This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.
Brexit: a reading list of post-EU Referendum publications by Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies
Published Monday, January 21, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7912
This reading list brings together briefings on Brexit by the Parliamentary libraries and the Devolved Assembly research services with reports by Parliamentary and Devolved Assembly committees following the result of the EU Referendum on 23 June 2016.
Topics: Animal welfare, Armed forces, Asylum, Aviation, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Consumers, Courts, Data protection, Defence equipment and procurement, Devolution, Economic policy, Employment, Energy, Environmental protection, EU budget, EU external relations, EU grants and loans, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, Financial services, Fisheries, Food, Forestry, Health services, Higher education, Human rights, Immigration, Industry, Information technology, International development, International economic relations, International law, International politics and government, International trade, Legislative process, Medicine, Overseas territories, Parliament, Pensions, Railways, Regulation, Research and innovation, Roads, Science, Shipping, Water
Brexit: devolved legislature business
Published Monday, January 21, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7815
This paper is a record of Brexit-related business in the devolved legislatures. It is updated every Monday when the legislatures are in session.
The EU27: Internal Politics and Views on Brexit
Published Friday, January 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8362
The other 27 EU Member States have maintained a largely united front in the Brexit negotiations. This paper examines the views of each of the EU27 on Brexit and any contingency planning for a possible no-deal Brexit. it also provides background on their internal politics and trade and economic statistics.
Topics: Central government, Defence policy, EU budget, EU external relations, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, EU political integration, Europe, International trade, Parliament, Political parties
European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 2) Bill 2017-19
Published Friday, January 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8476
Nick Boles MP presented a Private Members Bill on Tuesday 15 January 2019 to require the Government to request an extension to the Article 50 Brexit process in certain circumstances. This paper explains how this Bill proposes to give Parliament greater control over the Government's negotiations with the European Union. This Bill is expected to be superseded on Monday 21 January 2019 by another Bill in the name of Yvette Cooper, but which does not provide a statutory role for the Liaison Committee.
Universal Credit and the claimant count
Published Friday, January 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7927
This briefing paper explains how Universal Credit is increasing the number of people claiming unemployment benefits, by requiring a broader group of claimants to look for work than was the case under Jobseeker’s Allowance.
There has been a marked increase in the claimant count over the past year in areas operating Universal Credit “Full Service”, where the rollout of Universal Credit is more advanced.
On the 22 January 2019, the Department for Work and Pensions will publish an ‘alternative’ claimant count. This will model what the claimant count would have been if Universal Credit had been fully in place since 2013.
EU assurances to the UK on Brexit
Published Wednesday, January 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8474
The EU and UK negotiators agreed the texts of a Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration on a framework for a future EU-UK relationship, and the time came for the UK Parliament to vote on it. But on 15 January Parliament rejected the two documents by 230 votes. The EU has said there will be no renegotiating the texts but has offered assurances on the intention that the backstop arrangement to prevent a hard Irish border would be temporary if it had to be introduced. This paper looks at what the EU has offered by way of 'clarifications' and 'assurances' on the backstop and whether the EU would offer an extension to Article. 50 might .
Televised debates between party leaders
Published Wednesday, January 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN05241
This note sets out the background to the current debate about televised debates between party leaders during a general election campaign. Three debates were held for the first time in the UK during the 2010 general election. The BBC, ITV News, Sky News and Channel 4 have put forward proposals to change the format of the televised leaders’ debates to be held before the 2015 general election.
The Parliamentary Constituencies (Amendment) Bill 2017-19
Published Wednesday, January 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8164
The Parliamentary Constituencies (Amendment) Bill 2017-19 is a Private Member's Bill that seeks to change the Rules for Redistribution of Parliamentary constituencies. This briefing summarises the main changes that the Bill would make if passed.
Published Wednesday, January 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02873
On 15 January 2019, the Leader of the Opposition tabled a vote of no confidence in Her Majesty's government, in accordance with the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011. The Leader of the House confirmed that provision would be made for a full day's debate on the motion of no confidence on 16 January.
Emergency debates in the House of Commons since 1979
Published Monday, January 14, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN04569
This list notes successful applications for emergency debates in the House of Commons and provides a link to the debate in Hansard. Applications for emergency debates made since June 2012 are noted in the Excel spreadsheet.
Prisoners' voting rights: developments since May 2015
Published Friday, January 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7461
This House of Commons Briefing Paper analyses the debate over the voting rights of prisoners since May 2015, it also includes a concise summary of the main developments before May 2015.
Published Tuesday, January 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8467
This paper provides links to a selection of statements both written and oral that have referenced Brexit in the title or in the statement since the EU referendum. This paper will be updated periodically.
Topics: Common Agricultural Policy, Economic and monetary union, EU budget, EU defence policy, EU enlargement, EU external relations, EU grants and loans, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, EU political integration, Legislative process
MPs' changes of party allegiance in the House of Commons since 1979
Published Tuesday, January 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02537
This list notes when a Member has changed allegiance from one political party to another or decided to sit as an independent MP. Instances of Members losing or resigning a party whip are also noted.
What if there's no Brexit deal?
Published Friday, December 28, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8397
What could happen if the EU and UK negotiators don't agree a withdrawal agreement in time and the UK has to leave the EU on 29 March 2019 without one - and with no framework for future relations either? This paper looks at how such a situation might come about, the constitutional implications for the UK and the devolved administrations, and what the impact might be in a range of policy areas.
Topics: Administration of justice, Agriculture, Animals, Aviation, Benefits administration, Benefits policy, Business support, Central government, Civil law, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Competition, Constitution, Consumers, Crime, Criminal law, Defence equipment and procurement, Defence policy, Devolution, Economic policy, Economic situation, Electricity, Employment, Energy, Environmental protection, EU budget, EU defence policy, EU external relations, EU grants and loans, EU law and treaties, Europe, European Commission, European Council, European Parliament, Financial services, Fisheries, Food, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Health services, Health staff and professions, Higher education, Housing benefits, Human rights, Immigration, Industrial health and safety, Industry, Information technology, Intellectual property, International development, International economic relations, International law, International organisations, International politics and government, International trade, Medicine, Military operations, Nuclear power, Overseas territories, Parliament, Pensions, Pollution, Privacy, Public expenditure, Railways, Regulation, Renewable energy, Research and innovation, Roads, Science, Shipping, Small businesses, Standards, Students, Taxation, Teachers, Terrorism, Utilities, Waste management, Water
Committee on Standards in Public Life
Published Friday, December 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN04888
This note sets out the background to the creation of the Committee on Standards in Public Life in 1994 and provides details of its recent work. The note looks at its constitutional position and relationship to Parliament.
UK aid: frequently asked questions
Published Friday, December 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7996
What is aid? What is the UN 0.7% aid target and why has the UK adopted it? Which government departments spend UK aid? What impact does UK aid have? What will be the impact of Brexit on UK aid? These and other questions are answered in an accessible way in this briefing paper.
Topics: Africa, Asia, Central government, Climate change, EU budget, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Human rights, International development, International economic relations, International organisations, International politics and government, International trade, Parliament