Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

Find a briefing paper
  1. Close

    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
  2. Close

    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 32

Treaty of Versailles: 100th Anniversary
Published Tuesday, June 18, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0079
On 28 June 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in the Palace of Versailles, in the Hall of Mirrors. This briefing has been prepared in advance of the centenary. It provides an overview of the peace negotiations and a summary of the terms of the treaty.
D-Day and the Battle of Normandy: 75th Anniversary
Published Monday, May 20, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0060
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate to mark the 75th anniversary of D-Day which is scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 4 June 2019.
International Day of UN Peacekeepers: 29 May 2019
Published Wednesday, April 3, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0041
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared to mark the United Nations’ International Day of UN Peacekeepers on 29 May 2019.
NATO: 70th Anniversary
Published Friday, February 15, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0020
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the 70th anniversary of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), which was founded on 4 April 1949. A debate on this subject is due to take place in the House of Lords on 2 April 2019 on a motion moved by Earl Howe (Conservative) ‘that this House takes note of the seventieth anniversary of the founding of NATO and its continuing role in the United Kingdom's defence and security’.
Reconciliation in British Foreign, Defence and International Development Policy
Published Thursday, November 29, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0133
This Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place in the House of Lords on the motion moved by the Archbishop of Canterbury that “this House takes note of the role of reconciliation in British foreign, defence and international development policy”. It provides definitions of reconciliation, and introduces the linked concepts of ‘soft power’, ‘fragile states’ and ‘post-conflict interventions’. It then summarises UK Government policy and delivery bodies, before discussing the additional roles which might be played in reconciliations by faith-based organisations and women. The Briefing then turns to look at a theoretical framework for reconciliations. Finally, it summarises eight conflicts where reconciliation and/or fragile state interventions have played a part, with varying levels of perceived success.
Veterans Strategy: Background to Government Policy
Published Thursday, November 8, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0118
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate on 15 November 2018 in the House of Lords on the veterans strategy.
Armistice of November 1918: Centenary
Published Tuesday, October 30, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0112
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 5 November 2018 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord Ashton of Hyde (Conservative), “that this House takes note of the centenary of the armistice at the end of the First World War”.
Cyber Security in the United Kingdom
Published Thursday, October 11, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0102
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 18 October 2018 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Viscount Waverley (Crossbench), “that this House takes note of the scale and complexity of cyber threats facing the United Kingdom and the case for innovative approaches across Her Majesty’s Government and beyond”.
Armed Forces Day: 30 June 2018
Published Wednesday, June 20, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0070
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of Armed Forces Day, which takes place on 30 June 2018.
Armed Forces Reserves
Published Monday, June 18, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0068
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord De Mauley (Conservative) on 21 June 2018 “that this House takes note of the contribution of the armed forces reserves to national security”.

Topic: Armed forces

Size and Capability of the UK’s Armed Forces for Contributing to Global Peace, Stability and Security
Published Friday, November 17, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0083
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 23 November 2017 on the case for maintaining United Kingdom defence forces at a sufficient level to contribute to global peace, stability and security.
Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, October 26, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0074
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Bill on 1 November 2017.
Battle of Passchendaele: Centenary Commemorations
Published Thursday, October 12, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0069
This Lords Library briefing provides information on the Battle of Passchendaele and events held to commemorate it ahead of a debate in the House of Lords on 19 October 2017.
Armed Forces (Flexible Working) Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, July 6, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0040
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Armed Forces (Flexible Working) Bill on 11 July 2017.
Queen's Speech 2017 Day 1: Foreign Affairs, Defence, Trade and International Development
Published Monday, June 19, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0023
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming Queen’s Speech, which is due to take place on 21 June 2017. The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over five days between 22 and 29 June 2017. This briefing is one of five prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
Future Capability of the UK’s Armed Forces
Published Wednesday, December 21, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0071
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of a debate on 12 January about the future capability of the UK’s Armed Forces in the current international situation.
Leaving the European Union: UK Armed Forces and Diplomatic Service
Published Friday, December 2, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0066
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared ahead of the debate on the impact of the withdrawal from the European Union on the United Kingdom’s armed forces and diplomatic service, to be held in the House of Lords on 8 December. The briefing examines current defence capabilities and cooperation between the UK and the EU. It then explores the possible future prospects for UK defence, particularly the role of the armed forces. The latter part of this briefing examines the UK’s diplomatic service, highlighting some of the issues that have arisen about the UK’s diplomatic relationship with the EU and its global role following the UK’s withdrawal. For reasons of brevity, this briefing does not examine the implications of the UK’s withdrawal on wider external relations, such as the UK’s future trade relationships with other countries in and outside the EU, or the impact on overseas development policy. Further reading on these subjects is identified in section 3.
Leaving the European Union: Future UK-EU Relationship
Published Friday, November 25, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0063
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of a debate that is scheduled to take place in the House on 1 December 2016 on the best options for the United Kingdom’s future relationship with the European Union following the referendum vote to leave.
Armed Forces: Legal Challenges and Derogation from the European Convention on Human Rights
Published Wednesday, November 16, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0059
On 24 November 2016, the House of Lords will debate the case for limiting the number and nature of claims against the Ministry of Defence (MoD) and UK armed services personnel arising out of future armed conflict abroad. On 4 October 2016, the Government announced that it would introduce a presumption to derogate from the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) in future conflicts in order to protect the armed forces from “persistent legal claims”. This briefing will focus on the Government’s recent proposals to derogate from the ECHR. It provides an overview of the legal framework for military operations, summarises some of the key legal claims that have been made against the armed forces, and outlines the work of the Iraq Historic Investigations Team (IHAT).
Leaving the European Union: Foreign and Security Policy Cooperation
Published Thursday, October 13, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0051
On 20 October 2016, the House of Lords will debate the implications of the EU referendum for foreign and security policy cooperation with European countries. Theresa May and members of her Cabinet have stated that they intend for the UK to continue to cooperate closely with EU partners on areas such as security, defence, law enforcement and counter-terrorism after leaving the EU, although it is not yet clear exactly what form such cooperation may take.

Displaying 1-20 out of 32

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords In Focus
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Lords Library notes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTnotes
  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts POSTbriefs