Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 61-80 out of 92

Social Indicators
Published Friday, October 19, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers RP12-59
A compendium of the latest social statistics. This edition includes articles on: UK aviation: airports and capacity; Road fuel prices and taxes across the EU; and a look back at London 2012.
Taxing aviation fuel
Published Tuesday, October 2, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN00523
At present, although road fuel is charged excise duty, which represents a substantial proportion of the pump price paid by motorists, aviation kerosene (AVTUR) which is used in jet engines is exempt from this tax, under international agreement. This note looks at the debate on using tax to control aviation emissions, and the obstacles to introducing excise duty on aviation fuel.

Topics: Aviation, Taxation

Air Passenger Duty : introduction
Published Wednesday, September 19, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN00413
Air passenger duty (APD) is charged on all passenger flights from UK airports. It was introduced in the November 1993 Budget and came into effect on 1 November 1994. This note discusses the introduction of APD, and the first years of its operation. Two other notes discuss the Labour Government's approach to the tax (SN6426), and current Government policy (SN5094).

Topics: Aviation, Taxation

Air passenger duty : the approach of the Labour Government (2008-2010)
Published Wednesday, September 19, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN06426
Concerns about the impact of aviation on carbon emissions lead the Labour Government to review air passenger duty (APD) in 2008. A number of changes were made to the structure of the tax from November 2009. This note examines this reform, and complements a second note on current Government policy (SN5904).

Topics: Aviation, Taxation

Aviation: National Air Traffic Services (NATS)
Published Thursday, August 2, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN01309
This note gives information about the structure of National Air Traffic Services (NATS).

Topic: Aviation

EU ETS and Aviation
Published Wednesday, May 23, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN05533
The aviation sector has been included in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme from 1 January 2012 as part of EU efforts to reduce emissions by 20% by 2020.
Civil Aviation Bill: Committee Stage Report
Published Friday, April 20, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers RP12-19
This is a report on the Public Bill Committee Stage of the Civil Aviation Bill.

Topic: Aviation

Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T)
Published Tuesday, February 7, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers SN00478
Trans-European Networks (TENs) are infrastructure networks in transport, energy and telecommunications. This note is only concerned with the transport networks (TEN-T). It gives information on the background to the scheme, its financial aspects; the priority projects it supports; and the European Commission’s plans for reform.
Civil Aviation Bill
Published Tuesday, January 24, 2012 | Commons Briefing papers RP12-7
This paper has been prepared for the Second Reading debate in the House of Commons on the Civil Aviation Bill, scheduled for 30 January 2012

Topic: Aviation

Aviation: security
Published Tuesday, July 12, 2011 | Commons Briefing papers SN01246
This Note gives an overview of how the UK and other governments are working to secure air transport from terrorist attacks. It includes information on the responses to 9/11 and subsequent terror attacks or attempted attacks, including the restrictions on hand luggage introduced in 2006 and the introduction of body scanners at UK airports in 2010.

Topics: Aviation, Terrorism

Air transport statistics
Published Monday, June 13, 2011 | Commons Briefing papers SN03760
Air Transport Statistics by Tom Rutherford (SN/SG/3760). This note looks in detail at trends in air travel in the UK and the latest official projections, passenger fatality rates; fares, air freight, energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. It includes some key facts on aviation's contribution to the economy and employment. Some international comparisons of air transport are also given.
Transport policy in 2011: a new direction?
Published Wednesday, March 2, 2011 | Commons Briefing papers RP11-22
This paper outlines the changes made to transport policy by the Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition Government and looks at some of the long term transport challenges the government is likely to face over the course of this Parliament.

Topics: Aviation, Railways, Roads

Aviation: pilots and crew
Published Monday, February 14, 2011 | Commons Briefing papers SN00310
This note covers licensing and hours of work for both pilots and other cabin crew following changes to the rules at European level. It does not cover industrial disputes.

Topics: Aviation, Employment

Aviation: Manchester's second runway, 1993-2001
Published Friday, June 11, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN00101
This short note briefly explains the debate surrounding Manchester Airport's application to build a second runway in the late 1990s.

Topic: Aviation

Aviation: Concorde
Published Thursday, June 10, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN02764
This note describes the political and economic agreement between Britain and France to build and operate Concorde. It does not cover the technology.

Topic: Aviation

Aviation: disruptive passengers
Published Thursday, May 27, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN02061
There are a number of offences that can be committed by aircraft passengers under the Air Navigation Order 2009, such as: entering an aircraft while drunk; being drunk on an aircraft; using threatening language or engaging in threatening behaviour; interfering with an aircraft or its crew; endangering an aircraft; and refusing to obey an order from the aircraft commander. Various penalties are available for these offences, as set out in the following note.

Topics: Aviation, Crime

Aviation: Eurocontrol air navigation charges
Published Wednesday, May 19, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN03206
This note explains the single air navigation service charge legislated for in 2006 and implemented in full in January 2010.

Topic: Aviation

Aviation: low cost airlines
Published Tuesday, May 18, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN03024
This Note explains the legislative framework in which low cost airlines have flourished and looks at some of the issues associated with these airlines in recent years.

Topic: Aviation

Aviation: European liberalisation, 1986-2002
Published Thursday, May 13, 2010 | Commons Briefing papers SN00182
This note traces the developments in the liberalisation of the air transport market within the European Union between 1986 and 2002.

Topic: Aviation

Science in the New Parliament, 2010
Published Saturday, May 1, 2010 | POSTbriefs POST-Report-12
After every general election, POST produces a special briefing highlighting some of the main science-based issues that the new Parliament is likely to encounter.

Displaying 61-80 out of 92

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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