Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 1151

Women in Parliament and Government
Published Friday, July 20, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN01250
A record 208 women MPs were elected to the House of Commons at General Election 2017, a record high of 32%. As of January 2018 there are 206 female peers, making up 26% of Members of the House of Lords. There are currently six women in Cabinet including the Prime Ministers, 26% of the total 23 permanent Cabinet posts.
Independent Complaints and Grievance Policy
Published Wednesday, July 18, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8369
The House will debate the Independent Complaints and Grievance Policy Programme Team’s Delivery Report on 19 July. This briefing note reviews the report and the background to it.
Brexit: devolved legislature business
Published Monday, July 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7815
This paper is a record of Brexit-related business in the devolved legislatures. It is updated every Monday.
Voting age
Published Monday, July 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN01747
Under current legislation, a person must be 18 or over to vote in elections to the UK Parliament. This Note gives details of calls for a change in the law to reduce the voting age to 16 in recent years.
"A process, not an event": Devolution in Wales, 1998-2018
Published Wednesday, July 11, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8318
A narrative of devolution in Wales, 1998-2018
The European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018: scrutiny of secondary legislation (Schedule 7)
Published Monday, July 9, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8329
This briefing paper reviews how proposals for negative statutory instruments made under the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 will be scrutinised in the House of Commons.
Parliamentary boundary reviews: public consultations
Published Monday, July 9, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7696
The four boundary commissions in the UK have to allow for various stages of public consultation during their general reviews of Parliamentary constituencies. These are summarised in this paper. Section 2 gives the dates of the various stages of the current review.

Topic: Elections

UK by-elections since 1945
Published Wednesday, July 4, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN02383
The number of UK by-elections by session and by Parliament since 1945
MPs' changes of party allegiance in the House of Commons since 1979
Published Wednesday, July 4, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN02537
This list notes when a Member has changed allegiance from one political party to another or decided to sit as an independent MP. Instances of Members losing or resigning a party whip are also noted.
Northern Ireland Budget (No. 2) Bill 2017-19
Published Wednesday, July 4, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8363
A briefing on the Northern Ireland Budget (No. 2) Bill 2017-19
90th anniversary of the Equal Franchise Act 1928
Published Tuesday, July 3, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8361
This short briefing gives an overview of the Representation of the People (Equal Franchise) Act 1928, which was passed 90 years ago, in July 1928

Topic: Elections

Proxy voting in divisions in the House
Published Monday, July 2, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8359
On 5 July 2018, the House will debate the principle of proxy voting in divisions in the House of Commons.
The new Italian Government
Published Friday, June 29, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8357
A new populist Italian government took office at the beginning of June 2018. International attention has focused on the government's refusal to allow migrant rescue boats to dock in Italy, and the combative approach of the new Interior Minister Matteo Salvini. The governing parties have been critical of the EU, and of the impact of the euro in particular, and the government has demanded a new approach from the EU on asylum and migration policy.
Prisoners' voting rights: developments since May 2015
Published Thursday, June 28, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7461
This House of Commons Briefing Paper analyses the debate over the voting rights of prisoners since May 2015, it also includes a concise summary of the main developments before May 2015.
Parliamentary Private Secretaries to Prime Ministers since 1906
Published Thursday, June 28, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06579
This Note lists Parliamentary Private Secretaries to successive Prime Ministers from 1906.
Ministers in the 2015 and 2017 Conservative Governments
Published Thursday, June 28, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7335
Ministerial office holders in the 2015 and 2017 Conservative Governments
Estimates - grants to the devolved institutions
Published Wednesday, June 27, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8354
On 3 July 2018 there will be an Estimates Day debate on Her Majesty’s Treasury, so far as it relates to spending decisions and their consequences for grants to the devolved institutions. This landing page provides background information for the debate.
Business Appointment Rules
Published Tuesday, June 26, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN03745
Ministers and civil servants leaving office are subject to rules regarding appointment in other sectors. These rules, known as the Business Appointment Rules, exist to prevent former civil servants and ministers being able to profit from their knowledge of and contacts within Whitehall, and to prevent any perception of wrongdoing. The rules are administered by the Advisory Committee on Business Appointments.
Investigation of Former Armed Forces Personnel Who Served in Northern Ireland
Published Tuesday, June 26, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8352
The investigation of former British soldiers who served in Northern Ireland during “The Troubles” is currently receiving a significant amount of media and parliamentary attention as a result of several ongoing court cases. It is, however, the result of a process which began over a decade ago.

Displaying 1-20 out of 1151

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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