House of Commons Library

Deprivation in English constituencies, 2019

Published Tuesday, October 1, 2019

This paper looks at relative levels of deprivation across constituencies in England, including which constituencies have become more deprived or less deprived relative to other areas.

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This paper presents deprivation statistics for parliamentary constituencies in England. Estimates have been calculated by the House of Commons Library using data published by the Ministry of Housing, Communities & Local Government (MHCLG) in the English Indices of Deprivation 2019 (largely based on data for 2015/16).

  • There are concentrations of deprivation in cities like Birmingham, Liverpool and Leeds, in coastal areas, and in parts of East London.
  • 344 out of 533 constituencies in England contain at least one small area that is among the 10% most deprived in England.
  • Comparing the 2019 figures with the 2015 Indices of Deprivation, constituencies that have become relatively more deprived include many constituencies in the North West and North East, while many constituencies in London are relatively less deprived.

The table published alongside this paper provide Deprivation ranks for all English constituencies.

The MHCLG research report and technical report contain extensive analysis of the deprivation data and explains in detail how the figures are put together, and provide an online mapping tool to show patterns across constituencies. Deprivation data for other parts of the UK are produced by the devolved administrations and are not directly comparable.


Commons Briefing papers CBP-7327

Author: Brigid Francis-Devine

Topics: Incomes and poverty, Population

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