House of Commons Library

Inheritance Tax : a basic guide

Published Friday, July 5, 2019

This paper provides a summary description of the structure of inheritance tax (IHT) and the main reliefs which are available.

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Further to this paper, HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) provide guidance on inheritance tax on their internet site.[1] Detailed technical guidance on the law is given in HMRC’s manual on the tax.[2]  HMRC also operate a helpline for those with questions about inheritance tax or probate.[3] A second Library paper looks at the historical development of the tax and recent debates as to its potential reform.[4]

Notes : 

[1]     At:

[2]     HMRC Inheritance Tax Manual (IHTM)

[3]     Inheritance Tax and Probate Helpline Tel. 0300 123 1072. Open Monday to Friday 9am to 5pm; closed on Bank Holidays.

[4]     Inheritance Tax, Commons Briefing paper CBP93, 30 April 2018

Commons Briefing papers SN00573

Author: Antony Seely

Topics: Death, Taxation

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