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Labour market statistics: UK regions and countries

Published Wednesday, August 1, 2018

This paper gives an overview of labour market statistics across the UK’s regions and countries. The spreadsheet published alongside this paper includes a ‘profile tool’ where you can select a region and see all data for that region presented in tables and charts.

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Employment

Between April 2017 and March 2018 the employment rate was highest in the South East (78.5%) and lowest in Northern Ireland (69.2%).

Employment rates across the UK fell following the 2008 recession, but since 2011/12, employment rates across all regions and countries have been increasing. Employment rates are currently higher than their pre-recession levels in all UK regions and countries.

Unemployment

Between April 2017 and March 2018 the unemployment rate was highest in the North East (5.5%) and lowest in the South West (3.3%).

Unemployment rates across the UK rose following the recession, but since 2011/12, employment rates across all regions and countries have been falling. The unemployment rate is now less than pre-recession levels in all UK regions and countries except Northern Ireland.

Part-time employment

Between April 2017 and March 2018 part-time working was most prevalent in the South West where 30.8% of those in employment were working part-time. Part-time working was least prevalent in London where 22.1% of those in employment were working part-time.

Self-employment

Self-employment was most prevalent in London where 18.6% of those in employment were self-employed. Self-employment was least prevalent in the North East where 11.9% of workers were self-employed.

Average weekly earnings

The latest statistics from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings show that in April 2017 average weekly earnings were highest for full-time employees living in London (£655) and lowest in Yorkshire and the Humber, Northern Ireland and the North East (all just over £500).

Average weekly earnings for full-time employees are, after adjusting for changes in prices, below their pre-recession levels in every region and country in the UK.

Commons Briefing papers CBP-7950

Author: Andy Powell

Topics: Economic situation, Employment, Incomes and poverty, Unemployment

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