This list notes the title and position of bills presented each session under the ballot procedure and whether they gained Royal Assent.Jump to full report >>
The ballot for Commons Private Members’ Bills for the 2019-20 session took place on Thursday 9 January. Labour MP Mike Amesbury was drawn in first place. All twenty MPs successful in the ballot presented their bills on 5 February 2020.
The 2019 Commons ballot was held on Thursday 24 October 2019 and can be viewed on parliamentlive.tv. Members were due to introduce their bills on 13 November 2019 but Parliament was dissolved on 6 November 2019.
Parliamentary business in the House of Commons is governed by the Standing Orders (SOs) of the House of Commons.
The ballot procedure, SO No.14(10), is one of three ways a backbench MP can introduce legislation. The ballot is held on the second sitting Thursday of the session.
The 20 MPs successful in the ballot present their titles and nominate a date for Second Reading on the fifth sitting Wednesday of the session. Only the title of the bill is needed for the presentation, First Reading, of the bill. The full text of the bill is often not available until shortly before the Second Reading of the bill.
MPs can also introduce bills:
MPs cannot introduce bills under the Ordinary Presentation or Ten-Minute Rule procedures until all the Ballot Bills have been presented. This means that these bills will be slotted in behind the Ballot Bills on one of the available Fridays with less time available to debate them.
For more information on the procedure for public bills in Parliament, including the various types of PMBs, see the Commons Library briefing on public bills in Parliament.
The time set aside by the House for consideration of private Members' legislation is limited by SO No.14(8) to 13 Fridays in each session.
Four extra Fridays were made available in the long 2010–12 session, following the Fixed Term Parliaments Act 2011. A motion to provide three additional Fridays for private Members’ bills in the 2017-18 session was agreed on 30 January 2019.
The first seven of these Fridays are reserved for Second Reading debates. Therefore, bills that have made progress take precedence. Members drawn high in the ballot can nominate one of the first seven Fridays for their Second Reading and consequently their bills have more chance of making progress.
Debates on private Members’ legislation are not programmed and are susceptible to being ‘talked out’. The Procedure Committee held an inquiry on Private Members’ Bills and its recommendations are published in the Committee’s third report of session 2015–16, Private Members' bills (PDF 428 KB).
The titles of the bills in the list link through to the Bill Pages on the Parliament website. Here you can find all the associated bill documents and proceedings on the bill.
See the Commons Library briefing on successful private Members’ bills since 1983 for a list of all bills introduced by backbench MPs that have received Royal Assent.
Peers are also able to introduce private members' bills. In 2014 the House of Lords agreed that, from the start of the 2015–16 session, a ballot should be held on the evening of State Opening to determine the order of introduction of private members' bills. On 9 May 2015 the House of Lords approved a change to the timetable for the ballot to be held on the day following State Opening.
This series of publications contains data on various subjects relating to Parliament and Government. Topics include legislation, MPs, select committees, debates, divisions and Parliamentary procedure.
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Commons Briefing papers SN04055
Author: Sarah Priddy