Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 21-40 out of 8695

Carry-over of public bills
Published Wednesday, October 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN03236
The carry-over of public bills from one session to the next was suggested by the Modernisation Committee as a way of reducing the fluctuations in legislative activity caused by Parliamentary sessions. After briefly summarising the Modernisation Committee’s views, this House of Commons Library briefing paper describes the different approaches to allowing bills to be carried forward in this way in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The note also reports the use of carry-over motions and provides examples of the form of words used in carry-over motions.
Households in temporary accommodation (England)
Published Wednesday, October 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02110
This briefing paper provides background information on the increase in the number of homeless households placed in temporary accommodation by English local authorities and outlines various initiatives and issues associated with the increased use of temporary accommodation. The most recent statistics were published in September 2019 and cover the period January to March 2019.
Education spending in the UK
Published Wednesday, October 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN01078
Education spending peaked in around 2010 at 5.7% of GDP or £104 billion (2018-19 prices). It has fallen since then, but how much of this is due to changes to definitions, where does this leave the UK compared to other countries and how does this fall in spending compare to others over the past seven decades?
Afghanistan: cancelled talks and elections
Published Wednesday, October 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8680
Donald Trump has declared the talks with the Taliban "dead". Where does that leave Afghanistan?
Brexit: trade tariffs if there is no deal
Published Wednesday, October 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8518
The UK will need its own tariffs if it leaves the EU without a deal. This note explains the background.
Maiden Speeches in the House of Commons since 2015
Published Tuesday, October 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN04588
List of maiden speeches by newly elected MPs in the 2015 and 2017 Parliaments, including data from 1918 in the attached spreadsheet.
School funding in England: FAQs
Published Tuesday, October 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8419
This briefing paper aims to give a short, non-technical overview of issues around school funding in England and answer frequently-asked questions on this subject. It's been updated following the Government's Summer 2019 school funding announcements.

Topic: Schools

Brexit and UK Defence: An Explainer
Published Tuesday, October 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8676
A number of initiatives to further the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy have been agreed, with the participation of the UK, since the Brexit referendum in 2016. What do they entail and what will be the impact for the UK when it leaves the EU?
Political advertising
Published Tuesday, October 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8673
This House of Commons briefing paper provides an overview of the functions and remit of the ASA and the current advertising regulatory system. It then considers in detail the rationale for the exemption for political advertising.

Topics: Consumers, Elections

Investigation of Former Armed Forces Personnel Who Served in Northern Ireland
Published Tuesday, October 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8352
The investigation of former British soldiers who served in Northern Ireland during “The Troubles” is currently receiving a significant amount of media and parliamentary attention as a result of several ongoing court cases. It is, however, the result of a process which began over a decade ago.
MPs' changes of party allegiance in the House of Commons since 1979
Published Tuesday, October 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02537
This list notes when a Member has changed allegiance from one political party to another or decided to sit as an independent MP. Instances of Members losing or resigning a party whip are also noted.
Productivity: Key Economic Indicators
Published Tuesday, October 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02791
Latest statistics showing changes in UK productivity and comparisons of UK productivity with other G7 countries.
Statutory Homelessness in England
Published Monday, October 7, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN01164
This briefing paper provides statistics on statutory homelessness in England and explains local authorities' duties to assist homeless households. The paper includes an overview of, and comment on, Government policy in this area. The most recent statistical release covers the period between January and March 2019.
The UK competition regime
Published Monday, October 7, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN04814
This note introduces competition law and outlines the institutional arrangements for enforcing it. It also looks at past and proposed reforms, at the implications of Brexit and at competition in digital markets.
Baby Loss Awareness Week 2019
Published Monday, October 7, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0222
MPs will debate Baby Loss Awareness on Tuesday 8 October. This House of Commons Library Debate Pack provides background information and press and parliamentary coverage of the issues.
Brexit: devolved legislature business
Published Monday, October 7, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7815
This paper is a record of Brexit-related business in the devolved legislatures. It is updated every Monday when the legislatures are in session.
Energy Smart Meters
Published Monday, October 7, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8119
Between now and the end of 2020 more than 50 million new energy ‘smart meters’ are being rolled out to 30 million homes and smaller non-domestic sites in Great Britain.
Public sector employment by parliamentary constituency
Published Monday, October 7, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN05635
This note analyses public sector employment by Parliamentary constituency.
Listed sporting events
Published Friday, October 4, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN00802
This Library briefing paper looks at listed sporting events.
Procedure for appointing judges
Published Friday, October 4, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0223
A general debate, initiated by Stuart C McDonald, on Procedure for appointing judges will take place in Westminster hall on Tuesday 8 October 2019 at 2.30pm.

Topic: Courts

Displaying 21-40 out of 8695

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House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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