Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 1026

Fisheries and Brexit
Published Wednesday, October 30, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8396
Following Brexit, the UK will no longer be part of the EU Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). It will become an independent coastal state and be fully responsible for managing fisheries in the UK’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), extending 200 nautical miles (nm) from shore
European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill 2019
Published Wednesday, October 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8686
The European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill 2019 was announced in the Queen's Speech on 14 October 2019.
Withdrawal Agreement Bill: The Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland
Published Wednesday, October 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8720
What does the Withdrawal Agreement Bill say about what will happen to Northern Ireland post-Brexit? How will it translate into UK law the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland in the Withdrawal Agreement that replaced the 'backstop'?
Revisions to the Political Declaration on the framework for future EU-UK relations
Published Friday, October 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8714
The UK and EU agreed a revised Political Declaration on the framework for the future UK-EU relationship on 17 October. This Briefing provides an outline of the contents of the Declaration and the key changes in the revised text
The October 2019 EU UK Withdrawal Agreement
Published Friday, October 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8713
Boris Johnson's Government have negotiated a new 'deal' with the European Union. It is formed of a Political Declaration and a Withdrawal Agreement. This paper focuses on the Withdrawal Agreement and how it compares to the one negotiated by Theresa May's Government in November 2018. The main differences are in the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland or the 'backstop' as it is commonly known. It contains very different arrangements, the UK will no longer be in a single customs territory or union with the EU. The UK will no longer be legally bound to continue with level playing field commitments at the end of the transition period. Northern Ireland will still be in the UK's customs territory and VAT area, however, the region will align with the EU's rules in these areas. Northern Ireland will remain mostly aligned to the EU's regulations for goods. Four years after the end of the transition period Northern Ireland's democratic institutions will vote on whether they wish to continue the arrangements in the Protocol.
Northern Ireland, Citizenship and the Belfast/Good Friday Agreement
Published Friday, October 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8571
The definition of 'EEA citizen' in the rules for the Home Office's settled status scheme has recently changed. What are the consequences? How do these changes affect the people of Northern Ireland? Why are some people unhappy with these changes? What does British nationality law say about people born in Northern Ireland? How do these nationality laws interact with the birthright provision of the Belfast/Good Friday Agreement? What does the European Convention on Human Rights say about identity and immigration? What do the people of Northern Ireland say when they are asked about their nationality? This paper looks at the complex issues behind all these questions.
Brexit and UK Defence: An Explainer
Published Friday, October 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8676
A number of initiatives to further the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy have been agreed, with the participation of the UK, since the Brexit referendum in 2016. What do they entail and what will be the impact for the UK when it leaves the EU?
The UK's future immigration system
Published Friday, October 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8711
After the UK leaves the EU the Government plans to implement a new, unified immigration system, which will apply to all people who come to the UK. According to the Government they intend to implement the future immigration system from 1 January 2021. This briefing sets out the current proposals for the future immigration system, although many of the details remain unknown.
Syria: US withdrawal and Turkish incursion
Published Thursday, October 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8710
The Turkish incursion into north eastern Syria has caused concerns about refugees, ISIS prisoners and the future stability of Syria.
The Qatar crisis and regional ramifications
Published Tuesday, October 15, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8690
The dispute between Qatar and its Arab neighbours remains unresolved and is playing out in other conflict situation across the region.

Topic: Middle East

Getting divorced if there is a no-deal Brexit
Published Wednesday, October 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8671
This Commons Library briefing paper considers how getting divorced might be affected by a no-deal Brexit
Afghanistan: elections and cancelled talks
Published Wednesday, October 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8680
Donald Trump has declared the talks with the Taliban "dead". Where does that leave Afghanistan?
Investigation of Former Armed Forces Personnel Who Served in Northern Ireland
Published Tuesday, October 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8352
The investigation of former British soldiers who served in Northern Ireland during “The Troubles” is currently receiving a significant amount of media and parliamentary attention as a result of several ongoing court cases. It is, however, the result of a process which began over a decade ago.
UK aid: frequently asked questions
Published Thursday, October 3, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7996
What is aid? What is the UN 0.7% aid target and why has the UK adopted it? Which government departments spend UK aid? What impact does UK aid have? What will be the impact of Brexit on UK aid? These and other questions are answered in an accessible way in this briefing paper.
The Iran nuclear deal and rising tensions in the Gulf
Published Tuesday, October 1, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8597
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the Iran nuclear agreement (the JCPOA) and recent developments between the US and Iran, following the attack on tankers in the Gulf in June 2019.
Prisoners' voting rights: developments since May 2015
Published Monday, September 30, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7461
This House of Commons Briefing Paper analyses the debate over the voting rights of prisoners since May 2015, it also includes a concise summary of the main developments before May 2015.
Brexit and Pet Travel
Published Thursday, September 26, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8667
The rules for pet travel will change once the UK leaves the EU. In the case of a no deal Brexit there will be more stringent requirements for pet owners travelling to and from the EU.
EU Defence: the realisation of Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO)
Published Monday, September 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8149
In November 2017, 23 EU Member States submitted a Joint Notification to the EU Council of Ministers setting out their intention to utilise the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) mechanism to further European defence (CSDP). Ireland and Portugal subsequently joined in early December and a Decision formally launching PESCO was adopted on 11 December 2017. The first 17 capability projects were formally launched in March 2018, with a second tranche of 17 projects agreed in November 2018. The UK did not sign the Joint Notification and will, therefore, remain outside of PESCO. In doing so, the UK has no decision making rights over its governance, its projects, or a veto over its future strategic direction.
The European Intervention Initiative (EII/EI2)
Published Monday, September 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8432
The European Intervention Initiative (EII/EI2) is a French-led initiative set out by President Macron in September 2017 as part of his vision for a “sovereign, united and democratic Europe”. In order to achieve that ambition he put forward proposals for a common European intervention force and a common doctrine for action, independent of the European Union. Ten European countries, including the UK, are involved in the initiative. Italy indicated its willingness to join in September 2019.

Displaying 41-60 out of 1026

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House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

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The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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