Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the House of Commons Library, the House of Lords Library and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can filter the research briefings by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Briefing papers: Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Lords Library Notes: Authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • POSTbriefs: Responsive policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on mini-literature reviews and peer review, typically commissioned by select committees and library research services.
    • POSTnotes: Proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board.
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    Topics: Research material can be filtered by subject using the topic terms. The topics are arranged in a taxonomy (a hierarchical classification) and can be further filtered using sub-topics.

Displaying 81-100 out of 1026

NHS staff from overseas: statistics
Published Monday, July 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7783
65,000 NHS staff in England are EU nationals - 5.5% of all staff. Overall, 13.1% of NHS staff say that their nationality is not British. Facts and figures on the nationality of NHS staff for doctors, nurses and other groups, and changes since the Brexit vote.
Hong Kong: the Joint Declaration
Published Friday, July 5, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8616
The UK Government’s response to the recent protests in Hong Kong has drawn attention to the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration. This briefing paper explores what the Declaration is and concerns about its status.

Topic: Asia

European Parliament elections 2019: results and analysis
Published Wednesday, June 26, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8600
This briefing paper analyses the results of the 2019 European Parliament elections, focussing on both the UK and EU-wide results. It also analyses the repercussions for the EU, in terms of the balance of forces within the new Parliament and its impact on the forthcoming appointment process for the top jobs in the EU, including the European Commission Presidency.
EU State Aid rules and WTO Subsidies Agreement
Published Wednesday, June 12, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN06775
As a member of the EU and of the WTO, the UK must follow a number of rules when providing assistance to businesses and industries. This note explains the rules around state aid and subsidies, their motivations and differences. It also looks at what might change after the UK leaves the EU.
World Trade in 2019: the US and the WTO
Published Tuesday, June 4, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8465
What is happening in the World Trade Organization, and how does this relate to the current US administration's trade policy? This briefing paper explores these two issues, and considers what consequences they might have for a post-Brexit UK.
Algerian spring?
Published Thursday, May 23, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8578
The stand-off between demonstrators and the authorities in Algeria continues.

Topics: Africa, Middle East

Brexit and air quality
Published Tuesday, May 21, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8195
This paper gives an overview of how EU air quality legislation and policy is currently enshrined in the UK legal framework. It sets out the speculation and what is known so far about what could change in respect of air quality following Brexit.
CETA: the EU-Canada free trade agreement
Published Tuesday, May 7, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7492
This note provides details about CETA, the Comprehensive Trade and Economic Partnership. This is a free trade agreement between the EU and Canada.
The EU27: Internal Politics and Views on Brexit
Published Thursday, May 2, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8362
The other 27 EU Member States have maintained a largely united front in the Brexit negotiations and in maintaining that the negotiated Withdrawal Agreement should not be re-opened. This paper examines the views of each of the EU27 on Brexit and any contingency planning for a possible no-deal Brexit. It also provides background on their internal politics and trade and economic statistics.
2018 CJEU Judgments in Summary
Published Friday, April 26, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8508
This briefing paper summarises a selection of Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) judgments from 2018.
Brexit: Proposals for the future UK-EU relationship
Published Thursday, April 18, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8483
The House of Commons has voted on various options for the future UK-EU relationship in the hope that an agreed UK position may help to break the impasse following the Commons' rejection of the UK-EU Withdrawal Agreement. The Government says it may hold a further Commons vote on future relationship options. What options have been proposed?
Brexit delayed again: until 31 October 2019?
Published Wednesday, April 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8549
The EU has agreed to extend Article 50 a second time. This could delay Brexit until 31 October 2019. This has implications for the UK while it remains in the EU, and could also impact on decisions taken within the EU over the next few months
The Anglophone Cameroon crisis: April 2019 update
Published Wednesday, April 17, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8331
Relations between the largely Anglophone regions of Cameroon and the country’s dominant Francophone elite have long been fraught. Over the past three years, tensions have escalated seriously and since October 2017 violent conflict has erupted between armed separatist groups and the security forces, with both sides being accused of committing human rights abuses.
Brexit reading list: general coverage
Published Tuesday, April 16, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7958
This paper provides links to a selection of analysis and comment on general ‘Brexit’ coverage.
The Fisheries Bill 2017-19
Published Thursday, April 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8442
Committee stage of the Fisheries Bill 2017-19 in the House of Commons was completed on 17 December 2018. The Bill will allow the UK to manage fisheries within its territorial waters once it has left the Commons Fisheries Policy. There is no date set for Report.
Military coup in Sudan
Published Thursday, April 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8546
The armed forces take power in Sudan, removing President Omar al-Bashir from power. This short briefing paper looks at recent developments.
Brexit and medicines regulation
Published Tuesday, April 9, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8148
This briefing paper provides an overview of current medicines regulation in the UK and EU, Brexit negotiations so far on this issue, and views on future regulation. It also discusses the potential impacts of a no deal Brexit scenario, and Government preparations for these.
Children: surrogacy – single people and parental orders (UK)
Published Wednesday, April 3, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8076
This House of Commons Library briefing paper considers surrogacy and parental orders, in particular the revised position for single people who previously had been unable to obtain such an order. A link to the full report in pdf format can be found at the bottom of this page.
European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 5) Bill 2017-19
Published Tuesday, April 2, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8541
Yvette Cooper presented a Private Member's bill, the European Union (No. 5) Bill 2017-19, on Tuesday 2 April 2019. The Bill would create a legal mechanism whereby the House of Commons can instruct the Prime Minister to ask the European Council for an extension to Article 50 in the absence of an approval resolution for an exit deal from the EU.
Yemen's fragile peace process
Published Wednesday, March 27, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8536
Talks between the warring parties in Yemen have achieved a ceasefire but other commitments agreed in Stockholm are slow to be implemented; without further progress the ceasefire could crumble and Yemen could be tipped toward famine.

Displaying 81-100 out of 1026

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House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

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The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.


The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology.

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