Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 1158

Brexit: devolved legislature business
Published Monday, September 24, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7815
This paper is a record of Brexit-related business in the devolved legislatures. It is updated every Monday when the legislatures are in session.
MPs' changes of party allegiance in the House of Commons since 1979
Published Friday, September 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN02537
This list notes when a Member has changed allegiance from one political party to another or decided to sit as an independent MP. Instances of Members losing or resigning a party whip are also noted.
Public procurement and contracts
Published Wednesday, September 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06029
Procurement accounts for about a third of public spending in the UK. This briefing looks at the legislation and guidance that governs procurement, and government policy in this area. It also looks at problems with procurement and contracts, and offers some pointers on how to find out more about particular contracts.
Political disengagement in the UK: who is disengaged?
Published Friday, September 14, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7501
This Commons Library Briefing Paper provides information about which groups in the UK are considered to be politically disengaged, and why. This paper will use the term ‘political disengagement’ to capture certain behaviours and attitudes towards the political system. It uses a range of different sources, which are referenced in the PDF.
Brexit and Governance of the UK-EU Relationship
Published Friday, September 14, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8401
How are relations between the UK and the EU governed at the moment and what will happen after Brexit? This paper looks at the EU and UK proposals to date on how EU law will be observed and how disputes about this will be dealt with.
What if there's no Brexit deal?
Published Monday, September 10, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8397
What could happen if the EU and UK negotiators don't agree a withdrawal agreement in time and the UK has to leave the EU on 29 March 2019 without one - and with no framework for future relations either? This paper looks at how such a situation might come about, the constitutional implications for the UK and the devolved administrations, and what the impact might be in a range of policy areas.
Suicide Prevention: Policy and Strategy
Published Monday, September 10, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8221
This House of Commons Library briefing paper examines suicide prevention policies and strategies throughout the UK. It outlines national and local approaches to prevention policy in England, as well as Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It does so by considering the strategies of the UK Government, as well as the devolved administrations, from various policy perspectives.
Proxy voting in divisions in the House
Published Thursday, September 6, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8359
On 13 September 2018, there will be a general debate on proxy voting in divisions in the House of Commons.
Anonymous electoral registration
Published Wednesday, September 5, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8202
Anonymous registration allows people whose safety would be at risk if their name or address were listed on the electoral register, for example survivors of domestic abuse, to register to vote without their details made public. This note outlines the current requirements.
The Parliamentary Constituencies (Amendment) Bill 2017-19
Published Wednesday, September 5, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8164
The Parliamentary Constituencies (Amendment) Bill 2017-19 is a Private Member's Bill that seeks to change the Rules for Redistribution of Parliamentary constituencies. This briefing summarises the main changes that the Bill would make if passed.
Brexit: public procurement
Published Wednesday, September 5, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8390
Overview of the expected effects of Brexit on public procurement and future policy choices for the UK.
Free votes in the House of Commons since 1997
Published Tuesday, September 4, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN04793
A list of known free (not whipped) votes in the House of Commons since 1997.
Maiden Speeches in the House of Commons since 2015
Published Monday, September 3, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN04588
Maiden speeches by newly elected MPs in the 2015 and 2017 Parliaments with data from 1918 in the attached spreadsheet.
Membership of UK political parties
Published Monday, September 3, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN05125
As of April 2018, Labour had 540,000 members, compared to just under 125,500 SNP members as of August 2018, and 124,000 Conservative members reported in March 2018. As of August 2018, The Liberal Democrats had 99,200, Green Party 39,400, UKIP 23,600 and Plaid Cymru 8,000 members. Party membership has risen notably since 2013, both in total and as a percentage of the electorate.ghgh
Public spending: a brief introduction
Published Tuesday, August 28, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8046
The government expects to spend £813 billion in 2018-19, the most it has ever spent in cash terms. This money can be categorised in a number of different ways, including the method by which the spending was planned, the governmental function it is spent on, the departments and public bodies doing the spending, and the geographical areas where the money is spent. This note describes the different ways in which public spending is categorised, and presents statistics and commentary on recent spending in each category.
The Brexit White Paper on future relations and alternative proposals
Published Tuesday, August 28, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8387
The Government published its White Paper on future relations between the UK and the EU on 12 July. It envisages a 'common rulebook' to facilitate 'frictionless' trade, and among other things, UK cooperation in security matters, a commitment to maintain high environmental, data and consumer protection standards, UK participation in some EU agencies and solutions to the Irish border issues - all underpinned by a new governance structure that will pay "due regard" to the EU Court. Would the White Paper proposals work and do they respect both UK sovereignty and the indivisibility of the EU Single Market? David Davis's 'alternative' white paper proposes a somewhat different future relationship. This paper looks at proposals in both documents.
The Budget and the annual Finance Bill
Published Tuesday, August 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN00813
This note discusses the way that Parliament scrutinises the Government's proposals for taxation, set out in the annual Budget statement. It looks at how this procedure may be affected by the timing of a General Election, and gives some suggestions for further reading.

Topics: Elections, Taxation

Women Members of Parliament: Background Paper
Published Tuesday, August 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06652
This briefing paper provides a list of all the women who have ever been elected to the House of Commons.
Women in the House of Commons: Background Paper
Published Tuesday, August 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06651
This briefing paper provides information on the number female MPs currently sitting in the House of Commons. It also gives a history of the campaigns to give women the vote and to allow them to stand as candidates for election.

Displaying 1-20 out of 1158

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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