This House of Lords Library Briefing provides statistics on sessions since 1900 that have lasted for more than twelve months and lists the years in which there has been no Queen’s/King’s Speech.Jump to full report >>
A Queen’s Speech usually takes place every year. However, there have been five years since 1900 when there was no King’s/Queen’s Speech. These were 1915, 1925, 1949, 2011 and 2018.
The date of the Queen’s Speech is established as follows. Each parliament is divided into sessions. The Queen’s Speech takes place at the beginning or within a few days of the beginning of each session. The power to set the duration of each session is a prerogative power of the Queen, exercised by the government. Sessions usually last for twelve months. However, as the length of session may vary, it is possible to have a calendar year when no Queen’s Speech takes place.
In 1915 and 1925, the relevant sessions were not substantially longer than the average for the period. Between 1900 and 1951, the median number of House of Commons sitting days each session was 143.
However, in 1949, 2011 and 2018, the relevant sessions were longer than the average for the period:
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