Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 21-40 out of 375

Parliamentary debate 6/6/18: Northern Rail services in Greater Manchester
Published Tuesday, June 5, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0136

Topic: Railways

Airports in the South East of England
Published Tuesday, June 5, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN02893
This paper looks at airport development in London and the South East under the present and previous governments, including the work of the Airports Commission, and how airports are planning to develop their current services.

Topic: Aviation

Railways: fares statistics
Published Monday, June 4, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06384
Rail fares are greater now, in real terms, than they were near the end of the 20th Century. In January 2018 fares across all operators were 20% higher in real terms than they were in January 1995; the average annual real increase has been 0.8%. Fares have increased fastest amongst long distance operators. On 5 December 2017 the rail industry, under the auspices of the Rail Delivery Group (RDG), announced that the average fares increase for 2018 would be 3.4%.

Topic: Railways

Public ownership of industries and services
Published Thursday, May 31, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8325
Utilities, industries and services can be owned by the public or the private sector. Various models have existed in the UK, including full nationalisation, privatisation with regulation and municipalisation.
Laser Misuse (Vehicles) Act 2018
Published Wednesday, May 30, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8263
This paper provides an overview of the Laser Misuse (Vehicles) Act 2018. The Act provides for new offences of shining or directing a laser beam towards a vehicle or air traffic facility, for which the maximum penalty would be imprisonment up to 5 years, an unlimited fine, or both.

Topic: Aviation

Railway passenger franchises
Published Wednesday, May 23, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN01343
This is one of two briefing papers on rail passenger franchising. This paper sets out the terms of the various rail franchises in England, Wales and Scotland. A second paper, CBP 6521, sets out in more detail how franchising works and the franchising policy of successive governments.

Topic: Railways

Prospects for combat air: What follows Typhoon and Lightning?
Published Tuesday, May 15, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8304
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the RAF's current and future combat aircraft fleet, the UK aerospace industry and prospects for international collaboration ahead of the publication of the Combat Air Strategy.
Taxation of road fuels
Published Wednesday, April 25, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN00824
This note discusses the approach of Labour, Coalition and Conservative Governments since 2010 to taxing road fuels. Figures for the tax take since 1990, as well as duty rates over this period, are given in a statistical appendix.
Parliamentary debate 25/4/18 - Transport for the South East
Published Tuesday, April 24, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0100
This debate will take place between 2.30 and 4.00 pm on 25 April in Westminster Hall. The Member who secured the debate is Huw Merriman MP (Con., Bexhill and Battle).

Topics: Aviation, Railways, Roads

Road accident casualties in Britain and the world
Published Monday, April 23, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7615
Road Accident statistics with various breakdowns and analyses

Topic: Roads

Brexit: new guidelines on the framework for future EU-UK relations
Published Thursday, April 19, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8289
Brexit negotiations have resumed and this third phase will cover issues outstanding from the last phases - the Irish border in particular - and the framework for future EU-UK relations. This paper looks at how the EU and the UK envisage their relationship after Brexit.
Brexit and transport
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7633
This Commons Library briefing paper discusses some of the pertinent issues in the four main transport policy areas: aviation, railways, roads and road-based public transport, and maritime. It will be updated and expanded as more information is published and new issues emerge.
Private, or 'unadopted' roads in England and Wales
Published Tuesday, April 10, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN00402
This paper explains what private or ‘unadopted’ roads are and the problems and issues associated with them. It also explains who is responsible for maintaining these roads and how highways authorities can ‘adopt’ such roads and make them public highways.

Topic: Roads

Local road charges
Published Wednesday, March 14, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN01171
This short paper explains what local road charging schemes are, how they can be implanted and what the attitudes of successive governments have been to their introduction.

Topics: Pollution, Roads

Vehicle scrappage schemes
Published Wednesday, March 7, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8091
This paper gives a brief overview of the debates about vehicle scrappage schemes in recent years – from the 2009 scrappage scheme introduced by the Labour Government to calls from 2015 onwards for a new diesel scrappage scheme to help improve air quality.
Merger of British Transport Police Scottish division with Police Scotland
Published Monday, March 5, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0058
A Westminster Hall debate on the Merger of British Transport Police Scottish division with Police Scotland is scheduled for Tuesday 6 March 2018 at 9.30am. The Member leading the debate is Douglas Ross MP.

Topics: Police, Railways

Access to transport for disabled people
Published Monday, March 5, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN00601
This paper explains the legislative frameworks and policies that apply to public transport users with disabilities or reduced mobility.
Estimates - Spending of the Department of Transport
Published Friday, February 23, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0050
The new-style Estimates day debates provides the House with an opportunity to explore and scrutinise in more detail the DfT’s spending plans and priorities.
Haulage Permits and Trailer Registration Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Tuesday, February 20, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0025
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading of the Haulage Permits and Trailer Registration Bill [HL] in the House of Lords on 27 February 2018.
Electric vehicles and infrastructure
Published Tuesday, February 20, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7480
This paper explains what electric vehicles are and how successive governments have planned for infrastructure and provided vehicle grants and incentives to encourage and accommodate their growth. It also sets out how the electricity grid is preparing to accommodate any increased demand from EV charging and looks at comparative emissions from EVs and conventional vehicles.

Displaying 21-40 out of 375

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House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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