Knife crime is a persistent and worrying concern, especially as it impacts particularly upon young people and the disadvantaged, and various remedies have been tried over the years.Jump to full report >>
Knife crime is a persistent and worrying concern, especially as it impacts particularly upon young people and the disadvantaged, and various remedies have been tried over the years.
In the year ending March 2019, there were around 47,000 (selected) offences involving a knife or sharp instrument in England and Wales. Recent trends in offences have been affected by undercounting in the Greater Manchester Police Force area prior to 2018/19. Excluding or including figures from Greater Manchester, this is the highest number of offences since the year ending March 2011, the earliest point at which comparable data are available. This is directly related with improvements in recording practices.
In the year ending March 2018 there were 285 homicides (currently recorded) using a sharp instrument, including knives and broken bottles, accounting for 39% of all homicides – a rise from the 212 recorded in the year ending March 2017.
London recorded the highest rate of 169 offences involving a knife per 100,000 population 2Fin 2018/19, a slight increase on a rate of 167 in 2017/18. Gwent had the lowest rate of 24 offences per 100,000 individuals (up from 19 in 2017/18).
In the year ending June 2019, there were 22,306 disposals given for possession of a knife or offensive weapon. Juveniles (aged 10-17) were the offenders in 20% of cases.
There were 5,149 finished consultant episodes (FCE) recorded in English hospitals in 2018/19 due to assault by a sharp object. This was an increase of nearly 2% compared to 2017/18 and 41% higher than in 2014/15.
Commons Briefing papers SN04304
Authors: Grahame Allen; Lukas Audickas; Alexander Bellis