Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 423

Brexit: a reading list of post-EU Referendum publications by Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies
Published Tuesday, July 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7912
This reading list brings together briefings on Brexit by the Parliamentary libraries and the Devolved Assembly research services with reports by Parliamentary and Devolved Assembly committees following the result of the EU Referendum on 23 June 2016.
Brexit: devolved legislature business
Published Tuesday, July 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7815
This paper is a record of Brexit-related business in the devolved legislatures. It is updated every Monday when the legislatures are in session.
UK progress in rolling over EU trade agreements
Published Friday, July 19, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7792
This short note provides a list of EU trade agreements in force.
Brexit: parliamentary scrutiny of UK replacement treaties
Published Wednesday, July 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8509
The UK is party to hundreds of international treaties with third states or organisations, many of them on trade, by virtue of its EU membership. To continue to benefit from the advantages of these agreements, the Government has been seeking to replace them in a UK bilateral context. The Government has prioritised trade agreements, but has also agreed replacement agreements covering aviation services and safety, and road transport, for example. But Parliament is not happy about the way the Government is carrying out this 'treaty continuity programme' and Committees in both Houses have called for a greater scrutiny role for Parliament in treaty-making processes. This paper looks at what has been going on and what Parliamentary Committees in both Houses have asked for. It includes a table showing where we are with scrutiny of these treaties and what sort of scrutiny they have undergone, both in their precursor form as EU treaties and currently as replacement treaties.
EU preparations for a no-deal Brexit
Published Tuesday, July 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8547
The EU and the other 27 Member States have been preparing for a possible no-deal, or 'disorderly', Brexit. The European Commission has had a no-deal preparedness plan which is now complete, and the EU27 have also been implementing their own preparations which will take effect if the UK leaves the EU without a withdrawal agreement at the end of October 2019. This paper looks at the EU preparedness programme and at some of the EU27 measures, particularly in the area of citizens' rights.
Brexit debates 2019
Published Monday, July 15, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8489
This paper provides links to a selection of debates that have referenced Brexit in the title or during a debate in 2019. This paper will be updated periodically.
Brexit statements
Published Monday, July 15, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8467
This paper provides links to a selection of statements both written and oral that have referenced Brexit in the title or in the statement since the EU referendum. This paper will be updated periodically.
2019 CJEU Judgments in Summary
Published Tuesday, July 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8573
This briefing paper summarises a selection of Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) judgments from 2019.
Brexit: Owning a Second Home in the EU27
Published Tuesday, July 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8614
This paper compiles responses to a variety of frequently asked questions by MPs on behalf of their constituents who own property in another Member State but do not live there full-time, and wish to know what will change for them after Brexit.
The UK's EU Withdrawal Agreement
Published Monday, July 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8453
This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November 2018. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. The Agreement was debated at length in Parliament on several occasions and has been voted on three times. But the House of Commons has not endorsed it. A second extension of Article 50 took exit day to 31 October 2019, but once again the UK is faced with the possibility of leaving the EU without an agreement if this agreement or another one is not ratified by the UK and the EU.
Animal Sentience and Brexit
Published Monday, July 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8155
The Government is reviewing the recognition of animal sentience and the need for UK legislation after Brexit. It has also announced it will legislate to increase the maximum sentence for animal cruelty offences.
European Parliament elections 2019: results and analysis
Published Wednesday, June 26, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8600
This briefing paper analyses the results of the 2019 European Parliament elections, focussing on both the UK and EU-wide results. It also analyses the repercussions for the EU, in terms of the balance of forces within the new Parliament and its impact on the forthcoming appointment process for the top jobs in the EU, including the European Commission Presidency.
The UK's contribution to the EU budget
Published Monday, June 24, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7886
This note considers how much the UK contributes to the EU budget and how much it receives back. Potential payments to the EU on or after Brexit - such as the exit bill - are also discussed.
EU State Aid rules and WTO Subsidies Agreement
Published Wednesday, June 12, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN06775
As a member of the EU and of the WTO, the UK must follow a number of rules when providing assistance to businesses and industries. This note explains the rules around state aid and subsidies, their motivations and differences. It also looks at what might change after the UK leaves the EU.
Prorogation of Parliament
Published Tuesday, June 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8589
This briefing paper explains what it means to "prorogue" Parliament, under what authority it is done, and what its consequences are. It also provides historical and international context for prorogation, and explains its relevance to the Brexit process.
EU Settlement Scheme
Published Thursday, June 6, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8584
This briefing provides an overview of the EU Settlement Scheme (EUSS). The scheme has been introduced to allow EU, EEA and Swiss nationals, and their close family members, to apply to remain in the UK following its departure from the European Union.
Brexit Glossary
Published Wednesday, June 5, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7840
This Commons Library research briefing contains a list of commonly-used terms and acronyms that have needed clarification since the United Kingdom voted in the June 2016 EU referendum.
World Trade in 2019: the US and the WTO
Published Tuesday, June 4, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8465
What is happening in the World Trade Organization, and how does this relate to the current US administration's trade policy? This briefing paper explores these two issues, and considers what consequences they might have for a post-Brexit UK.
Brexit questions in national and EU courts
Published Monday, June 3, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8415
It has been predicted that Brexit issues will give rise to many legal actions in UK and other Member States' courts, and the Court of Justice of the EU. While there have not yet been a great many, several cases have been brought by UK citizens living in other EU Member States, while other cases have been interesting for their implications for the UK's future relations with the EU. This paper looks at issues that have been the subject of legal action in UK and EU courts.
The European Intervention Initiative (EI2)
Published Tuesday, May 28, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8432
The European Intervention Initiative (EII/EI2) is a French-led initiative set out by President Macron in September 2017 as part of his vision for a “sovereign, united and democratic Europe”. In order to achieve that ambition he put forward proposals for a common European intervention force and a common doctrine for action, independent of the European Union. Ten European countries, including the UK, are involved in the initiative.

Displaying 1-20 out of 423

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