Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics

    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 41-60 out of 375

Transport Spending by Region
Published Friday, February 16, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8130
Tables-based paper, outlining levels of public spending on transport by region and nation of the UK

Topics: Buses, Railways, Roads

Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, February 8, 2018 | Lords Library notes LLN-2018-0022
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading of the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill in the House of Lords on 20 February 2018.

Topic: Roads

Airspace change and modernisation
Published Tuesday, January 30, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7889
This paper looks at the structure and management of airspace in the UK and the wider international context. It explains how airspace functions at the moment and proposals to upgrade and improve it, including the EU Single European Sky programme and the UK’s Future Airspace Strategy.

Topic: Aviation

Taxi and private hire vehicle licensing in England
Published Tuesday, January 30, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN02005
This paper sets out the licensing arrangements for taxis and private hire vehicles (PHVs), drivers and operators in England and the enforcement of those licences. It also looks at some of the most significant reports into the future of the taxi and PHV industries in recent years and issues currently of concern to the industry and licensing authorities such as capping licence numbers, cross-border working, accessibility and disruptive technology.

Topic: Roads

Transport 2018: FAQ for MPs
Published Thursday, January 11, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7954
This paper sets out answers to commonly asked questions by Members of Parliament about various aspects of transport policy, usually related to constituency issues.
Passenger rail services in England
Published Tuesday, January 9, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers SN06521
This paper explains how passenger rail services are provided in England and the policies of successive governments towards rail franchising. It also looks at those proposals which have been put forward for further reform – specifically more partnership working, competition, public ownership and devolution.

Topic: Railways

The National Shipbuilding Strategy: January 2018 update
Published Tuesday, January 9, 2018 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8193
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the UK's National Shipbuilding Strategy and what it means for the Royal Navy's new frigates.
Topics of Interest 2018
Published Monday, January 8, 2018 | POSTbriefs POST-PB-0027
This list sets out the topic areas identified of possible parliamentary interest under the 9 different category headings (Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry, Crime, Defence, Education and Skills, Energy, Environment, Health, ICT and Robotics and Transport and Infrastructure).
Laser Misuse (Vehicles) Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
Published Thursday, December 21, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0103
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Laser Misuse (Vehicles) Bill [HL] on 9 January 2018.
Air Pollution: Meeting Nitrogen Dioxide Targets
Published Wednesday, December 13, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8179
Despite falling UK emissions of air pollutants, concerns remain about pollutants in urban areas in particular; their impacts on lifelong health; and the UK Government’s failure to meet legally binding EU air quality targets

Topics: Pollution, Roads

Motor car insurance
Published Friday, December 1, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN06061
This note outlines some of the factors influencing the cost of motor insurance premiums and what government and the industry have done to try and reduce costs.
Road tolls
Published Wednesday, November 29, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN00442
This paper sets out the powers of government and the private sector to levy tolls on individual roads and explains the policies of successive governments in this regard. It also looks at the only toll road in England along the M6 corridor and at four tolled crossings – at Dartford, across the Humber, the Mersey and the Severn.

Topic: Roads

Road fuel prices: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02638
UK petrol and diesel price trends and cross EU price comparisons
Road traffic in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02659
Trends since 1950 in road traffic in Great Britain.

Topic: Roads

Road accident casualties in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02658
A summary of reported road accident casualty statistics.
Passenger transport in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02660
Social Indicator: Passenger transport

Topics: Railways, Roads

National rail usage and performance in Great Britain: Social Indicators page
Published Monday, November 27, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN02661
Social Indicator: National rail usage and performance in Great Britain

Topic: Railways

Vehicle Excise Duty (VED)
Published Thursday, November 23, 2017 | Commons Briefing papers SN01482
This briefing paper explains the policies of successive governments towards the setting and design of vehicle excise duty (VED) for cars and other vehicles. It gives information as to the exemptions from payment and how the Government enforces its collection. It also describes the most recent change to VED: those introduced for new vehicles from April 2017 and those affecting diesel vehicles from 2018.

Topics: Roads, Taxation

Gig Economy: Introduction
Published Tuesday, November 21, 2017 | Lords Library notes LLN-2017-0086
This House of Lords Library briefing provides overall information on the demographics and earnings of those participating in the gig economy, on gig economy working practices in each sector, and on the potential effects to be seen in the wider economy.

Displaying 41-60 out of 375

About libraries

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

House of Lords Library

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

POST

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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