Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 144

Protecting and Representing Future Generations in Policymaking
Published Thursday, June 13, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0076
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 20 June 2019. Lord Bird (Crossbench) is to move that “this House takes note of the case for better protecting and representing the interests of future generations in policymaking”.
Global Gender Equality and Health
Published Wednesday, June 12, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0074
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming debate on a motion moved by Baroness Sugg, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Department for International Development, on “the Women Deliver conference held in Vancouver on the 3–6 June 2019, and the role the UK plays internationally in promoting global gender equality and sexual and reproductive health and rights”.
International Widows’ Day
Published Tuesday, June 11, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0073
On 19 June 2019, the House of Lords is scheduled to debate a motion moved by Lord Loomba (Crossbench) that asks “Her Majesty’s Government what steps they are taking to empower widows in developing countries and to mark International Widows Day 2019.”. This briefing provides background information on International Widows’ Day and the issues facing widowed women around the world.
Inequality and Poverty in the UK
Published Thursday, June 6, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0067
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 13 June 2019. Lord Dubs (Labour) is to move that “this House takes note of inequalities in income, wealth and living standards in the UK since the 2008 financial crisis; and further takes note of the Institute for Fiscal Studies Deaton Review of inequalities in the 21st century in the UK and the final report of the UN special rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights”.
Non-Domestic Rating (Preparation for Digital Services) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Wednesday, May 29, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0062
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Non-Domestic Rating (Preparation for Digital Services) Bill (HL Bill 177 of 2017-19) on 11 June 2019.
Knife Crime: Policy and Causes
Published Tuesday, May 21, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0061
This House of Lords Library Briefing explores current government policy in relation to knife crime and some of the possible causes of the recent increase in violent crime.
Public Procurement: Social Value and the Government’s Civil Society Strategy
Published Thursday, May 16, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0059
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming debate on the motion moved by Baroness McGregor-Smith (Conservative) that “this House takes note of the case for increasing the social value of public procurement by aligning it with Her Majesty’s Government’s Civil Society Strategy”.
Earnings: A Long-run Perspective
Published Monday, May 13, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0057
This House of Lords Library briefing provides information on long-run trends in real earnings, placing the weak performance since the financial crisis into a historical perspective.
Equality of Opportunity and Quality of Life for Young People
Published Thursday, May 9, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0056
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate on equality of opportunity and beneficial quality of life for young people which is due to take place in the House of Lords on 16 May 2019.
Kew Gardens (Leases) (No. 3) Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Wednesday, May 1, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0052
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading of the Kew Gardens (Leases) (No. 3) Bill [HL] in the House of Lords on 7 May 2019.
Party Policies on Europe at General Elections Since 1970
Published Monday, April 15, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0046
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides extracts from political party manifestos since 1970 charting the various positions taken on Europe over the last five decades.
Tariffs: Theory and Practice
Published Wednesday, March 27, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0039
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides information on the use of tariffs in international trade.
Spring Statement 2019: Briefing for Lords Debate
Published Thursday, March 14, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0031
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord Young of Cookham (Conservative) that “the Grand Committee takes note of the economy in the light of the Spring Statement”. The Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Hammond, presented the spring statement to the House of Commons on 13 March 2019. No changes to the tax system were announced in the statement, and only a small number of spending measures. The Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) published revised forecasts for the economy and the public finances on the same day.
Finance (No. 3) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Wednesday, January 23, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0007
This House of Lords Library briefing provides summary information on the Finance (No. 3) Bill in advance of its second reading and remaining stages, due to take place in the House of Lords on 7 February 2019. It also identifies relevant reports and useful documents, including parliamentary materials and press articles, which may be of assistance to Members in preparing for that debate.
Local Authority Provision of Essential Services
Published Friday, January 18, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0006
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 24 January 2019 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord Scriven (Liberal Democrat), “that this House takes note of the ability of local authorities across the United Kingdom to deliver essential services to their communities”.
Challenges Facing Young People
Published Friday, December 7, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0137
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 13 December 2018 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Baroness Armstrong of Hill Top (Labour), “that this House takes note of the challenges facing young people”.
Withdrawal Agreement: Section 13(1)(c) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018
Published Friday, November 30, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0135
Section 13 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 sets out specific requirements that must be met before the UK can ratify the withdrawal agreement. This briefing outlines the requirements of section 13 and identifies relevant reports and useful documents, including recent parliamentary materials and press articles, which may be of assistance to Members in preparing for the following motions that are expected to be debated together: The Lord Privy Seal (Baroness Evans of Bowes Park) to move that this House, for the purposes of section 13(1)(c) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, takes note of the negotiated withdrawal agreement laid before the House on Monday 26 November 2018 with the title ‘Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community’ and the framework for the future relationship laid before the House on Monday 26 November 2018 with the title ‘Political Declaration setting out the framework for the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom’. Baroness Smith of Basildon (Labour) to move that this House, while noting that it is for the House of Commons to determine the matter, considers that a no deal outcome to negotiations under Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union must be emphatically rejected, and regrets that Her Majesty’s Government have negotiated a withdrawal agreement and political declaration that would do grave damage to the future economic prosperity, internal security and global influence of the United Kingdom.
Financial Services (Implementation of Legislation) Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, November 29, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0134
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Financial Services (Implementation of Legislation) Bill [HL] on 4 December 2018.
Reconciliation in British Foreign, Defence and International Development Policy
Published Thursday, November 29, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0133
This Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place in the House of Lords on the motion moved by the Archbishop of Canterbury that “this House takes note of the role of reconciliation in British foreign, defence and international development policy”. It provides definitions of reconciliation, and introduces the linked concepts of ‘soft power’, ‘fragile states’ and ‘post-conflict interventions’. It then summarises UK Government policy and delivery bodies, before discussing the additional roles which might be played in reconciliations by faith-based organisations and women. The Briefing then turns to look at a theoretical framework for reconciliations. Finally, it summarises eight conflicts where reconciliation and/or fragile state interventions have played a part, with varying levels of perceived success.

Displaying 1-20 out of 144

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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