Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 8852

Policing in the UK: Serious and Organised Crime
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Lords Library notes LLN-2020-0016
The House of Lords Library Briefing explores the nature of Serious and Organised Crime in the UK. It includes statistics on the scale of the problem as well as information on the response by the Government and the National Crime Agency.
Airline Insolvency Review
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8722
This Commons briefing paper provides a summary of the background to the Airline Insolvency Review and its key recommendations.

Topics: Aviation, Insolvency

Manufacturing: Key Economic Indicators
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers SN05206
Manufacturing: Data on manufacturing jobs, output and producer confidence.
What happens to gift vouchers etc. on insolvency of retailer?
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers SN06540
The house of Commons briefing paper explains the treatment of gift vouchers and other types of consumer prepayments (cash deposits etc.) when a retailer is in financial difficulty and goes into administration.

Topic: Insolvency

Service industries: Key Economic Indicators
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers SN02786
Service industries: Data for the sector that incorporates the retail sector, the financial sector, the public sector, business administration and cultural activities.
Railways (minimum service levels) Bill 2019-20
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8796
The Railways (minimum service levels) Bill 2019-20 was announced in the Queen’s Speech on 19 December 2019 No date is yet available for second reading.
Personal service companies & IR35
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers SN05976
The 'IR35' rules to prevent the exploitation of personal service companies for tax avoidance were introduced in April 2000, following a long and contentious consultation exercise. This legislation remains unpopular among freelancers who use this corporate form to provide services. This note looks at debates as to the effectiveness of these rules and wider concerns about the use of employment intermediaries to avoid tax, before discussing recent developments as to their application in the public and private sector.
Tax avoidance: a General Anti-Avoidance Rule - background history (1997-2010)
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers SN02956
This note gives some background to the earlier debates there have been on the case for a general statutory prohibition of aggressive tax avoidance, in relation to the Coalition Government's introduction of a General Anti-Abuse Rule in 2013.

Topic: Taxation

Tax avoidance: a General Anti-Abuse Rule
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers SN06265
UK tax law is specifically targeted rather than purposive: in tackling the exploitation of loopholes in the law, governments have legislated against individual avoidance schemes as and when these have come to light. This note looks at the case that has been made recently for a general anti-avoidance rule, and the Coalition Government's introduction of a 'narrower' General Anti-Abuse Rule in 2013.

Topic: Taxation

Sentencing (Pre-consolidation Amendments) Bill [HL] 2019-20
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8701
The Sentencing (Pre-consolidation Amendments) Bill 2019-20 was announced in the Queen’s Speech on 19 December 2019. No date has yet been set for Second Reading.

Topic: Crime

Economic Affairs Committee Report: Rethinking High Speed 2
Published Thursday, January 16, 2020 | Lords Library notes LLN-2020-0015
This House of Lords Library Briefing contains a selection of material relevant for the forthcoming debate in the House of Lords on the report from the House of Lords Economic Affairs Committee ‘Rethinking High Speed 2’.

Topic: Railways

Direct Payments to Farmers (Legislative Continuity) Bill 2019-20
Published Wednesday, January 15, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8795
This briefing sets out the policy background to and provisions in the Direct Payment to Farmers (Legislative Continuity) Bill 2019-20. The Bill provides powers to Ministers to allow farm support direct payments to continue in 2020 after the UK leaves the EU.
EU Committee Reports: EU Fisheries Landing Obligation
Published Wednesday, January 15, 2020 | Lords Library notes LLN-2020-0014
This House of Lords Library Briefing contains a selection of material relevant for the forthcoming debate on the EU Committee Reports on the EU Fisheries Landing Obligation.
Parking: FAQs for 2020
Published Wednesday, January 15, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8736

Topic: Roads

The Erasmus Programme
Published Wednesday, January 15, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8326
This House of Commons briefing provides information on the Erasmus+ programme and discusses the future position of the UK with regard to the scheme post Brexit.
Unemployment - International Comparisons: Key Economic Indicators
Published Wednesday, January 15, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers SN02800
Unemployment: International Comparisons: Data on harmonised unemployment rates for major international economies.
Mothers' details on marriage certificates
Published Wednesday, January 15, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7516
This Commons Library briefing paper provides information about proposed changes to marriage registration which will enable details of both parents of each of the parties to a marriage to be included on a marriage certificate (and not just fathers' details, as at present)
What now for the Iran nuclear deal?
Published Wednesday, January 15, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8792
At the beginning of January 2020 Iran announced that it would no longer abide by any of its commitments set down in the nuclear deal (the JCPOA) agreed in 2015. In light of that decision, the UK, Germany and France (the E3), who are signatories to the deal, announced on 14 January that Iran's non-compliance would be referred to the Joint Commission under the Dispute Resolution Mechanism of the JCPOA. What happens next?
Inflation: Key Economic Indicators
Published Wednesday, January 15, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers SN02792
Inflation: Data on both the CPI and RPI inflation indices.
UK forces in the Middle East region
Published Wednesday, January 15, 2020 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8794
The UK armed forces use a range of bases and facilities in the Middle East. This short Commons Library note identifies the main ones.

Displaying 41-60 out of 8852

About libraries

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The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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