Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 1195

Brexit: Proposals for the future UK-EU relationship
Published Thursday, April 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8483
The House of Commons has voted on various options for the future UK-EU relationship in the hope that an agreed UK position may help to break the impasse following the Commons' rejection of the UK-EU Withdrawal Agreement. The Government says it may hold a further Commons vote on future relationship options. What options have been proposed?
Brexit delayed again: until 31 October 2019?
Published Wednesday, April 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8549
The EU has agreed to extend Article 50 a second time. This could delay Brexit until 31 October 2019. This has implications for the UK while it remains in the EU, and could also impact on decisions taken within the EU over the next few months
Brexit: a reading list of post-EU Referendum publications by Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies
Published Wednesday, April 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7912
This reading list brings together briefings on Brexit by the Parliamentary libraries and the Devolved Assembly research services with reports by Parliamentary and Devolved Assembly committees following the result of the EU Referendum on 23 June 2016.
Brexit: devolved legislature business
Published Monday, April 15, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7815
This paper is a record of Brexit-related business in the devolved legislatures. It is updated every Monday when the legislatures are in session.
Pre-election period of sensitivity
Published Monday, April 15, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN05262
Restrictions on the use of public resources are in place during the pre-election period before elections and referendums. The Cabinet Office issues guidance for civil servants on their conduct during this period. Local elections are taking place in most parts of England outside London on 2 May 2019. Local elections will take place in Northern Ireland on the same day.
The UK's EU Withdrawal Agreement
Published Thursday, April 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8453
This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister has promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. The Agreement has been debated at length in Parliament on several occasions and, with the Political Declaration on the future EU-UK relationship, has been put to the so-called 'meaningful vote' twice - in January and March 2019. But the House of Commons has not yet endorsed it and time is running out for UK approval before the default exit date of 29 March 2019.
Business Appointment Rules
Published Thursday, April 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN03745
Ministers and civil servants leaving office are subject to rules regarding appointment in other sectors. These rules, known as the Business Appointment Rules, exist to prevent former civil servants and ministers being able to profit from their knowledge of and contacts within Whitehall, and to prevent any perception of wrongdoing. The Advisory Committee on Business Appointments (ACoBA) administers the rules.
By-elections since the 2017 General Election
Published Friday, April 5, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8280
This Commons Library Briefing Paper sets out results of the by-elections held since the 2017 election. There have been three by-elections so far in this Parliament, the last was held in Newport West on the 4 April 2019. Full details are presented in the associated PDF but an overview of the recent by-election results are shown below.
Reserved matters in the United Kingdom
Published Friday, April 5, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8544
A briefing paper focusing on policy matters which remain "reserved" to Westminster concerning Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Children's social care services in England
Published Friday, April 5, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8543
This House of Commons Library briefing paper provides an overview of the key challenges currently facing local authority children’s social care services in England, including: increasing demand for children’s social care; funding pressures; poor and inadequate services in some areas; workforce challenges; and poor outcomes for children in need.
Women Members of Parliament: Background Paper
Published Friday, April 5, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN06652
This briefing paper provides a list of all the women who have ever been elected to the House of Commons.
Brexit statements
Published Thursday, April 4, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8467
This paper provides links to a selection of statements both written and oral that have referenced Brexit in the title or in the statement since the EU referendum. This paper will be updated periodically.
Plastic waste
Published Wednesday, April 3, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8515
A House of Commons Library Briefing Paper on plastic waste in the UK, including statistics on plastic waste and information on UK Government and devolved Government plans and ambitions to reduce avoidable plastic waste and examples of voluntary initiatives from the plastics industry, environmental groups and retailers.
Brexit timeline: events leading to the UK’s exit from the European Union
Published Wednesday, April 3, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7960
This paper provides a timeline of the major events leading up to the EU referendum and subsequent dates of note, looking ahead to expected events as the UK and EU negotiate the UK's exit.
European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 5) Bill 2017-19
Published Tuesday, April 2, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8541
Yvette Cooper presented a Private Member's bill, the European Union (No. 5) Bill 2017-19, on Tuesday 2 April 2019. The Bill would create a legal mechanism whereby the House of Commons can instruct the Prime Minister to ask the European Council for an extension to Article 50 in the absence of an approval resolution for an exit deal from the EU.
Voting age
Published Tuesday, April 2, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN01747
Under current legislation, a person must be 18 or over to vote in elections to the UK Parliament. This Note gives details of calls for a change in the law to reduce the voting age to 16 in recent years.
Brexit debates 2019
Published Monday, April 1, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8489
This paper provides links to a selection of debates that have referenced Brexit in the title or during a debate in 2019. This paper will be updated periodically.
The Family Test
Published Monday, April 1, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7714
The Family Test was introduced in 2014 in England. All new domestic laws and Government policies must apply the Family Test to make sure they support strong and stable families. The DWP has published departmental advice on conducting the Family Test. It is not a statutory requirement; publishing the results of the Test is encouraged but not required.
Recall elections
Published Thursday, March 28, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN05089
Recall is used to describe a process where the electorate in an area can trigger a special election to remove an elected representative before the end of their term. A recall procedure was introduced in the UK in 2015. It only applies to Members of Parliament.
Local audit in England
Published Thursday, March 28, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7240
This paper explains the procedures for audit of local authorities and related bodies brought in by the Local Audit and Accountability Act 2014.

Displaying 1-20 out of 1195

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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