Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 21-40 out of 298

Animal Experiment Statistics
Published Thursday, April 12, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN02720
In 2014 3.8 million procedures were completed on regulated living animals representing a decrease of 6% compared to 2013. This note summarises and analyses trends in data, including the growth of universities as the dominant seat of research on animals, the decline of research for toxicological purposes, and the growth in animal procedures for cancer research.
UK Fifth Carbon Budget
Published Monday, March 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7555
A House of Commons Library Briefing Paper on the UK Fifth Carbon Budget, including information on the Climate Change Act 2008, the Committee on Climate Change's proposals and the Government's Clean Growth Strategy. Information on progress against carbon budgets is also provided.
Anti-corruption strategy and the illegal wildlife trade
Published Monday, February 26, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0048
A Westminster Hall debate on the 'Anti-corruption strategy and the illegal wildlife trade' is scheduled for Wednesday 28 February 2018 from 2.30-4.00pm. The Member initiating the debate is Dr Rupa Huq MP.
The Ageing Process and Health
Published Friday, February 9, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0571
This POST note examines the biological basis of ageing, the potential to manipulate the ageing process and to use such knowledge to promote better health later in life.
Overseas Electricity Interconnection
Published Friday, February 9, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0569
Electricity markets in the UK, Ireland and continental Europe are physically linked by ‘interconnector’ cables. These benefit energy system operators and consumers by reducing prices. They can also help integrate renewable electricity and ensure security of supply. This note discusses these benefits, proposals for future increases in interconnection and the potential effects of Brexit.
Science Diplomacy
Published Thursday, February 8, 2018 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0568
A POSTnote which explains what science diplomacy involves, outlining the mechanisms and settings that encourage organisations and individuals to build international relations through science-related activities.
25-year environment plan
Published Wednesday, January 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8196
The Government published its 25-year plan to improve the environment on 11 January 2018. This briefing paper provides an overview and background to the plan, picks out key themes and commitments, and provides a summary of stakeholder reaction.
Green Finance and the Resilience of the Financial Sector to Climate Change
Published Friday, January 12, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0004
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate on 18 January 2018 on the following motion moved by Lord Teverson (Liberal Democrat) “that this House takes note of the case for the UK to remain a global leader for green finance, and for the UK’s financial sector to be resilient to climate change”.
Topics of Interest 2018
Published Monday, January 8, 2018 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0027
This list sets out the topic areas identified of possible parliamentary interest under the 9 different category headings (Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry, Crime, Defence, Education and Skills, Energy, Environment, Health, ICT and Robotics and Transport and Infrastructure).
Carbon Price Floor (CPF) and the price support mechanism
Published Monday, January 8, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN05927
This Commons Library Briefing Paper provides an overview of the introduction of a Carbon Floor Price and the Government's freeze of Carbon Price Support until 2021. The Government confirmed the price support would continue until coal was phased out.
Artificial Intelligence and Automation in the UK
Published Thursday, December 21, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8152
This briefing looks at the issue of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Automation, covering recent announcements such as 'sector deal' in the Industrial Strategy and research on the potential impacts of the technology.
Control for low carbon levies
Published Wednesday, December 20, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8187
This Commons Library briefing provides an overview of the new Control for Low Carbon Levies, and the Levy Control Framework, which it replaced.
Global Effects of Climate Change on Health
Published Thursday, December 14, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0099
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate on 21 December 2017 on the following motion tabled by Baroness Walmsley (Liberal Democrat): "to move that this House takes note of the global effects of climate change on health".
Greenhouse gas emissions (UK): Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN03950
Trends in UK greenhouse gas emissions.
The weather in the home countries: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN04319
2014 was the warmest year on record for the UK -what exactly was the weather like over the past 12 months?
Research and development expenditure regionally and in the UK: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06967
UK research and development expenditure with regional breakdown and international comparisons.
Regulating Advanced Therapies
Published Friday, November 17, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0567
A POSTnote which explains what advanced therapies are and how they can benefit patients, and gives an overview of the current regulatory framework and how this might change after Brexit.
Decarbonising the Gas Network
Published Wednesday, November 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0565
The burning of natural gas for heating contributes 14% of the UK’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Decarbonising, or reducing the carbon content of the UK gas supply is one option for reducing the emissions from heating. This POSTnote looks at the contribution that two alternative gases, hydrogen and biomethane, could make in achieving this goal.
Environmental Earth Observation
Published Wednesday, November 15, 2017 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0566
Earth observation (EO) is the process of gathering information about the Earth from a range of sensors to provide monitoring data at a range of scales. This POSTnote outlines some of the environmental uses and benefits of EO data, the potential opportunities from advances in relevant technologies and challenges facing the effective use of EO data.

Displaying 21-40 out of 298

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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