Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 201-220 out of 273

Debate on 7 October 2010: the Prince's Countryside Fund and support for rural communities. LLN 2010/021
Published Tuesday, October 5, 2010 | Lords Library notes LLN-2010-021
Debate on 7 October 2010: the Prince's Countryside Fund and support for rural communities. House of Lords Library Note 2010/021
Resilience of UK infrastructure
Published Friday, October 1, 2010 | POSTnotes POST-PN-362
This POSTnote outlines efforts to improve the resilience of infrastructure to the risks of natural hazards and any effects of future climate change.
Sea level rise, September 2010
Published Wednesday, September 1, 2010 | POSTnotes POST-PN-363
This POSTnote summerizes the causes of sea level rise, and the uncertainties in and the consequences for UK climate change adaptation.
Marine litter: 'continents' of rubbish
Published Thursday, July 1, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN05622
A large amount of plastic is accumulating in large areas of the sea. These areas have been dubbed 'great garbage patches' or 'plastic continents'. The long term environmental impacts of marine plastic pollution are unknown. There are concerns that it may lead to chemical contaminants entering the food chain, although more research is required.
Public conveniences
Published Thursday, May 13, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN00976
This note sets out the law relating to the provision of public conveniences and the powers of local authorities.
Boiler scrappage scheme
Published Monday, May 10, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN05253
The Government's boiler scrappage scheme closed to new applicants on 26 March 2010. Some energy companies operate a similar scheme beyond that date, but constituents are advised to obtain quotes from a range of sources, including local independent boiler fitters, to ascertain which provides the best value.
Science in the New Parliament, 2010
Published Saturday, May 1, 2010 | POSTbriefs POST-Report-12
After every general election, POST produces a special briefing highlighting some of the main science-based issues that the new Parliament is likely to encounter.
Dealing with nuisance trees and hedges
Published Wednesday, March 10, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN02999
This note sets out the options available to homeowners to deal with nuisance trees and hedges. It includes details of high hedges legislation
Transport: rural areas
Published Monday, March 8, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN00365
This note explains the Government's approach to rural transport.
Global carbon trading, March 2010
Published Monday, March 1, 2010 | POSTnotes POST-PN-354
This POSTnote looks at the EU Emission Trading System's mechanisms, comparing it with operational and proposed emissions trading systems elsewhere. Prospects of linking these to form an international system, and the alternatives, are also discussed.
Energy Bill: Committee Stage Report
Published Wednesday, February 17, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers RP10-14
This paper summarises the House of Commons Second Reading and Committee Stage proceedings of the Energy Bill. The Bill received its Second Reading on 7 December 2009. It was not amended in Committee. The Bill will introduce an incentive to support up to four carbon capture and storage (CSS) demonstration projects in the UK. CSS is a way of reducing the impact of fossil fuel emissions by capturing carbon dioxide. It will also introduce mandatory support to lower energy bills for the most vulnerable, increase the powers of the industry regulator, Ofgem, and give the Secretary of State the power to ban cross-subsidy between gas and electricity accounts.
Debate on 14th January: The Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change. LLN 2010/001
Published Friday, January 8, 2010 | Lords Library notes LLN-2010-001
Debate on 14th January: The Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change. This Library Note aims to provide background reading for the debate to be held on Thursday 14th January: “To call attention to the outcome of the Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change” The UN Conference on Climate Change took place in Copenhagen from 7th–19th December 2009. This Note explains the significance of the Conference in the context of previous international agreements on climate change, sets out the major disagreements that marred the negotiating process in Copenhagen and summarises the key elements contained in the final Copenhagen Accord. It considers analysis of the Accord’s achievements and shortcomings, and summarises the reactions of key nations and interest groups.
Sources of historical statistics
Published Thursday, January 7, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN04635
Details of online sources of historical statistics across all subject areas other than the economy. These sources are either long-term time series or snapshots of a range of data from a specific point in the past.They allow comparisons between the present day and the start of data collection and any intervening period and give an understanding of patterns -have trends been smooth, random, cyclical etc? Snapshots cover a wider range of data and help us make more general comparisons between 'then' and 'now'. Most of the series go back to around the 1920s or earlier. . This note does not include links to economic data or anything to do with family history.
Climate change: engagement and behaviour, January 2010
Published Friday, January 1, 2010 | POSTnotes POST-PN-347
This POSTnote provides an overview of UK attitudes and behaviour relating to climate change. It outlines current engagement approaches and lessons for future policy.
Insect pollination, January 2010
Published Friday, January 1, 2010 | POSTnotes POST-PN-348
This POSTnote examines the risks of insect pollination decline for the UK and explores strategies to provide stable pollination services into the future.
Energy Bill. Bill 7 2009-10.
Published Thursday, December 3, 2009 | Commons Briefing papers RP09-88
The Bill would introduce: a carbon capture and storage incentive to support the construction of up to four UK demonstration projects, to be chosen in a competition; mandatory social price support to lower energy bills (social tariffs) for the most vulnerable, which would replace the current voluntary agreement which expires in 2011. It would also add ensuring security of supply and protecting consumers to the objectives of the regulator, Ofgem; increase the regulator’s powers to deal with exploitation of electricity distribution constraints by generators; and increase Ofgem’s power to fine companies. It would give the Secretary of State the power to ban cross-subsidy between gas and electricity accounts.
Biodiversity and Climate Change, October 2009
Published Thursday, October 1, 2009 | POSTnotes POST-PN-341
The effects of climate change on biodiversity are already evident in the UK, and with continued climate change, are expected to increase. This POSTnote explores the observed and future impacts of climate change on biodiversity. It also examines the relationship between biodiversity and adaptation to a changing climate.
Ocean Acidification, October 2009
Published Thursday, October 1, 2009 | POSTnotes POST-PN-343
The increasing amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere is acidifying the oceans. The resulting changes to ecosystems and marine biodiversity may have negative impacts on fisheries and food security and reduce the coastal protection provided by coral reefs. This POSTnote outlines the science behind ocean acidification and summarises the threats to the marine environment. A global reduction of carbon emissions is the only certain way to minimise these risks.
Coastal Management, October 2009
Published Thursday, October 1, 2009 | POSTnotes POST-PN-342
Predicted sea level rise and higher storm surges will increase the risk of coastal erosion and flooding. In response to this challenge, flood and coastal erosion risk management is undergoing direction and policy change. This POSTnote examines past and present coastal management policy and the main issues arising for the future English coastline.
Published Thursday, October 1, 2009 | POSTnotes POST-PN-344
This POSTnote looks at the reasons why deforestation occurs and the impact it has on the environment, as well as examining policies to reduce it.

Displaying 201-220 out of 273

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House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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