Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 382

Brexit reading list: general coverage
Published Tuesday, September 18, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7958
This paper provides links to a selection of analysis and comment on general ‘Brexit’ coverage.
Brexit: devolved legislature business
Published Monday, September 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7815
This paper is a record of Brexit-related business in the devolved legislatures. It is updated every Monday when the legislatures are in session.
Brexit and Governance of the UK-EU Relationship
Published Friday, September 14, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8401
How are relations between the UK and the EU governed at the moment and what will happen after Brexit? This paper looks at the EU and UK proposals to date on how EU law will be observed and how disputes about this will be dealt with.
Brexit: UK agriculture policy
Published Tuesday, September 11, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8218
Brexit requires the UK to have a new agriculture policy. The UK Government and devolved legislatures have set out proposals for supporting farmers whilst enhancing the environment. This Commons Library briefing has been updated ahead of publication of an Agriculture Bill in order to set out the policy context. The Library will provide distinct briefing on the Bill ahead of its Second Reading.
What if there's no Brexit deal?
Published Monday, September 10, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8397
What could happen if the EU and UK negotiators don't agree a withdrawal agreement in time and the UK has to leave the EU on 29 March 2019 without one - and with no framework for future relations either? This paper looks at how such a situation might come about, the constitutional implications for the UK and the devolved administrations, and what the impact might be in a range of policy areas.
A guide to the EU budget
Published Friday, September 7, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06455
This note considers the EU's spending and how it is financed.

Topic: EU budget

Brexit: energy and climate change
Published Thursday, September 6, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8394
A House of Commons Library Briefing Paper discussing key energy and climate change policy in the UK, the status of related Brexit negotiations and the possible impact of Brexit on these policy areas, including in relation to a no deal scenario.
Fisheries: Brexit Negotiations
Published Thursday, September 6, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8396
Following Brexit, the UK will no longer be part of the EU Common Fisheries Policy. It will become an independent coastal state and be fully responsible for managing fisheries in the UK’s Exclusive Economic Zone of 200 miles.
Brexit: public procurement
Published Wednesday, September 5, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8390
Overview of the expected effects of Brexit on public procurement and future policy choices for the UK.
The Brexit White Paper on future relations and alternative proposals
Published Tuesday, August 28, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8387
The Government published its White Paper on future relations between the UK and the EU on 12 July. It envisages a 'common rulebook' to facilitate 'frictionless' trade, and among other things, UK cooperation in security matters, a commitment to maintain high environmental, data and consumer protection standards, UK participation in some EU agencies and solutions to the Irish border issues - all underpinned by a new governance structure that will pay "due regard" to the EU Court. Would the White Paper proposals work and do they respect both UK sovereignty and the indivisibility of the EU Single Market? David Davis's 'alternative' white paper proposes a somewhat different future relationship. This paper looks at proposals in both documents.
Brexit and financial services
Published Thursday, August 23, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7628
This Commons Library briefing paper brings together responses from financial organisations about the impact of the vote to leave the EU,. The vote to leave the EU has significant implications for the financial services sector, an economic sector which is critical to the UK economy. The degree of inter-linkage between the ‘City’ and the EU economies is substantial economically speaking and intricate in terms of the legislative interface.
Brexit reading list: Global Britain
Published Tuesday, August 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8338
‘Global Britain’ has become a rallying cry for those who want to see the UK stride confidently into a post-Brexit future. Opponents of Brexit say that this perspective ignores the damage being done to the UK’s national interests by leaving the European Union.
The Nuclear Safeguards Act 2018
Published Friday, August 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8107
The Nuclear Safeguards Act 2018 makes provision for nuclear safeguards after the UK leaves Euratom. This Briefing Paper discusses the background to and content of the Bill, and details the Bill's progression through the legislative process.
Brexit debates 2018
Published Tuesday, August 14, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8246
This paper provides links to a selection of debates that have referenced Brexit in the title or during a debate in 2018. This paper will be updated periodically.
Brexit and the environment
Published Wednesday, August 8, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8132
A House of Commons Library Briefing paper discussing current environmental law and policy in the UK and in the devolved nations; preparations for Brexit and potential impacts of Brexit; and actions and proposals being taken at a domestic level for both the UK and each of the nations in the UK.
Animal Sentience and Brexit
Published Wednesday, August 8, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8155
The Government is reviewing the recognition of animal sentience and the need for UK legislation after Brexit. It has also announced it will legislate to increase the maximum sentence for animal cruelty offences.
The status of "retained EU Law"
Published Tuesday, July 31, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8375
As the UK leaves the EU, it is converting most of EU law into a new type of domestic law. "Retained EU law" is created by the EU (Withdrawal) Act 2018 and will come into effect on "exit day" (29 March 2019). But what is this new law, who can change it, and how?
Brexit: the exit bill
Published Monday, July 30, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8039
The UK and EU have reached a political agreement on how to settle their financial commitments to each other after Brexit. Broadly speaking, the obligations arose largely as a consequence of the UK participating in the EU Budget, and also commitments related to broader aspects of the UK’s membership of the EU. The media have labelled this as an ‘exit bill’ or ‘divorce bill’, the EU see it as a matter of ‘settling the accounts’.
UK adoption of EU external agreements after Brexit
Published Tuesday, July 24, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8370
The UK Government has said it is seeking to rollover the EU’s free and preferential trade agreements covering more than 70 non-EU countries. The EU currently has more than 1,000 international agreements with non-EU countries covering myriad regulatory and policy issues. It is not clear how many require action to ensure continuity in the UK’s relations with these countries post-Brexit.

Displaying 1-20 out of 382

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House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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