This briefing paper looks at homicide statistics in England and Wales. It also looks at equivalent statistics for Scotland and Northern Ireland as well as comparing international statistics on homicide. The paper also examines statistics concerning the characteristics of victims and offenders, the methods used to kill and the outcomes for offenders. This paper updates and supersedes the Commons Library Homicide Statistics Research Paper (99/56) published on 27 May 1999.Jump to full report >>
Number of Victims by Gender
In 2017/18, just over two thirds (69%) of the total 726 victims of offences currently recorded as homicide were male and just over a quarter were female (31%). The highest proportion of female victims (36%) was recorded in 2014/15.
In 2018/19, the homicide rate per million population in England and Wales was 11.9, in Scotland it was 11.0, and in Northern Ireland 13.8.
Until the 1960s, Northern Ireland experienced relatively low homicide rates. After this, levels increased considerably during the troubles, before gradually returning to rates similar to the rest of the UK by the end of the 1990s.
Homicide by Method of Killing in England and Wales , 2017/18
In 2017/18, the most common method of killing (39%) involved the use of a sharp instrument. This was the most common method of killing for both male and female victims at 44% and 28% respectively.
Strangulation and asphyxiation was the next most prevalent method of death for females (38 out of 227 victims). The second common for men involved hitting, kicking, etc (92 out of 499 victims). As a proportion of all homicides, homicides, hitting, kicking, etc was also the second most common for all victims accounting for 15% of deaths (106 deaths).
Commons Briefing papers CBP-8224
Authors: Grahame Allen; Yago Zayed