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Unemployment - National: Key Economic Indicators

Published Wednesday, February 21, 2018

Unemployment - national: data on International Labour Organisation unemployment, the headline measure of unemployment in the UK.

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The International Labour Organisation (ILO) definition of unemployment is the headline measure of unemployment in the UK. Another measure is the claimant count – the number of people claiming unemployment benefits (namely, Jobseeker’s Allowance or people claiming Universal Credit who are required to seek work).

1.47 million people in the UK were unemployed on the ILO definition between October and December 2017, up 46,000 on the previous quarter but down 123,000 on the previous year.

The unemployment rate was 4.4% (the percentage of the economically active population who are unemployed), up 0.1% points on the previous quarter but down 0.4% points from the previous year.

Unemployment has been falling over the past few years and the unemployment rate was recently at its joint lowest point since 1975.

 Unemployment rate in the UK

Gender

There were 782,000 men unemployed between October and December 2017, up 11,000 on the previous quarter but down 94,000 from a year earlier.

689,000 women were unemployed, up 35,000 on the previous quarter but down 30,000 from a year earlier.

Youth

547,000 people aged 16-24 were unemployed in October- December 2017, up 30,000 on the previous year. The unemployment rate for 16-24 year olds was 12.5%, down from 12.6% the year before.

Commons Briefing papers SN02797

Author: Jennifer Brown

Topic: Unemployment

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