House of Commons Library

Employment - National: Key Economic Indicators

Published Tuesday, May 14, 2019

A summary of the latest data on employment in the UK.

Jump to full report >>

32.70 million people were in employment in January-March 2019. Employment was up 99,000 from the previous quarter and up 354,000 from the year before.

The employment rate (the proportion of the population aged 16-64 in work) was 76.1%, up from 75.8% in the previous quarter. This is the joint-highest rate since comparable records began in 1971. It compares to a post-recession low of 70.1% in July-September 2011.

15.42 million women were in work, an increase of 114,000 from the previous quarter and 206,000 more than a year ago. The female employment rate was 71.8%. Increases in the rate over recent years are partly due to changes to the State Pension age for women.

17.28 million men were in work, 15,000 fewer than the previous quarter and 148,000 more than a year ago. The male employment rate was 80.3%.

24.11 million people were working full-time, up 75,000 from the previous quarter and up 372,000 from a year ago. Part-time employment was up 24,000 from the previous quarter but down 18,000 from the year before at 8.59 million.

Self-employment increased by 90,000 from the previous quarter and by 180,000 from the year before at 4.93 million. There was little change in the number of people working as employees from the last quarter, and an increase of 168,000 from the year before to 27.59 million.

Commons Briefing papers SN02796

Author: Niamh Foley

Topics: Economic situation, Employment

Share this page

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.