Limiting Global Warming to 1.5°C
Published Monday, February 11, 2019 | POSTnotes POST-PN-0594
Under the Paris Agreement, almost all governments worldwide have agreed to collectively limit global warming to 'well below' 2°C above pre-industrial temperatures, and to 'pursue efforts' to limit this warming to 1.5°C. However, there has been 1°C of warming to date, and current international pledges could result in 3°C or more. A 2018 UN Special Report examined how peak global warming could be limited to 1.5°C above pre-industrial temperatures, and the implications of doing so. This POSTnote outlines key messages from the UN Special Report, and UK responses to preventing and adapting to climate change.
Topics: Biodiversity, Climate change, Coal, Countryside, Electricity, Energy, Energy conservation, Environmental protection, Flooding, Hedges and ditches, International development, International law, Marine environment, Nature conservation, Nuclear power, Oil, petrol and natural gas, Pollution, Renewable energy, United Nations, Water, Wildlife
Tax avoidance and tax evasion
Published Monday, February 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7948
In recent years concerns as to the scale of mass marketed tax avoidance schemes have led to three major initiatives to undermine this market, and encourage a sea change in attitudes, both in the accountancy industry and its customers: the Disclosure of Tax Avoidance Schemes regime (DOTAS); the General Anti-Abuse Rule (GAAR); and the system of follower notices & accelerated payments. Following these initiatives the Government has continued to introduce provisions to tackle both tax avoidance and tax evasion, including measures in both the Spring & Autumn Budgets in 2017, and the 2018 Budget. This note provides an introduction to the issue of tax avoidance, looking in detail at the development of follower notices and accelerated payments, before discussing the current Government’s approach, including the introduction of the 2019 Loan Charge.
Published Monday, February 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7734
This paper outlines current regulations for the use of recreational and commercial drones in the UK. It also presents recent policy development in the UK and internationally, as well as emerging technological and regulatory issues related to drone integration into domestic airspace.
Commons Opposition Day debates since 1992
Published Monday, February 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN06315
This Note lists Opposition Day debates in the House of Commons by party and by session. The five tables cover different administrations:
Service industries: Key Economic Indicators
Published Monday, February 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02786
Service industries: Data for the sector that incorporates the retail sector, the financial sector, the public sector, business administration and cultural activities.
Trade: Key Economic Indicators
Published Monday, February 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02815
Latest statistics on UK's trade performance and balance of payments.
Apprenticeship statistics for England
Published Monday, February 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN06113
This note presents and analyses data on the number of people starting apprenticeships in England and statistics for Parliamentary Constituencies in England.
Relationships and Sex Education in Schools (England)
Published Monday, February 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN06103
This House of Commons Library briefing provides an overview of the legislation and guidance currently in place regarding sex and relationship education (SRE) in schools, and also outlines related reviews and proposals in Parliament.
Brexit reading list: general coverage
Published Monday, February 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7958
This paper provides links to a selection of analysis and comment on general ‘Brexit’ coverage.
Components of GDP: Key Economic Indicators
Published Monday, February 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN02787
Components of GDP: data on the components that make up GDP, including household consumption, government spending, investment, trade and output by sector.
Mental Capacity (Amendment) Bill
Published Monday, February 11, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8466
This Commons Library briefing provides an overview of the Mental Capacity (Amendment) Bill, and the debates and amendments in the Lords and during the Commons Committee stage, ahead of its Remaining stages in the Commons on 12 February 2019.
Public service pensions - the employer cost cap
Published Friday, February 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN06971
Looks at the mechanism introduced under the Public Service Pensions Act 2013 to control unexpected changes in the cost of public service pensions
The effect of Santander branch closures on local communities
Published Friday, February 8, 2019 | Commons Debate packs CDP-2019-0036
A Westminster Hall debate on the effect of Santander branch closures on local communities' will be held on Thursday 14 February from 1.30pm. The Member opening the debate is David Linden MP.
What if there's no Brexit deal?
Published Friday, February 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-8397
What could happen if the EU and UK negotiators don't agree a withdrawal agreement in time and the UK has to leave the EU on 29 March 2019 without one - and with no framework for future relations either? This paper looks at how such a situation might come about, the constitutional implications for the UK and in some cases for the devolved administrations, and what the impact might be in a range of policy areas.
Topics: Administration of justice, Agriculture, Animals, Aviation, Benefits administration, Benefits policy, Business support, Central government, Children and families, Civil law, Climate change, Common Agricultural Policy, Companies, Competition, Constitution, Consumers, Crime, Criminal law, Defence equipment and procurement, Defence policy, Devolution, Divorce, Economic policy, Economic situation, Electricity, Employment, Energy, Environmental protection, EU budget, EU defence policy, EU external relations, EU grants and loans, EU law and treaties, Europe, European Commission, European Council, European Parliament, Family benefits, Family law, Financial institutions, Financial services, Fisheries, Food, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Freedom of information, Health finance, Health services, Health staff and professions, Higher education, Housing benefits, Human rights, Immigration, Industrial health and safety, Industry, Information technology, Intellectual property, International development, International economic relations, International law, International organisations, International politics and government, International trade, Legislative process, Medicine, Military operations, Nuclear power, Overseas territories, Parliament, Pensions, Pollution, Privacy, Public expenditure, Railways, Regulation, Renewable energy, Research and innovation, Roads, Science, Shipping, Sickness, disability and carers' benefits, Small businesses, Standards, Students, Taxation, Teachers, Terrorism, Utilities, Waste management, Water, Working age benefits
Statistics on UK trade with China
Published Friday, February 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers CBP-7379
China is one of the UK's largest trading partners. This note gives some key statistics on UK-China trade.
Special Educational Needs: support in England
Published Friday, February 8, 2019 | Commons Briefing papers SN07020
This House of Commons Library briefing sets out the system of support for children and young people in England aged 0-25 with special educational needs (SEN). The briefing provides an overview of the new system introduced in 2014, the transitional arrangements, and how the new system differs from that which preceded it. It also includes a brief history of the movement towards reform that preceded the 2014 changes, and information on the impact of the new system available to date.
Further Take-Note Debate on EU Withdrawal
Published Friday, February 8, 2019 | Lords Library notes LLN-2019-0019
This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the further take note debate on the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union due to take place in the House of Lords on 13 February 2019.