Brexit and chemicals regulation (REACH)
Published Thursday, September 19, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8403
A House of Commons Library briefing paper discussing the EU REACH regulation for chemicals and the potential impacts of Brexit including in relation to a no deal scenario.
UK replacement of the EU's external agreements after Brexit
Published Thursday, September 19, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8370
The EU has over a thousand international agreements with non-EU countries, covering trade, aviation, nuclear co-operation and other issues. These will cease to apply to the UK when it leaves the EU. The Government has identified 157 agreements with non-EU countries that it is seeking in order to replace these arrangements in the event of a no deal Brexit. Some agreements have already been concluded, but engagement is ongoing for most of these and some will not be in place by the scheduled Brexit day of 31 October.
Topics: Asia, Aviation, EU external relations, EU law and treaties, Europe, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Human rights, International development, International economic relations, International organisations, International trade, Parliament
EU Settlement Scheme
Published Thursday, September 19, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8584
This briefing provides an overview of the EU Settlement Scheme (EUSS). The scheme has been introduced to allow EU, EEA and Swiss nationals, and their close family members, to apply to remain in the UK following its departure from the European Union.
Prospects for US-Russian nuclear arms control
Published Wednesday, September 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8421
Bilateral agreements aimed at restricting the nuclear arsenals of the United States and the Soviet Union/Russia have been in place since the early 1970s. For the first time in nearly 50 years that nuclear arms control architecture is now potentially heading towards a crisis.
Demise of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty
Published Tuesday, September 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8634
On 2 August 2019 the United States formally withdrew from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. In place for over 30 years, it was considered a cornerstone of the international arms control architecture as it was the first treaty to eliminate an entire category of weapons from the nuclear arsenals of the US and Russia and ended a nuclear stand-off in Europe. What are the implications of its demise for European security and the arms control agenda more broadly?
European defence: where is it heading?
Published Tuesday, September 10, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8216
In light of Brexit, an increasingly assertive Russia and the unpredictable attitude of the current US administration toward European security, there is, at present. a political appetite for progress in the development of the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy. Much has been achieved in the last few years and without the UK, which has historically opposed deeper defence integration, Brexit undoubtedly offers opportunities. The question is: how far will the EU at 27 be willing to go? This is an update to earlier versions of this paper published in May 2018 and May 2019.
A no-deal Brexit: the Johnson Government
Published Friday, September 6, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8654
Commons Briefing Paper 8397, What if there's no Brexit deal? considered among other things how the UK and the EU arrived at a situation in which a no-deal Brexit might happen. This paper considers the position since Boris Johnson became Prime Minister in July.
Brexit: energy and climate change
Published Thursday, September 5, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8394
A House of Commons Library Briefing Paper discussing key energy and climate change policy in the UK, the status of related Brexit negotiations and the possible impact of Brexit on these policy areas, including in relation to a no deal scenario.
Mobile roaming in a 'no deal' Brexit
Published Thursday, August 29, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8649
This page provides information about mobile roaming charges for UK customers travelling to the EU if the UK leaves the EU without a deal.
The United Nations Global Compact for Migration
Published Friday, August 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8459
The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration was formally adopted by 164 Member States of the United Nations, including the UK, in December 2018. This briefing explains what's in the Compact and its implications for Member States.
UK-EU relations after Brexit: an Association Agreement?
Published Tuesday, August 13, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8645
We don't know what the future relationship between the UK and the EU will be. It has been suggested that an Association Agreement might be appropriate because it is a fairly flexible kind of agreement and can include a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area. But an Association Agreement also requires a degree of legislative approximation of the third country with the laws of the EU, and it isn't clear whether the UK Government would find this acceptable. This paper looks at the scope and contents of some existing Association Agreements.
Brexit and financial services
Published Tuesday, August 13, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7628
What does Brexit mean for financial services? This briefing reviews progress and possibilities – from the 2018 Political Declaration to preparations for Brexit with no deal.
