0153
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Monday 17 June 2019 on an e-petition relating to the identification of pets. The subject for the debate has been chosen by the Petitions Committee and the debate will be opened by Martyn Day MP.
Free Public Transport and TV Licences for Older People
Published Thursday, June 6, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0069
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate on of the case for the provision of free public transport and TV licences for older persons as a means to alleviate loneliness and isolation and the broader need to maintain well-funded public services to support care for the elderly which is due to take place in the House of Lords on 13 June 2019.
Young People and Heritage Railways
Published Thursday, May 23, 2019 | Lords Briefing packs LBP-2019-0060
This House of Lords Library Briefing Pack contains a selection of material relevant to the forthcoming House of Lords debate on the report from the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Heritage Rail on ‘Engaging the Next Generation: Young People and Heritage Railways’.

Topic: Railways

Rail passenger rights, compensation & complaints
Published Monday, May 20, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8572
Both the standard and enhanced Delay Repay compensation schemes have regularly been touted as being more generous to passengers. This is true for many, but there is evidence in this paper to suggest that the shift to Delay Repay from the Passenger’s Charter has left many season ticket holders worse off.

Topic: Railways

British Transport Police (BTP)
Published Tuesday, May 14, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN03119
This paper discusses the British Transport Police (BTP): its operations, how it is overseen and current plans for its reform.

Topics: Police, Railways

Displaying 1-20 out of 344

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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