Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 134

Party Policies on Europe at General Elections Since 1970
Published Monday, April 15, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0046
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides extracts from political party manifestos since 1970 charting the various positions taken on Europe over the last five decades.
Tariffs: Theory and Practice
Published Wednesday, March 27, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0039
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides information on the use of tariffs in international trade.
Spring Statement 2019: Briefing for Lords Debate
Published Thursday, March 14, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0031
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord Young of Cookham (Conservative) that “the Grand Committee takes note of the economy in the light of the Spring Statement”. The Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Hammond, presented the spring statement to the House of Commons on 13 March 2019. No changes to the tax system were announced in the statement, and only a small number of spending measures. The Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) published revised forecasts for the economy and the public finances on the same day.
Finance (No. 3) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Wednesday, January 23, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0007
This House of Lords Library briefing provides summary information on the Finance (No. 3) Bill in advance of its second reading and remaining stages, due to take place in the House of Lords on 7 February 2019. It also identifies relevant reports and useful documents, including parliamentary materials and press articles, which may be of assistance to Members in preparing for that debate.
Local Authority Provision of Essential Services
Published Friday, January 18, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0006
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 24 January 2019 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord Scriven (Liberal Democrat), “that this House takes note of the ability of local authorities across the United Kingdom to deliver essential services to their communities”.
Challenges Facing Young People
Published Friday, December 7, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0137
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 13 December 2018 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Baroness Armstrong of Hill Top (Labour), “that this House takes note of the challenges facing young people”.
Withdrawal Agreement: Section 13(1)(c) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018
Published Friday, November 30, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0135
Section 13 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 sets out specific requirements that must be met before the UK can ratify the withdrawal agreement. This briefing outlines the requirements of section 13 and identifies relevant reports and useful documents, including recent parliamentary materials and press articles, which may be of assistance to Members in preparing for the following motions that are expected to be debated together: The Lord Privy Seal (Baroness Evans of Bowes Park) to move that this House, for the purposes of section 13(1)(c) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, takes note of the negotiated withdrawal agreement laid before the House on Monday 26 November 2018 with the title ‘Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community’ and the framework for the future relationship laid before the House on Monday 26 November 2018 with the title ‘Political Declaration setting out the framework for the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom’. Baroness Smith of Basildon (Labour) to move that this House, while noting that it is for the House of Commons to determine the matter, considers that a no deal outcome to negotiations under Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union must be emphatically rejected, and regrets that Her Majesty’s Government have negotiated a withdrawal agreement and political declaration that would do grave damage to the future economic prosperity, internal security and global influence of the United Kingdom.
Financial Services (Implementation of Legislation) Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, November 29, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0134
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Financial Services (Implementation of Legislation) Bill [HL] on 4 December 2018.
Reconciliation in British Foreign, Defence and International Development Policy
Published Thursday, November 29, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0133
This Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place in the House of Lords on the motion moved by the Archbishop of Canterbury that “this House takes note of the role of reconciliation in British foreign, defence and international development policy”. It provides definitions of reconciliation, and introduces the linked concepts of ‘soft power’, ‘fragile states’ and ‘post-conflict interventions’. It then summarises UK Government policy and delivery bodies, before discussing the additional roles which might be played in reconciliations by faith-based organisations and women. The Briefing then turns to look at a theoretical framework for reconciliations. Finally, it summarises eight conflicts where reconciliation and/or fragile state interventions have played a part, with varying levels of perceived success.
UK Trade by Country and Commodity or Service
Published Tuesday, November 20, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0125
This House of Lords Library Briefing contains information on the UK’s international trade, both by country (or area, such as the EU) and by type of commodity or service being traded.
UN Sustainable Development Goals: Integration into UK Policy
Published Friday, November 16, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0124
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 22 November 2018 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Baroness Suttie (Liberal Democrat), “that this House takes note of the progress made across government departments in integrating the universal sustainable developments goals into domestic policy in preparation for the United Kingdom’s Voluntary National Review presentation at the United Nations in September 2019”.
Displaced Children
Published Thursday, November 15, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0122
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 22 November 2018 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord McConnell of Glenscorrodale (Labour), “that this House takes note of the numbers of children displaced from their homes internationally, and the actions undertaken by the Government, the European Union and the United Nations to support them.
Water Sanitation: World Toilet Day, 19 November 2018
Published Thursday, November 8, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0119
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides information on water sanitation and the United Nations’ World Toilet Day, which takes place on 19 November 2018.
Budget 2018
Published Wednesday, November 7, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0114
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 13 November 2018 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord Bates (Conservative) that “this House takes note of the economy in the light of the Budget Statement
Affordable Housing
Published Monday, October 22, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0108
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord Shipley (Liberal Democrat), “that this House takes note on the case for building more affordable housing”. It describes why there is widely said to be a ‘housing crisis’ which affordable housing might help to solve. It then sets out what affordable housing is, and outlines the arguments for and against building more affordable homes. Finally, it looks at alternative policies for improving housing affordability.
Trade Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Friday, August 31, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0090
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading of the Trade Bill in the House of Lords on 11 September 2018.
Taxation (Cross-border Trade) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Friday, August 31, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0089
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading and remaining stages of the Taxation (Cross-border) Trade Bill in the House of Lords on 4 September 2018.
Leaving the EU: Antimicrobial Resistance
Published Tuesday, August 7, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0087
This House of Lords Library Briefing presents recent developments in UK and EU strategies to address antimicrobial resistance, and examines three areas in which the UK’s exit from the EU may affect the addressing of antimicrobial resistance.
Brexit Preparations and Negotiations
Published Wednesday, July 18, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0085
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 23 July 2018 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord Callanan, Minister of State at the Department for Exiting the European Union, “that this House takes note of the preparations and negotiations connected with the United Kingdom’s departure from the European Union”.

Displaying 1-20 out of 134

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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