House of Commons Library

Hate Crime Statistics

Published Thursday, March 28, 2019

This briefing paper looks at Hate Crime in England & Wales using figures provided by the Crime Survey of England and Wales (CSEW) and the Police Recorded Crime Series. The paper also presents data on hate crime rates per 100,000 population in each police force area and for each hate crime strand. It also looks at similar figures in Scotland and Northern Ireland.

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All Hate Crime 

The Crime Survey of England and Wales (CSEW) suggests there was a 40% fall in the average annual number of hate crime incidents between 2007/08 and 2008/09 (307,000) and 2015/16 to 2017/18 combined (184,000).

Police figures show in 2017/18 that there were 94,098 offences recorded by the police where one or more of the central monitored hate crime strands were deemed to be a motivating factor. This was 17% higher than in 2016/17.

An explanation of the problems with and differences between these two sources is provided in the briefing paper.

EU Referendum

Home Office figures show there was a sharp increase in racially and religiously motivated hate crime around the 2016 EU referendum. The number of racially and religiously motivated hate crimes was 44% higher than in July 2015 of the previous year.

Police Force Area Data

Hate Crime Rates for All Offences by Police Force Area in England & WalesThe highest rate of hate crimes recorded per 100,000 population in 2017/18 was in the Greater Manchester Police Force Area (281). The lowest rate was in Dyfed - Powys(43).

Two police force areas, West Yorkshire and Avon and Somerset were amongst the 10 highest rates recorded for each hate crime strand.

The rate for England and Wales including the British Traansport Police was 160.

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