The status of "retained EU Law"
Published Tuesday, July 30, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8375
As the UK leaves the EU, it is converting most of EU law into a new type of domestic law. "Retained EU law" is created by the EU (Withdrawal) Act 2018 and will come into effect on "exit day" (originally 29 March 2019, now 31 October 2019). But what is this new law, who can change it, and how?
EU preparations for a no-deal Brexit
Published Tuesday, July 30, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8547
The EU and the other 27 Member States have been preparing for a possible no-deal, or 'disorderly', Brexit. The European Commission has had a no-deal preparedness plan which is now complete, and the EU27 have also been implementing their own preparations which will take effect if the UK leaves the EU without a withdrawal agreement at the end of October 2019. This paper looks at the EU preparedness programme and at some of the EU27 measures, particularly in the area of citizens' rights.
Topics: Aviation, Companies, Employment, EU law and treaties, Europe, European Commission, Health services, Immigration, International trade, Nationality, Railways, Regulation, Roads, Shipping, Tourism
Brexit: parliamentary scrutiny of UK replacement treaties
Published Wednesday, July 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8509
The UK is party to hundreds of international treaties with third states or organisations, many of them on trade, by virtue of its EU membership. To continue to benefit from the advantages of these agreements, the Government has been seeking to replace them in a UK bilateral context. The Government has prioritised trade agreements, but has also agreed replacement agreements covering aviation services and safety, and road transport, for example. But Parliament is not happy about the way the Government is carrying out this 'treaty continuity programme' and Committees in both Houses have called for a greater scrutiny role for Parliament in treaty-making processes. This paper looks at what has been going on and what Parliamentary Committees in both Houses have asked for. It includes a table showing where we are with scrutiny of these treaties and what sort of scrutiny they have undergone, both in their precursor form as EU treaties and currently as replacement treaties.
Topics: Agriculture, Aviation, Central government, Civil law, Data protection, Devolution, EU law and treaties, Europe, Fisheries, Human rights, Intellectual property, International law, International trade, Overseas territories, Parliament, Privacy, Railways, Regulation, Roads, Shipping, United Nations
UK arms exports to Saudi Arabia: Q&A
Published Wednesday, July 10, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8425
This short Commons Library briefing paper examines UK arms sales to Saudi Arabia.
Brexit: Owning a Second Home in the EU27
Published Tuesday, July 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8614
This paper compiles responses to a variety of frequently asked questions by MPs on behalf of their constituents who own property in another Member State but do not live there full-time, and wish to know what will change for them after Brexit.
The UK's EU Withdrawal Agreement
Published Monday, July 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8453
This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November 2018. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. The Agreement was debated at length in Parliament on several occasions and has been voted on three times. But the House of Commons has not endorsed it. A second extension of Article 50 took exit day to 31 October 2019, but once again the UK is faced with the possibility of leaving the EU without an agreement if this agreement or another one is not ratified by the UK and the EU.
Topics: Administration of justice, Agriculture, Animals, Asylum, Aviation, Benefits policy, Central government, Civil law, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Competition, Criminal law, Data protection, Defence policy, Devolution, Diseases, Economic situation, Elections, Electoral systems, Electricity, Energy, Environmental protection, EU budget, EU Council of Ministers, EU defence policy, EU external relations, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, EU political integration, Europe, European Commission, European Council, European Parliament, Financial institutions, Financial services, Fisheries, Food, Health finance, Health services, House of Commons, House of Lords, Human rights, Immigration, Industry, Intellectual property, International development, International economic relations, International law, International organisations, International politics and government, International trade, Legislative process, Members of Parliament, Military operations, Nationality, Nuclear power, Oil, petrol and natural gas, Parliament, Parliamentary procedure, Political parties, Privacy, Railways, Regulation, Research and innovation, Roads, Shipping, Speaker, Standards, Taxation, Terrorism, Utilities
Animal Sentience and Brexit
Published Monday, July 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8155
The Government is reviewing the recognition of animal sentience and the need for UK legislation after Brexit. It has also announced it will legislate to increase the maximum sentence for animal cruelty offences.