Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 82

Party Policies on Europe at General Elections Since 1970
Published Monday, April 15, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0046
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides extracts from political party manifestos since 1970 charting the various positions taken on Europe over the last five decades.
European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 5) Bill: Summary of Commons Stages
Published Thursday, April 4, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0042
This House of Lords Library Briefing covers the House of Commons stages of the European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 5) Bill. It may be of assistance to Members in the event that the bill is considered in the House of Lords on 4 April 2019.
Tariffs: Theory and Practice
Published Wednesday, March 27, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0039
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides information on the use of tariffs in international trade.
Extending Article 50: European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 (Exit Day) (Amendment) Regulations 2019
Published Tuesday, March 26, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0038
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the Lords’ consideration of the statutory instrument to change the date of ‘exit day’ in domestic law, following the UK’s agreement with the EU to extend the article 50 period beyond 29 March 2019.
Brexit: Further Recent Developments
Published Thursday, March 21, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0036
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate scheduled to take place on 25 March 2019 on exiting the European Union. It covers recent developments, including the UK’s request to the European Council for agreement to extend article 50 to 30 June 2019. It was published before the European Council meeting on 21 March 2019.
Seasonal Time Changes: Recent Developments
Published Tuesday, March 19, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0033
In September 2018, the European Commission published a draft directive which would oblige member states to end seasonal time changes and decide whether to remain on winter time or summertime permanently. This House of Lords Library briefing outlines the proposals and reaction to them, and summarises past parliamentary debate on time zones and seasonal clock changes.
Brexit: Recent Developments
Published Thursday, March 7, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0028
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate scheduled to take place on 11 March 2019 on the further discussion with the European Union under article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. It covers recent Brexit developments since the publication of our last briefing on 21 February 2019.
Safety of Medicines and Medical Devices
Published Thursday, February 21, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0024
This Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord O’Shaughnessy that “this House takes note of the steps being taken to improve the safety of medicines and medical devices”. It outlines the current regulatory regime, which is based on EU law, and the roles of the main European and UK agencies. It then describes an ongoing independent review into medicinal product safety, which is tasked with recommending improvements to responses to patient reports about harmful side effects. The Briefing then considers the impact of the UK’s departure from the EU, both under the draft withdrawal agreement and if the UK leaves with no deal. Finally, it discusses ongoing developments in medicine safety, such as the greater use of technology, and sets the issue of medicine and medical product safety within the context of wider patient safety initiatives in the NHS.
Further Article 50 Discussions with the EU
Published Thursday, February 21, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0023
On 27 February 2019, the House of Lords is due to debate the Government’s further discussions with the EU under article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. This follows a commitment made by the Prime Minister on 12 February 2019 that, if by 26 February 2019 the Government had not secured a majority in the House of Commons in a second ‘meaningful vote’, she would make a further statement in the Commons on 26 February 2019, and a debate on an amendable motion would take place in the Commons on 27 February 2019. At the time of writing this briefing, the exact wording of the motion for debate in each House is not known.
NATO: 70th Anniversary
Published Friday, February 15, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0020
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the 70th anniversary of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), which was founded on 4 April 1949. A debate on this subject is due to take place in the House of Lords on 2 April 2019 on a motion moved by Earl Howe (Conservative) ‘that this House takes note of the seventieth anniversary of the founding of NATO and its continuing role in the United Kingdom's defence and security’.
Further Take-Note Debate on EU Withdrawal
Published Friday, February 8, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0019
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the further take note debate on the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union due to take place in the House of Lords on 13 February 2019.
Leaving the European Union: Recent Developments and Debates under Section 13 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018
Published Thursday, January 31, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0015
This House of Lords Library Briefing summarises recent developments in relation to the UK’s departure from the European Union, focusing on debates that took place in the House of Lords on 28 January 2019 and in the House of Commons on 29 January 2019, under section 13 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018.
Healthcare (International Arrangements) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, January 31, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0014
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading of the Healthcare (International Arrangements) Bill in the House of Lords on 5 February 2019.
Further Debate for the Purposes of Section 13 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018
Published Thursday, January 24, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0008
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared ahead of further debate for the purposes of section 13 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 in the House of Lords on 28 January 2019. The House of Commons will be debating a similar motion on 29 January 2019.
Withdrawal Agreement: Section 13(1)(c) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018
Published Friday, January 4, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0002
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on 9, 10 and, provisionally, 14 January 2019 on "Further debate, for the purposes of section 13(1)(c) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, taking note of the negotiated withdrawal agreement and the framework for the future relationship".
Adjournment of the House of Lords Debate on the Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration
Published Tuesday, December 11, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0139
On 10 December 2018, the House of Lords adjourned the debate it was holding on the withdrawal agreement and political declaration agreed by the Government and the EU during the Brexit negotiations. This Lords Library briefing summarises recent developments which may influence when the Lords has the opportunity to debate this matter again.
Publishing Government Legal Advice
Published Thursday, December 6, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0115
This House of Lords Library Briefing provides a brief overview of the role of the law officers and the convention on the publication of their legal advice to government in light of recent demands for the Government to publish the legal advice that is has been given regarding Brexit and the withdrawal agreement.
Withdrawal Agreement: Section 13(1)(c) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018
Published Friday, November 30, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0135
Section 13 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 sets out specific requirements that must be met before the UK can ratify the withdrawal agreement. This briefing outlines the requirements of section 13 and identifies relevant reports and useful documents, including recent parliamentary materials and press articles, which may be of assistance to Members in preparing for the following motions that are expected to be debated together: The Lord Privy Seal (Baroness Evans of Bowes Park) to move that this House, for the purposes of section 13(1)(c) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, takes note of the negotiated withdrawal agreement laid before the House on Monday 26 November 2018 with the title ‘Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community’ and the framework for the future relationship laid before the House on Monday 26 November 2018 with the title ‘Political Declaration setting out the framework for the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom’. Baroness Smith of Basildon (Labour) to move that this House, while noting that it is for the House of Commons to determine the matter, considers that a no deal outcome to negotiations under Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union must be emphatically rejected, and regrets that Her Majesty’s Government have negotiated a withdrawal agreement and political declaration that would do grave damage to the future economic prosperity, internal security and global influence of the United Kingdom.
Financial Services (Implementation of Legislation) Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, November 29, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0134
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Financial Services (Implementation of Legislation) Bill [HL] on 4 December 2018.
Displaced Children
Published Thursday, November 15, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0122
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 22 November 2018 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord McConnell of Glenscorrodale (Labour), “that this House takes note of the numbers of children displaced from their homes internationally, and the actions undertaken by the Government, the European Union and the United Nations to support them.

Displaying 1-20 out of 82

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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