Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 21-40 out of 85

Brexit: some legal and constitutional issues and alternatives to EU membership
Published Thursday, July 28, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7214
This paper considers how the UK will leave the EU, some legal and constitutional issues, and possible alternatives to EU membership. What is the process for leaving the EU? Will the UK join a different grouping of states or go it alone? Will EU or UK citizens or businesses have any vested rights?
Effect of the EU Referendum on Gibraltar
Published Monday, July 18, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0147
This is a selection of relevant material for the Westminster Hall debate on Wednesday 20 July 2016, between 9:30am and 11:00am. The Member who secured the debate is Jack Lopresti MP (Conservative, Filton and Bradley Stoke).
Leaving the EU: Parliament's Role in the Process
Published Monday, July 4, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0034
Following the result of the referendum held on 23 June 2016, this House of Lords Library briefing examines what Parliament’s role would be in the process of withdrawing from the European Union in several key areas: invoking Article 50; overseeing the negotiation process; ratifying agreements; repealing and reviewing domestic legislation. This is an updated version of the briefing issued on 30 June 2016.
Brexit: what happens next?
Published Thursday, June 30, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7632
Now that the UK has voted to leave the EU, what will happen next? This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the immediate consequences of the vote and some of the longer term implications. This paper considers various questions about UK withdrawal from the EU and what is likely to happen in the coming weeks and months. The issues include the method of leaving the EU, continuing parliamentary scrutiny of EU business and the withdrawal negotiations, and the implications of Brexit for Scotland and Gibraltar.
Reading list on UK-EU relations 2013-16: reform, renegotiation, withdrawal
Published Friday, June 24, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7220
The Commons Library has compiled a selection of books, journal and press articles, think tank, parliamentary and library publications relevant to the UK's renegotiation of its membership of the European Union. This last update will be followed by a new series of briefings on the consequences of the Brexit vote.
EU Referendum: analysis of the UK's new EU Settlement
Published Thursday, May 26, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7524
This Commons Library briefing looks at the new Settlement for the United Kingdom within the European Union agreed at the European Council on 17-19 February 2016. The Settlement consists of seven texts: a Decision and a Statement of Heads of State or Government and five Declarations.
Brexit and the UN Security Council
Published Thursday, May 19, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7597
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the competing arguments about the possible effects of leaving the EU on the UK's permanent membership of the UN Security Council. The UK is one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. Would leaving the EU strengthen the UK’s position in the UN, have no direct effect, or result in a loss of legitimacy for the UN? What if it resulted in Scotland leaving the UK? Views differ; but the difficulty of amending the UN Charter makes any change to the permanent membership of the Security Council unlikely.
European Union: Prime Ministers' Speeches and Party Manifestos since 1970
Published Tuesday, March 15, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0015
This House of Lords Library briefing outlines some of the key statements on Europe made by Prime Ministers since 1970 and reproduces the manifesto commitments made at general elections by each party over the same period.
Schengen Agreement: A Short History
Published Monday, March 7, 2016 | Lords Library notes LLN-2016-0013
This House of Lords Library briefing sets out a short history of the Schengen Agreement and provides a timeline for major events in its development. It also provides further information on recent developments, including the temporary reintroduction of border controls by member states in response to recent increases in refugees and migrants from outside of the Schengen Area and in response to the terror attacks in Paris in November 2015.
Debate Pack: European Affairs
Published Tuesday, February 23, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0048
The House of Commons Library prepares a briefing in hard copy and/or online for most non-legislative debates in the Chamber and Westminster Hall other than half-hour debates.  Debate Packs are produced quickly after the announcement of parliamentary business. They are intended to provide a summary or overview of the issue being debated and identify relevant briefings and useful documents, including press and parliamentary material. More detailed briefing can be prepared for Members on request to the Library.
EU referendum: UK’s EU reform negotiations and the Tusk package
Published Tuesday, February 9, 2016 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7497
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the Prime Minister’s proposals for EU reform, which he set out in a letter to the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, in November 2015, concerning four broad areas: economic governance, competitiveness, sovereignty and free movement. It also looks at Donald Tusk’s package of draft texts to address UK concerns, their implications and prospects for agreement.
Parliamentary sovereignty and EU renegotiation
Published Tuesday, February 2, 2016 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2016-0033
This is a Debate Pack for the debate on 'Parliamentary sovereignty and EU renegotiations' on Thursday 4 February 2016. Debate Packs are collections of parliamentary and other relevant material produced for most non-legislative debates in the Chamber and Westminster Hall, other than half-hour adjournment debates.
EU referendum: reform negotiations June to December 2015
Published Wednesday, December 30, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7311
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the Prime Minister’s proposed reforms, the launch of the UK reform agenda at the European Council in June 2015 and EU institutional initiatives of relevance to the Government's reform agenda. It also considers the level of support for the UK from other EU Member States, the role – if any - of the devolved administrations in the negotiations, public opinion, the referendum campaigns and other recent developments.
European Union Referendum Bill 2015-16: Progress of the Bill
Published Friday, December 11, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7249
This House of Commons Library paper summarises the progress of the European Union Referendum Bill 2015-16 through Parliament. The Bill received its Second Reading in the House of Commons on 9 June 2015 and progressed through Committee stage on 16 and 18 June 2015. Report stage and Third Reading took place on 7 September 2015. The Bill returned from the House of Lords on 1 December 2015.
"Ever Closer Union" in the EU Treaties and Court of Justice case law
Published Monday, November 16, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7230
"Ever closer union" is an EU aim and is enshrined in the EU Treaties. David Cameron wanted to exempt the UK from it, and this has been achieved in the new settlement for the UK in the EU. This note looks at the background to “ever closer union”, its survival through several Treaty changes and its use by the EU Court of Justice.
European Union Referendum Bill
Published Thursday, October 8, 2015 | Lords Library notes LLN-2015-0033
This Library Note provides background reading for the European Union Referendum Bill, debated ay second reading in the House of Lords on 13 October 2015.
The 1974-75 UK Renegotiation of EEC Membership and Referendum
Published Monday, July 13, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7253
Why did the UK Government decide to renegotiate the UK's terms of EEC membership in 1974-75? What was the outcome of the negotiations and what did the Referendum Bill say? This briefing looks at the Labour Government's renegotiation and indicates where there are parallels with the present Government's renegotiation agenda.
European Union Referendum Bill 2015-16
Published Wednesday, June 3, 2015 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7212
The European Union Referendum Bill 2015-16 requires the holding of a referendum on the UK’s EU membership before the end of 2017. This paper provides information about the provisions in the Bill.

Displaying 21-40 out of 85

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