Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 7688

Drug seizures and offending: Social Indicators page
Published Tuesday, April 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN02619
A summary of statistics on drug use, drug seizures and drug offences.
Average Earnings: Key Economic Indicators
Published Tuesday, April 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN02795
Average Earnings: Regularly updated data on average weekly earnings, including breakdowns by public and private sectors.
Protecting children in conflict areas
Published Tuesday, April 17, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0098
A Westminster Hall debate on ‘Protecting children in conflict areas’ has been scheduled for Wednesday 25 April 2018 from 9.30am to 11.00am. The debate has been initiated by Chris Law MP.
Crime in England and Wales: Social Indicators page
Published Tuesday, April 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN02617
Crime in England & Wales: Social Indicators page.

Topic: Crime

Agriculture in the home countries: Social Indicators page
Published Tuesday, April 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7754
Agriculture in the home countries: Social Indicators page providing summary statistics on agriculture in the countries of the UK from the annual June farm surveys.

Topic: Agriculture

Bat Habitats Regulation Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Tuesday, April 17, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0039
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Bat Habitats Regulation Bill [HL] on 27 April 2018.

Topic: Wildlife

People claiming unemployment benefits by constituency, March 2018
Published Tuesday, April 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8286
This paper provides figures for the number of people claiming unemployment benefits (the “claimant count”) by parliamentary constituency, as well as a summary of the latest labour market statistics for the UK as a whole. There was a modest increase in employment and a small fall in unemployment over the past quarter. The rate of average earnings growth continued to increase, although annual growth in average earnings remained slightly below CPI inflation.
Changes to the Personal Independence Payment eligibility criteria
Published Tuesday, April 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7911
On 19 January 2018 the Government announced that it accepted a High Court ruling that controversial changes made in March 2017 to the criteria for the PIP mobility component for people experiencing psychological distress were unlawful. This briefing gives background information to the changes that have now been overturned. It will be updated in due course to take account of subsequent developments. In the meantime, this page gives information on what the latest announcement means for PIP claimants.
Parliamentary approval for military action
Published Tuesday, April 17, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7166
The deployment of the Armed Forces is currently a prerogative power. Parliament has no legally established role and the Government is under no legal obligation with respect to its conduct. In 2011 the Government acknowledged that a convention had emerged whereby the House of Commons would have the opportunity to debate the deployment of military forces, prior to doing so, except in the event of an emergency. The defeat of the Government in a vote on military action in Syria in August 2013 was widely viewed as an assertion of Parliamentary sovereignty on such matters. Yet many have argued that the convention lacks clarity and remains open to interpretation and exploitation. Indeed, the recent limited airstrikes against the Syrian regime’s chemical weapons capabilities have been undertaken without recourse to Parliament, with the Government justifying its actions on humanitarian grounds. The lack of Parliamentary consultation has reignited the debate about formally legislating for Parliament’s role in such matters. Despite having committed to legislating on this issue in 2011, the Government dropped its proposals in April 2016.
Pre-election period of sensitivity
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN05262
Restrictions on the use of public resources are in place during the pre-election period before elections and referendums. The Cabinet Office issues guidance for civil servants on their conduct during this period. Local elections are taking place in some parts of England on 3 May 2018.
The legal basis for air strikes against Syrian government targets
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8287
This paper looks at the general prohibition in international law on the use of force or threat of force directed at other states, and the legal advice on which the Government decided to participate with the US and France in air strikes on Syrian government targets on 14 April.
Introducing a voluntary Right to Buy for housing association tenants in England
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7224
This House of Commons Library briefing explains proposals to extend the Right to Buy to assured tenants of housing associations on a voluntary basis. No implementation date for full roll-out has been announced. A large regional pilot scheme will begin in the Midlands in 2018 which will last for one year.
The school curriculum in England
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06798
This note provides an overview of the curriculum in state-funded schools in England. It outlines what schools have to teach and at what ages. It also provides historical information on the development and revision of the national curriculum since its inception.

Topic: Schools

Brexit and transport
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7633
This Commons Library briefing paper discusses some of the pertinent issues in the four main transport policy areas: aviation, railways, roads and road-based public transport, and maritime. It will be updated and expanded as more information is published and new issues emerge.
Brexit reading list: economic, business and transport policy issues
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7830
The Commons Library has compiled, from a wide range of sources, a selection of analysis and comment relevant to the UK's forthcoming withdrawal from the European Union.
Universities Superannuation Scheme
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8156
Looks at the consultation on the 2017 valuation of the Universities Superannuation Scheme (USS) and the proposed reforms

Topic: Pensions

Fly-tipping
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0087
This pack has been produced ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Tuesday 17 April 2018 from 9.30-11am on fly-tipping. The debate will be opened by Neil Parish MP.
Antisemitism
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0095
General debate on antisemitism
School places in England: applications, allocations and appeals
Published Monday, April 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN07147
This briefing paper provides an overview of how places are allocated at state-funded mainstream schools in England. It covers appeals, and other options for parents and carers unhappy with their child's allocated school. Updated for primary national offer day in April 2018.

Topic: Schools

The Future of the UK digital and tech industries
Published Friday, April 13, 2018 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2018-0096
This debate pack has been produced ahead of the Westminster Hall debate on 'The Future of the UK digital and tech industries' to be held on Wednesday 18th April at 2:30pm.

Displaying 41-60 out of 7688

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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