Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 1-20 out of 371

Air passenger duty and regional airports
Published Tuesday, August 21, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7333
Air passenger duty (APD) is charged on all passenger flights from UK airports. Some regional airports have campaigned for lower rates of tax being charged on flights from the regions.

Topics: Aviation, Taxation

Bus Services Act 2017
Published Thursday, August 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7545
This paper explains the policy background to and contents and purpose of the Bus Services Act 2017. It will be updated as the Act is brought into force and implemented over coming years.
Blue Badges and parking for disabled people in England
Published Thursday, August 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN01360
This paper is chiefly concerned with the Blue Badge scheme; it also includes information on the provision of parking bays and on off-street parking for disabled people. The Blue Badge scheme is a devolved matter so this paper deals largely with England.

Topics: Equality, Roads

Parking policy in England
Published Thursday, August 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN02235
This briefing paper summarises parking policy in England: civil parking enforcement on public highways; parking on private land; and parking on private roads.

Topic: Roads

Automated and Electric Vehicles Act 2018
Published Wednesday, August 15, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8118
This paper explains the policy background to and contents and purpose of the Automated and Electric Vehicles Act 2018.
Haulage Permits and Trailer Registration Act 2018
Published Thursday, August 9, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8297
This paper outlines the provisions of the Haulage Permits and Trailer Registration Act 2018, explains those issues which were raised during its passage through Parliament, and provides some background as to where the Act has come from and what issues it is designed to address.

Topic: Roads

Brexit reading list: economic, business and transport policy issues
Published Monday, July 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7830
The Commons Library has compiled, from a wide range of sources, a selection of analysis and comment relevant to the UK's forthcoming withdrawal from the European Union.
Small claims for personal injuries including whiplash
Published Monday, July 9, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN04141
This Commons Library briefing paper considers the Government's proposals to reform the whiplash claims process and to increase the small claims track limit for personal injury claims
Air passenger duty : recent debates & reform
Published Sunday, July 8, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN05094
This note looks at the recent debate on taxing aviation, in the context of concerns about the structure of air passenger duty, the rates of tax, and the reform to the structure of APD in the 2014 Budget. The development of APD since its introduction is set out in two other Library notes (CBP413 & CBP6426).

Topics: Aviation, Taxation

Heathrow Airport
Published Wednesday, June 20, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN01136
This paper provides information on Heathrow Airport, including who owns it, how it is regulated, how it deals with noise and uses its runways and its plans to expand capacity with a third runway. It also sets out Government and regulatory policy in regard to the above and explains how the Parliamentary processes for approving a National Policy Statement and the planning processes for a Development Consent Order may proceed.

Topic: Aviation

May 2018 rail timetabling issues
Published Monday, June 18, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0154

Topic: Railways

Parliamentary debate 6/6/18: Northern Rail services in Greater Manchester
Published Tuesday, June 5, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0136

Topic: Railways

Airports in the South East of England
Published Tuesday, June 5, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN02893
This paper looks at airport development in London and the South East under the present and previous governments, including the work of the Airports Commission, and how airports are planning to develop their current services.

Topic: Aviation

Railways: fares statistics
Published Monday, June 4, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06384
Rail fares are greater now, in real terms, than they were near the end of the 20th Century. In January 2018 fares across all operators were 20% higher in real terms than they were in January 1995; the average annual real increase has been 0.8%. Fares have increased fastest amongst long distance operators. On 5 December 2017 the rail industry, under the auspices of the Rail Delivery Group (RDG), announced that the average fares increase for 2018 would be 3.4%.

Topic: Railways

Public ownership of industries and services
Published Thursday, May 31, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8325
Utilities, industries and services can be owned by the public or the private sector. Various models have existed in the UK, including full nationalisation, privatisation with regulation and municipalisation.
Laser Misuse (Vehicles) Act 2018
Published Wednesday, May 30, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8263
This paper provides an overview of the Laser Misuse (Vehicles) Act 2018. The Act provides for new offences of shining or directing a laser beam towards a vehicle or air traffic facility, for which the maximum penalty would be imprisonment up to 5 years, an unlimited fine, or both.

Topic: Aviation

Railway passenger franchises
Published Wednesday, May 23, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN01343
This is one of two briefing papers on rail passenger franchising. This paper sets out the terms of the various rail franchises in England, Wales and Scotland. A second paper, CBP 6521, sets out in more detail how franchising works and the franchising policy of successive governments.

Topic: Railways

Prospects for combat air: What follows Typhoon and Lightning?
Published Tuesday, May 15, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8304
The Ministry of Defence is developing a Combat Air Strategy to look at the UK's future Combat Air requirements. This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the RAF's current and future combat aircraft fleet, the UK aerospace industry and prospects for international collaboration.
Taxation of road fuels
Published Wednesday, April 25, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN00824
This note discusses the approach of Labour, Coalition and Conservative Governments since 2010 to taxing road fuels. Figures for the tax take since 1990, as well as duty rates over this period, are given in a statistical appendix.

Displaying 1-20 out of 371

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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